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EAL Training - Best Practice

Lipson Co-operative Academy, Plymouth, Devon, UK
by

Lukasz Mlodziniak

on 8 January 2018

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Transcript of EAL Training - Best Practice

EAL overview, ideas and strategies
TEACHING STUDENTS WITH
ENGLISH AS AN ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE

China
Angola
Poland
Portugal
Spain
Lithuania
Latvia
Russia
Bangladesh
Pakistan
Nepal
Romania
Hungary
Sudan
Syria
Indonesia
Czech Republic
Malaysia
Eritrea
Albania
Iraq
Iran
EAL
Pupils at
Lipson
Children of established
ethnic

minority
communities in Plymouth
Children of
staff
at Derriford
Hospital
Children of
PhD

students
at Plymouth University
Refugees
and
asylum

seekers
Children of
mixed
nationality
marriages
Children of
EU

Nationals
Things to remember
You are their
English
teacher!
施氏食獅史

石室詩士施氏,嗜獅,誓食十獅。
氏時時適市視獅。
十時,適十獅適市。
是時,適施氏適市。
氏視是十獅,恃矢勢,使是十獅逝世。
氏拾是十獅屍,適石室。
石室濕,氏使侍拭石室。
石室拭,氏始試食是十獅。
食時,始識是十獅屍,實十石獅屍。
試釋是事。
Can you hear this?
Chinese poem:
Homophones

to extreme level
Shī Shì shí shī shǐ

Shíshì shīshì Shī Shì, shì shī, shì shí shí shī.
Shì shíshí shì shì shì shī.
Shí shí, shì shí shī shì shì.
Shì shí, shì Shī Shì shì shì.
Shì shì shì shí shī, shì shǐ shì, shǐ shì shí shī shìshì.
Shì shí shì shí shī shī, shì shíshì.
Shíshì shī, Shì shǐ shì shì shíshì.
Shíshì shì, Shì shǐ shì shí shì shí shī.
Shí shí, shǐ shí shì shí shī shī, shí shí shí shī shī.
Shì shì shì shì.
Lion-Eating Poet in the Stone Den

In a stone den was a poet called Shi, who was a lion addict, and had resolved to eat ten lions.
He often went to the market to look for lions.
At ten o'clock, ten lions had just arrived at the market.
At that time, Shi had just arrived at the market.
He saw those ten lions, and using his trusty arrows, caused the ten lions to die.
He brought the corpses of the ten lions to the stone den.
The stone den was damp. He asked his servants to wipe it.
After the stone den was wiped, he tried to eat those ten lions.
When he ate, he realized that these ten lions were in fact ten stone lion corpses.
Try to explain this matter.
Beginners
in English are not able
to hear

all words when you speak
, they can't even establish when one word finishes and other word starts...
“The bilingual student’s
FIRST

LANGUAGE
has a
significant
and continuing
role
in the
learning
process and in the
development

of

English
”.
The role of the first language…
Continue to encourage EAL students to use their first language in learning, it will help them to understand things better…
A language development of 13 Y.O:
At
first Day
of Arrival to the UK
First language
age of
13
English language
age of
0
Language development:
10 years later...
First language
age of
13
Teaching New Language
When learning new
words,
EAL pupils need to:

1-2 years
for
basic
interpersonal
communication
skills - a simple conversation in English

5-7 years
for cognitive
academic
language
proficiency
, an ability to
read
and fully
understand
content of
textbooks
.
How

long
does it take to
learn
a
second

language
?
Prof. Stephen Krashen: ‘
Comprehensible input

Students
who
can’t speak
the language seems to be...
emotionless
Their
individuality
uncovers with
development
of their
second language (English)
...
How to teach EAL students?
Maintain eye contact.
Always begin a conversation starting with their first name to get their attention.
Abdul
could you…
When
speaking
to an EAL student:
'Take your jacket off and sit down, please!'
'Young lady, would you kindly remove your outer garment and find yourself a spare seat, please?'
Keep all
instructions

short
and
simple
...
Students might be
confused
with
some
of your
instructions


Take
a pen…’

Take
a card…’

Take
a seat…’
See them…
* Say: ‘
Hello!

* Ask: ‘
How was your weekend?

* Learn how to
pronounce
their
name
... properly.
Create
interaction
between pupils during a lesson…

* Ask them to
collect
books, equipment, worksheets, etc.
* Use them to
demonstrate
things.
* Refer to
their

language
(‘How do you say that in your language?)
* Refer to their
nationality
or
country
if you can.
* Give them
time to reply
to your question!





Multisensory

approach
’ to learning
Hot and cold
Sweet and sour
Loud and quiet
For beginners in English:
Use

gestures
– the
full

body action
if necessary
to

explain

something
:
Open the book
Close the book
Stop
Well done!
Sit down
Quiet
If you want EAL students to
write
important
notes
in their books:
Teach students that:
THEY MUST
COPY
EVERYTHING WHAT IS
UNDERLINED
Underline
all the important information
Allow them to
take

notes
in their
first language
.
Homework
: To translate notes to English.
Provide
access
to a
computer
/laptop, allow them to use their
mobile

phones
for
translation
,
research
, etc.
Try to create ideal
learning

environment
in a classroom (e.g. small group learning) ‘
comprehensible

output

And that’s it…

They can use
Google
,
Ask
,
Wikipedia
,
etc., to
translate
questions themselves,
find answers
in their language and
hand write
their
answers
in English after translation.
'4 questions'
*
Spelling
of the key words
*
Translation
of the key words
*
Simplified
homework
*
Translation
of notes in first language to English
Homework differentiation:
Use
pictures
,
symbols
to explain more complicated vocabulary:
Melting:
melting
Weather:
weather
Onomatopoeia:
cat
table
words
splat
roar
Onomatopoeia
Use Scaffolding:
Sun
Man
Ball
Tall
Key
Tree
Band
Sand
Task: Write a
poem
about desert island.
L.O. What is a
rhyme
?
Rhymes
There is a sun.
There is a man.
He kicks a ball.
He is quite tall.
He found a key.
Next to a big tree.
We hear the band.
Playing on the sand.
Ammonia (5)

