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Asbestos Awareness

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by

Beth Robinson

on 30 December 2015

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Transcript of Asbestos Awareness

World production peaked at 5.1 million tons in 1975
(2.2 Million in 2002!)
Asbestos related diseases kill more people than any other single work related cause.
MORE PEOPLE ARE KILLED IN THE UK BY ASBESTOS RELATED DISEASES EACH YEAR THAN ON UK ROADS.
Determining Factors
Durability of the body
The amount and duration of exposure
Type of asbestos (fibre makeup and fibre size)
Whether or not you smoke
Age
Asbestos Awareness
Training
Beth Robinson
January 2014
If you have reason to suspect that something is asbestos, either because it is labeled as such, or because it something that is likely to contain asbestos.

DO NOT DISTURB IT

Remember that you cannot tell if floor or ceiling tiles contain asbestos just by looking at them.
If you discover asbestos
Stop work immediately
Prevent access to the area
Report to your Site Supervisor
Minimise spread of contamination to other areas
History of Asbestos
Types of Asbestos
Uses for Asbestos
Facts & Figures
Control of Asbestos
Regulations 2012
More Information
1898 - Factory Inspector critical of dusty conditions having impact on workers health
50,000 cases of mesothelioma in the next 25 years, 25% of which will have worked in the building trade
2-4 million tonnes guessed to be left in UK buildings
LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Overview of what asbestos is, why it was used and its legacy
Understanding of the University's Policies and Procedures to assist with your decision making process
What is Asbestos and why it is dangerous?
The Control of Asbestos Regulations 2012
The University's Asbestos Management Plan
TOPICS
Chrysotile (white)
Amosite (brown)
Crocidolite (blue)
Debris
Asbestos is most hazardous when it is friable. The term "friable" means that the asbestos is easily crumbled by hand, releasing fibres into the air. Sprayed on asbestos insulation is highly friable. where as asbestos floor tiles are not.
How Serious?
ASBESTOSIS
Scarring of lungs, restricting breathing and decreasing lung capacity
Slow progressive disease
10/20 years after exposure
Associated with high exposure over a period of time, ie asbestos factory workers
Now decreasing in UK
Incurable
2010 - 412 deaths, 725 new cases
LUNG CANCER
Maligant tumor of the lungs and air passage. Grows, invades and obstructs
Latency 20-30 years
More likely in smokers
2010 - 2000 deaths (impossible for exact figures)
MESOTHELIOMA
Cancer of the cells making up the lining around the outside of the lungs and organs
30-40 years latency
Short duration exposure
No treatment, always fatal, always asbestos related
Average life expectancy 6-18 months
2010 - 2347 deaths
Dangers of Asbestos
The Greeks
The Industrial Revolution
1900 - 1999
Today
There is no safe level of exposure because we don't know the level that triggers illness
Control Level 0.1 f/cm3
Wire Brushing - Cement 8 f/cm3
Ripping out AIB 20 f/cm3
Disturbing Thermal Insulation 100 f/cm3
Disturbing Loose Insulation 1000 f/cm3
The Asbestos Industry Regulations 1931,
covered the main asbestos manufacturing processes. These were crushing, spinning, and weaving and the manufacture of leading products.

The Asbestos Regulations 1969,
(came into force may 1970) were made under The Factories Act 1961 and aimed to give the first quantitive control levels of exposure to asbestos in workplaces.

The Voluntary Asbestos Import Ban 1970
. From 1970 the asbestos industry maintained a voluntary ban on the import into the UK of raw blue asbestos.

The Voluntary Asbestos Import Ban 1980.
From 1980, the asbestos industry agreed to a similar ban of that from 1970, this time on brown asbestos.

The Asbestos Licensing Regulations 1983,
meant that contractors working with asbestos insulation or coating were required to get a license from the HSE.
The Asbestos Prohibition Regulations 1985
, banned the import and use of Blue and Brown (Crocidolite and Amosite) asbestos.

The Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 1987
, introduced statutory control procedures to prevent workers from exposure to asbestos in the workplace.

The Asbestos Prohibition Regulations 1992
, replaced the earlier 1985 regulations and the 1988 amendments.

The Asbestos Prohibition (Amended) Regulations 1999
, extended the prohibition of import, supply and use of all asbestos containing product

The Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 2002
, updated and extended many of the preceding regulations as well as introducing various changes.

The Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006
, combines; The Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 2002; The Asbestos (Licensing) Regulations 1983; and The Asbestos (Prohibitions) Regulations 1992 (and all of their respective amendments) into one set of asbestos regulations.
Regulation 4
take reasonable steps to find out if there are materials containing asbestos in non-domestic premises, and if so, its amount, where it is and what condition it is in;

presume materials contain asbestos unless there is strong evidence that they do not;

make, and keep up-to-date, a record of the location and condition of the asbestos containing materials - or materials which are presumed to contain asbestos;

assess the risk of anyone being exposed to fibres from the materials identified;

prepare a plan that sets out in detail how the risks from these materials will be managed;

take the necessary steps to put the plan into action;

periodically review and monitor the plan and the arrangements to act on it so that the plan remains relevant and up-to-date; and

provide information on the location and condition of the materials to anyone who is liable to work on or disturb them.
The University's "Duty to Manage"
Take reasonable steps to find out if there are materials containing asbestos in non-domestic premises, and if so, its amount, where it is and what condition it is in.

Presume materials contain asbestos unless there is strong evidence that they do not.
Make, and keep up-to-date, a record of the location and condition of the asbestos containing materials - or materials which are presumed to contain asbestos;

Assess the risk of anyone being exposed to fibres from the materials identified;
The University's 'Duty to Manage'
Prepare a plan that sets out in detail how the risks from these materials will be managed;

Take the necessary steps to put the plan into action;

Periodically review and monitor the plan and the arrangements to act on it so that the plan remains relevant and up-to-date;

Provide information on the location and condition of the materials to anyone who is liable to work on or disturb them.
The University's 'Duty to Manage
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