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d

work in progress
by

Derrick Awatin

on 19 October 2013

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Transcript of d

BATANGAS PORT IN CALICANTO, BATS
N
INOY
A
QUINO
I
NTERNATIONAL
A
IRPORT

SLEX

Transportation
in the
Philippines
and
Indonesia

NLEX
Overview
Philippines is an Archipelago with 7107 islands across the country

- Transport System Land, Rail, Water, Air
* Dominant subsector is LAND Transportation

- Manila, Cebu & Davao centers of development

-Department of Transportation and Communication as the primary Government Agency

Indonesia composed of 17,000 islands spread throughout the country.

- Transport System Land, Rail, Water, Air
*Dominant Subsector is LAND

- Java and Sumatra as centers of development

- Kementerian Perhebungan (Ministry of Transportation) responsible for the governance

Current Status of Transportation

Philippines
- improvement in on the quality of transport but a large part of the road network remains in poor condition and intermodal integration is generally weak
- Poor sector governance also impedes efficient operation of the sector
- Development has been always allocated in the centers the less has been given to the rest of the country *(Asian Development Bank)

Current Transportation of Indonesia
- local and central government still have plenty of work to do in order to develop transportation system
- roads function as a traffic shark with lack of intermodal facilities
- Has left other island in terms of development *(Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies)

1964 -Republic Act 4136, also known as the Land Transportation and Traffic Code. The LTC took over the powers and functions of the Motor Vehicle Office.

1972 - A fire caused substantial damage to the original terminal building of the Manila Airport

1981 -The Manila International Airport (MIA) was completed. This 67,000-square meter terminal had a capacity of 4.5 million passengers per year. In 1987, the airport was renamed the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) in honor of former Senator Benigno Aquino who was assassinated on its tarmac in 1983.

Transportation in Philippines - History

Transportation in Philippines - History

1910 - It was also about this time that the first ordinance regulating the use of motor vehicles in Manila (Ordinance 130) was enacted. It imposed a speed limit of 20 miles per hour, along with a warning against frightening horses on city streets.

1920 - Alfredo Carmelo
became the first Filipino
to fly an airplane.

Transportation in Philippines - History

2010 - As response to many reports of sexual harassments in public places, including commuter trains and buses, PT KeretaApi has launched women-only carriages in some commuter trains in Jakarta metropolitan area

May 2013 - Changed women trains to regular trains which at the front and end of the train has a women coach each.

July 2013 - The new Kuala Namu International Airport (KNO) which was opened to the public, the latest landmark and pride to the people of Medan.

Transportation in Indonesia - Present

Geography Stats : Philippines vs Indonesia
Despite the physical barriers that can hamper overall transport development in the country, the Philippines has found ways to create and integrate an extensive transportation system that connects the over 7,000 islands that surround the archipelago, and it has shown that through the Filipinos' ingenuity and creativity, they have created several transport forms that are unique to the country.
History of Transportation – Philippines
2003 - The Strong Republic Nautical Highway, a network of 63 roll-on / roll-off (RORO) ports, was officially opened
Transportation in Philippines - History

The Manila Metro Rail Transit (MRT) officially started operations from North Avenue to Bue`ndia on the main thoroughfare of Epifanio delos Santos (EDSA).The Buendia to Taft Avenue portion of the MRT was completed the following year.
1999 – MRT

1984 - the first elevated railway system in Southeast Asia, the Light Rail Transit (LRT), began operation. The Baclaran to Central Terminal stretch was opened on December 1, 1984, and the second half, from Central Terminal to Monumento, was opened May 12, 1985.

1998 - The 75,000 square-meter terminal had a capacity of 2.5 million passengers per year at its international wing, and 5 million passengers per year at its domestic wing
Transportation in Philippines - History

Transportation in Indonesia - History









The Capital City : Jakarta
Population : 241 million
Cities : 10,186 CITIES
Provinces : 33 provinces
Municipalities : 439 municipalities


Indonesia

2009 - Philippine National Railways (PNR) came back to life

2010 - former President Gloria Arroyo officially inaugurated the extension of the Light Rail Transit 1 (LRT 1.

Transportation in Philippines - History
1900s - This year marked the introduction of the two-wheeled Tartanilla in Cebu. It was a covered carriage pulled by two ponies, with a single seat shared by the cochero and the passenger.
Transportation in Philippines - History

The Capital City : Manila
Population : 92 million
Cities : 143 CITIES
Provinces : 80 provinces
Municipalities : 1491 municipalities

Philippines

2008 - NAIA Terminal 3 opened after years of controversy.
2004 - LRT The first section of Line 2 of the Light Rail Transit
Transportation in Philippines - History

1864 - The first railway track in Indonesia was laid between Semarang and Tanggung—both in Central

1867 - the first railway track in Indonesia was laid between Semarang and Tanggung—both in Central Java and later continued to Yogyakarta. This privately owned line used the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) gauge. Later construction by both private and state railway companies used the 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge.

