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All about Samurai
Transcript of All about Samurai
Project By: Marisol Martinez
A Land Apart
Old Japan was a place where warriors fought on the battlefields during the war (they also wrote poetry during their free time), farmers grew rice, castles stod with squeaky floors to warn it's owners about intruders dressed in black. One hundred miles off the east coast of East Asia sits a beautiful island nation of Japan. Water and waves are a natural barrier that protects the island from outside invaders. Through the coarse of a thousand years Japan has been growing and changing,cutting itself off from the rest of the world. During Japan's many years it has developed a unique and fascinating culture.
Japanese emperors came to be because of clans. For many years Japanese people traveled in clans (had traveled). The leaders of the clans ruled different parts of the country. The people in the clans would fight each other for power (being the leader). By 400 A.D. the Yamato clan had gained control of most of the country and the leader of the clan became Japan's first emperor. The other clans still controlled their lands but they still owed their loyalty to the emperor. By the 700's the royal family lived in the city of Nara, clan member (key ones) became nobles in the emperor's court. The lives of peasant and of the royals was different, the peasants worked with their hands whereas the court members painted,wrote poetry, and admired nature
Shogun and Samurai
Japan in the 1100's was in trouble, powerful landlords did not pay taxes or give soldiers (family/friends) to the emperorsarmy.The government became weak and officials could not keep order because it was so weak.Robbers roamed the roads with no one to punish them, rich landlords built their own armies with no one to stop them.Many of the soldiers were farmers that gave their allegiance to the landowners instead of the emperor.These quiet armies fought other quiet armies and promised their leader complete loyalty to the leader. These warriors were samurai (or also called "those who serve") and the leaders of these armies became the most powerful fighting force in Japan.
Japan was in the 1100's was in trouble,powerful landlords did not pay their taxes or give soldiers (family/friends) to the emperors army. The government became weak and officials could not keep order because their power was so weak.Robbers roamed the roads with no one to punish them or be-head them, rich landowners built their own armies with no one to stop them. Many of the soldiers were farmers that gave their allegiance to the landowner instead of the emperor. These quiet army fought other quiet armies and promised their leader complete loyalty to the leader. These warriors were samurai ("those who serve") and the leaders of these armies where the shogun. Soon the samurai armies became the most powerful fighting force in Japan.
A samurai had to wear lots of things to a battle. First they had to put on a kimono (a long robe with wide shoulders)loose pants, outer jacket, outer pants, and lastly the samurai strapped on a heavy metal armor. The armor was so heavy that it took a helper to help lower the armor from the ceiling where it was suspended onto the samurai's body. The armor weighed 22-26 kg with the samurai's full gear it was about 40 kg (including swords, arrows, and a bow). Who knows how they rode on the horse and fought with so much weight on them. The helmet they wore was usually made of metal and had a crest with a dragon on the top. The dragon symbolizes bravery and was meant to scare off enemies. The samurai's outfit was a heavy one but it did protect.
Safe Inside the Castle
The daimyo built large beautiful castles just like the wealthy knights in Europe did but only the richest and the most powerful daimyo got the chance to build a castle. These castles had high walls and moats that surrounded the castle grounds. The people that designed these castles designed it so that they can protect the daimyo and his men from enemies and so it can show off how wealthy the diamyo was and proved that he was important. The castles had to be big because they were home to lots of people: daimyo, daimyo's family, servants,and most of his army so as you can see the castle had to be big, really big
How Life in Japan Changed
When the daimyo and the shogun started to gain power the way someone lived in Japan changed. Some ways that life in Japan changed would include how people feared for their safety and wanted/needed protection Samurai's were very important. Another way that life changed was how people dressed and where they lived now determined who was the best and who was the opposite. These are the ways that life in Japan changed
When Japan was under the Tokugawa shoguns everything was orderly and peaceful. Japan stayed this way for more than two hundred years and during these two hundred years there was not one single war that was fought. Since there was no wars the economy grew very strong and business prospered. The peace and foreigners were trouble for the samurais because if there was peace and no wars that meant that there was no one to fight, either in a war or just someone that needed to be put in their place. Now there was no need for samurai. And now to conclude this assignment I say Goodbye to the Samurai.
Samurai were famous for the fighting skills,bravery, and loyalty that they had. shoguns followed a strict code of conduct called Bushido (or the code of the warrior). The Bushido had rules for everything that you could possibly do. Samurai's where trained to expect being face to face with danger and death, if a samurai showed fear in battle by surrendering he was suspected to kill himself to ease the shame and defeat he had coursing through his mind. This process is called Hara-Kari or Seppuku. Samurai were not just fighters they knew some manners too.they were trained how to walk properly, bow, and hold chopsticks. Some samurais did many things ion their free time like writing poetry, practice flower arranging and calligraphy or spent hours gazing at the moon or at cherry blossoms.