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Athens the Great and Powerful
Transcript of Athens the Great and Powerful
Athens the Great and Powerful
Women: Back then their undergarments were loincloths. The loincloths were mostly made out of cotton. They were used as underwear and bras. Himation was a piece of cloth that most women wore. They were made out of silk, wool, and cotton. Also they wore peplos which was almost like a dress that they belted with a belt or girdle. This was to secure the peplos in place. There was also a piece of clothing that they made by taking two pieces of cloth and sewing them together. This was a skirt in our time. The women wore veil with all of their outfits most of the time they were to match their clothes. Most of the patterns on their clothing were squiggles, flowers, and strips.
Athens believed in the many Greek gods. Athens was named after Athena. In Greek myth she had to win the city of Athens in a contest against Poseidon. Whoever gave the best gift won the contest, and Athena gave the gift of an olive tree. The olive tree was a better gift than the salty spring that Poseidon gave as his gift, so Athena won the contest.
A Great City-State
Athens was one of the great city-states of Ancient Greece. The other city-state was Sparta. But we are the superiors. Like it says above, we got the brains.
The government was based on a democracy system; a political system which the people don't elect representatives to vote on their behalf but vote on legislation and executive bills in their own right. Women had no right in the say of government or anything. Men were allowed to vote but women were forbidden to have any interaction with any government sources. The Athens government was the first known government that was a democracy.
The Athenians had 3 to 4 meals a day. At home for breakfast they ate barley bread dipped in wine usually with figs or olives. They also had a form of pancakes. For lunch they ate quickly. If the household was too small the men ate first then the women. Men and women ate separately. Sometimes they had dinner parties. They ate bread, meat, fish, nuts, fruits, and vegetables. They also drank wine. They had cabbage, onions, lentils, sweet peas, chickpeas, broad beans, garden peas, grass peas, etc for vegetables. They were eaten as a soup. Poor families ate raw acorns. Quails and hens were breed for hens. They had goat cheese. They ate figs with wine.
How Children were Educated
Only boys grew up to be citizens, which means that they were educated very different from girls. They believed that education was very important which led them to study out of books and they also physically trained as well. They believed that you have to be healthy to have education. Until boys were drama queens seven or maybe six, they were taught at home by their mothers, or the male slaves that they had. From seven to fourteen boys were taught at a school with teachers and they learned about hey memorized Homeric poetry, how to play the lyre, drama, public speaking, reading, writing, math, and how to play the flute! At that time, books were very expensive and extremely rare, so everything was read out loud and was required to be memorized. They used writing tablets to help them learn as well. Physical education teachers, (coaches) taught sports for the boys to strengthen their muscles. They played wrestling and gymnastics. They also studied music, and learned to play the most popular instruments during that time. At eighteen, they went to start military training. After they have served for a few years, the most wealthy men would most likely study with a private teacher.
Sparta might have the brawn's, but we have the brains!
In the city State of Athens they used swords, axes, spears, shields, archery, and armor
The government of Ancient Athens had so much economic activity for Athenian people as well as the entire country. The government is a major employment for the people of Greece. This sometimes tends to lead to politics and getting a job with government agencies.
Athens stuck with their belief in the many Greek gods. Their main god is Athena so their battle strategy was precise. The courtyards in their house were like chapels.
The Rights of women
For women up until they got married they were controlled by their fathers. After they got married they were controlled by the husbands. Their jobs were to be a housewife and take care of their children. They were depending on their husbands for financial reasons. If their husbands died than they would stay in the same house. If they had children, which was most likely, they were to take care of them.
The homes in Athens were built around courtyards,
and they had a kitchen, a storage room, an animal shed, possibly a bathroom, and a lounge-type room for gatherings. They cared about their literature, poetry, drama, theater, schools, buildings, and government. Art and science were the subjects they focused on most.
Aristotle was a scientist in Athens. He taught Alexander the Great, who conquered Athens. He was not born in Athens, but he moved there when he was seventeen. He stayed there for twenty years then left. Aristotle died in 322 B.C. He founded a school, and wrote many books. He expanded to the two steps of the scientific method. He learned from Plato when he came to Athens. He was the first human to refer animals into groups based on their similarities. He created a method called syllogism which is where you use two facts to observe a conclusion.
Homes and the Way They Lived!
Some important Athenian scientists were Archimedes, Aristarchus, Anaximander, Eratostenes, Euclid, Hipparchus, Hippocrates, Ptolemy, Pythagoras, and Thales of Miletus. They studied subjects such as mathematics, astronomy, geography, medicine, and science. Important discoveries were such as that earth revolves around the sun, and founding scientific medicine. Three of the most important Athenian scientists were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
Socrates was an Athenian philosopher. He was interested in how people think. He thought that people could discover truth if they looked for it. He looked for truth by asking people questions to make them think. They went through the question step-by-step until they reached the truth. This method is called the Socratic Method. Socrates was put on trial for corrupting youth and was found guilty. He was forced to drink hemlock juice. Later, the Athenians regretted killing him. In honor of him, they put up a bronze statue.
Plato was one of the pupils of Socrates. He did not stay in Greece. He went through Egypt in Italy for many years. He built a school in the sacred Grove of the hero Academus. He taught there for forty years but the Academy continued. He wrote a book on political science called The Republic. It was the first of its kind. He believed in the truth. The Dialogues show how hard it is to discover the truth. Because of Plato we know about Socrates because he recorded his speeches.