1894 - the main cities of Java, Jakarta (then Batavia) and Surabaya were already rail-connected. By the 1920s, the system in Java had reached its greatest extent, with most towns and cities connected by rail, with branches and tramways connecting sugar plantations to factories.

1930 - the Great Depression put paid to plans of constructing railway lines in Borneo, Celebes, connecting the lines in Sumatra and electrification of the lines in Java. The Japanese occupation period during the Second World War saw the loss of the standard gauge line and scores of locomotives, being transported to Malaya, Burma and elsewhere.

1953 - the first mainline diesel-electric locomotive was purchased from the United States.

1980 - most mainline services have been dieselized. Electric multiple units were also obtained from Japan
Recah M. Segismundo


Land Transportation of Philippines and Indonesia



Overview
17,500 Islands
437,759 km road network
46% are paved


Indonesia

Priority infrastructure projects with a value of approximately to that of medium to long term development must be implemented up to areas that are not benefiting much from improvement projects.
These projects should comprise of rail, toll roads, water, traditional and renewable energy, airports and other significant projects in the infrastructure space.
PHILIPPINES’ GDP ANNUAL GROWTH RATE
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Philippines expanded 7.50 percent in the second quarter of 2013 over the same quarter of the previous year in which transport, storage and communication contributes 8% to the GDP (trading economics)

Philippines
Overview
Compromised of 215,000 km road system
> 15% national road
> 85% local roads
the Philippines lags well behind nearly all of its regional neighbors and competitors when it comes to the percentage of paved roads and the percentage of roads in good or fair condition

Philippines

INDONESIA GDP ANNUAL GROWTH RATE
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Indonesia expanded 5.81 percent in the second quarter of 2013 over the same quarter of the previous year. GDP Annual Growth Rate in Indonesia is reported by the Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia. From 2000 until 2013, Indonesia GDP Annual Growth Rate averaged 5.4 Percent reaching an all time high of 7.2 Percent in December of 2004 and a record low of 1.6 Percent in December of 2001. Indonesia is the largest economy in South East Asia. Industry accounts for the largest share of GDP (46.5 percent of total GDP).) in which transport and communication accounts to 7% of GDP (trading economics)
Indonesia
Source: KPMG: Investing in Indonesia 2013
(http://www.kpmg.com/ID/en/IssuesAndInsights/ArticlesPublications/Documents/Investing%20in%20Indonesia.pdf)
Indonesia
Recah M. Segismundo


Land Transportation of Philippines and Indonesia

Source: World Economic Forum: The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness
Report 2013 (http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TT_Competitiveness_Report_2013.pdf)

Indonesia
Source: World Economic Forum: The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness
Report 2013 (http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TT_Competitiveness_Report_2013.pdf)

Philippines

1930 - This period marked the introduction of the metered taxi in Manila. Cars were becoming popular and "automobile trucks" were fast displacing carabaos. Buses were called "passenger trucks," most likely because they more closely resembled trucks than present-day buses.

1937 - The Manila International Air Terminal, the first airport in the country, opened at Nielson Field in Makati. The terminal was used by the Philippine Aerial Taxi Company.

1941-1945 - World War II caused tremendous
setbacks: some 621 permanent-type bridges
were either destroyed or damaged, and 3,000
wooden bridges needed replacement. Most
highway and paved surfaces were also destroyed.
World War II resulting in the Philippines using mostly army-type vehicles. The jeep was transformed into the vibrantly hand-painted "jeepney."
Air ransportation
Philippine & Indonesia
Kath Iponla
Air Transport

The main government agency in charge of policy-making body and infrastructure investment is the DOTC.
Airports

The Philippines has a total of 85 national airports, which are classified as
international, trunkline, secondary and feeder airports. There are eight (8)
international airports designated as major gateways to the country. There are
also twelve (12) trunkline airports served by jet aircraft.
Summary of Registered Airport in Philippines
Year
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Airport Map of the Philippines
National
87
84
86
86
86
84
86
87
86
86
86
89
92
85
85
87
87
85
85
85
85
Private
143
143
94
122
133
140
130
162
214
104
180
103
75
87
87
70
87
78
111
118
118
Total
230
227
180
208
219
224
1992
249
300
190
266
192
167
172
172
157
174
163
196
203
203
Source: Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC)
Indonesian Air Transportation
Airlines in Indonesia
The domestic flight network in Indonesia continues to grow extensively; the schedules are in a constant state of flux and the fares are more competitive than they have ever been. Local carriers servicing small routes tend to operate small and dated aircraft, whereas flights heading to Jakarta, Denpasar or other major cities are usually on larger, newer craft.
Water Transportation In Indonesia
KAYSEE Das
Water Transportation in the Philippines
Waterways
3,219 km; limited to shallow-draft (less than 1.5 m) vessels
River ferries
The Pasig River Ferry Service is a river ferry service that serves Metro Manila, it is also the only water-based transportation that cruised the Pasig River. The entire ferry network had 17 stations operational and 2 lines.
Because Philippines it is an island nation, ferry services is an important means of transportation. A range of ships are used, from large cargo ships to small pump boats.
Ports and harbors

The busiest port is the Port of Manila, especially the Manila International Cargo Terminal and the Eva Macapagal Port Terminal, both in the pier area of Manila.
Indonesia, as a nation of more than 17,000 islands depends largely on water transport. Indonesia’s coastline totals 81,000 km on the Indian Ocean, Strait of Malacca, South China Sea, Java Sea, Sulawesi Sea, Maluku Sea, Pacific Ocean, Arafura Sea, Timor Sea, and other smaller seas.
Interisland transportation is critical to domestic commerce. Traditional sailing craft are widely used, but they increasingly are becoming motorized. The merchant fleet is composed of 718 ships of 1,000 gross registered tons or more.
Inland Waterways
There are more than 10,000 km of navigable waterways among 50 river systems. Over half of these rivers are in Kalimantan and the rest in Sumatra.
Ports and Shipping
Indonesia has some 300 public ports scattered over the archipelago. Of these, 43 are international liner service ports; the rest are feeder, and special ports, serving inter-island, lokal (small motorized vessels up to 250 dwt operating in short inter-island or coastal routes) and sailing vessels
WATER TRANSPORTATION
Social Importance
Political Importance
Economic Importance
Importance
Geographical Importance
1. Mobility of Factors of Production 7. Specialization
2. Stable Prices 8. Stimulates Trade
3. Supply of Raw Material 9. Agricultural Development
4. Supply of Manufactured Goods 10. Industrial Development
5. Use of Natural Resources 11. Increase in Employment
6. Extension of Market 12. Income of the state
1. Sound Defense
2. Political Awareness
1. Spread of Education
2. Improves the Sense of Brotherhood
3. Increase in Social Welfare
4. Importance for Emergence
Accessability & Connectivity
Distance Barrier
Sharings
Globalization
Advantages of Globalization
14.
15.
17.
19.
20.
`
=>Transportation is a facility consisting of the means and equipment necessary for the movement of passengers or goods
SWOT ANAYLYSIS
Strengths
Opportunities
Threats
Weaknesses
Domestic market is large, with skilled workforce, High sales growth

Extensive route network, constant increase in mobility of goods and products

Has a diverse mode of transportation

Transportation demand is High

Low productivity, infrastructure is relatively slow

Development is usually centered on key cities only, quality of infrastructure as compared to other foreign countries falls behind.


Not much of the needed resources are being met

Low Availability of Relative Transport Services

Expansion of routes, Optimize resources, development of new infrastructure, Intermodal Integration

New market and growth rates when development is fully implemented

Address and reinforce the integration of Inter-island transport, Improvement of Intermodal Transportation

Improvement on the distribution of Goods and mobilization of people

The prices for developing would be very costly because of expensive infrastructure.
By passing of certain standards just to accommodate the distribution and mobilization process

Government regulations and policies for development, Budget allocation and implementation.
Technological problems to adhere influx of transportation facilities

2004
2007
2013
2010
2001
1998
CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATION
Reforms should be addressed within the component of the different transportation sectors because it is in this area that they will be able to gather vital information in for the administration of future programs.

CONLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
The Philippines and Indonesia being both an Archipelago should address their concern on the development of transportation infrastructures, such as improvement of railroads, highways, seaport and airports. It would be useless if at once they would concentrate on having state of the art equipment if there is no place for them in the transport industry. It should be a step by step process.

CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
iNTERMultimodal transportation is a common problem faced by both countries. Both have weak structures. If they will improve the system such as efficient interconnection between modes of transportation then cost would be minimized and in effect better cost of products. They also should both adapt a Multimodal Transportation.

CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
Efficient transport system is a critical aspect in strengthening the countries’ investment climate. There should be modes of transportation in almost every corner so that good and services can be delivered.

CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATION
Being both having archipelagic settings and with increasing urbanization of its population, the need to connect the islands is very crucial in order for such sustainable development can be achieved.

CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATION
Government projects should well be implemented at all levels to ensure that quality of infrastructure and programs being developed.

Future of Transportation
Full transcript