Nitrogen (6)
Hydrogen (5)

Reversible (13)
Pressure (8) Temperature (9)
Yield (20)

Catalyst (6)
Iron (4)
Profit (7)
Wasted (11)
Dangerous (9)
Compromise (25)
Explain what is the Haber Process.
Extended
writing
or homework
vocabulary

score
A Student have to answer a question using
key words
A Teacher informs what is the
minimum

number

of

points

to achieve in this task.
To get points, they have to
use

words

correctly.
EAL Student
Exit

Card
Exit Card of Tomek Polski:

Answer all questions to leave the room at the end of the lesson:
Write definition of:
Flood plain………………………………
Drainage basin ……………………….
Evaporation ……………………………

Draw a diagram of water cycle below:
Student need to fill in a form which contains
basic information
linked with a topic of the lesson or explanation of key words from the lesson:
Water Cycle?
Filling in gaps in sentences (
cloze

activities
).

Example
:
The reporter insisted that the letter he used was authentic. He said that he had shown it to many experts before he used it in his story.’

When something is authentic, it’s __________.
a. genuine, or real

b. carefully written

c. full of tasty worms

d. very old
Labeling
: diagrams, sketches and pictures in English and/or first language.
Sorting
: listing key words in alphabetical order; writing ‘true’ or ‘false’ about a sentence.
A boy is cooking.
A girl is running.
The door is open.
True □ False □
True □ False □
True □ False □
* ‘
A word of the day
’.
*
Putting
words in alphabetical order
.
* Finding a
definition/meaning of a word.
Dictionary activities
using both
English
and
bilingual

dictionaries
, e.g.:
Copying

key

words
from the board or a prepared sheet of key words and phrases to translate and refer to.
Compiling

picture

glossary
of vocabulary related to the subject (at the back of their books).
Most of the
pages are translated into many languages
, there is a '
Simple English
' version of a page as well!
Work out the price of blackberry jam.
Nigeria
Ecuador
Brazil
If your student
looks
like this...
You have to make your
instruction
,
comment
or
question

simpler
or
rephrase them
, using
different

words
or expression.
Give them a chance to use
more than one of their senses to learn
:
hearing, feeling, tasting, smelling, seeing.
Do not hesitate to give an EAL student
extra

homework
!
Body first line of defense
Heart disease: risks
First line of defense
Eyes
: tears antiseptic
Ears
: wax is antibacterial
Stomach
: contains acid
Skin
: sweat glands
Matching
pictures
with
key

words
Obesity
alcohol
smoking
unhealthy diet
Can be used as a
revision
of known
vocabulary

or a
starter activity:
Task for a student:
Translate the instruction below using google translation/pictures:
Encourage students to bring their own dictionaries...
Parents

vs

teachers

point of view on an EAL pupil

learning

at

school
:
EAL

parents

want their child to
learn to speak English
.
In their mind schools are perceived as
language

schools
.
Teachers
want their students to
learn

Science
,
Maths
,
History
,
Geography
and
English
...
in English
.
Is it possible to
teach

despite
of the
language barrier
?
George
was small and smart.
Lennie
was big and strong
It is
difficult
to
follow the plot
of a film or a book when
names
of all characters are
not familiar
to your language...
How many of us
remember
the
names

of

characters
in foreign films or books?
Li Mu Bai
Yu Shu Lien
Jiao Long
Luo Xiaohu
Remember
:
Pre-teaching
-
Preparing
pupils for the following lesson
is more
effective
than revising a lesson which was not understood...
First

Language

skills
are like
a Swiss Army Knife
of
language

tools
and
knowledge
.
Some EAL students have a
few 'tools'
Some have
a lot... of 'potential
'
.
Dictionary
definition
:
TAKE
/tāk/
Verb
To hold of (something) with one's hands;
reach for and hold.
Turn
subtitles

on
when watching a film, documentary or TV program...
They have to
learn

English

language
to use those tools...
It
helps
EAL students to
follow the storyline
, learn to
spell words
.
It is really
difficult to
understand some
accents
...
Students
may not be able to follow
the content of your lesson without
picture prompts
...
In stead of :
Because...
Poem
But it
does not work well
all the time...
Sometimes you may need to
use

google images
to
explain
each
new

word
to a student.
Use
pictures
in your
presentations
so students will

have a
better

understanding

of

the

topic
of a lesson…
EAL students RS test and Science coursework
A
Polish student, 1 month in the UK
,
Step 2 Spoken English at start
(
limited speaking level
).
Her 1st RS test:
100% correct
answers,
the very
first one
to complete the test
in a group over 20 Yr10 pupils...
You can have only a simple conversation with her in English...
A
Hungarian student, 3 months in the UK
.
Step 1 of spoken English at start.
Her Science GCSE coursework.
She still 'can't' speak English...
They
don't
know what to do in
your
lesson!
Students that have been in the UK
for less than 3 years

are titled to

10% more
time during GCSE exams
and
sometimes
access
to a bilingual dictionary.
Who was
Jiao Long
?
WIKI helps students to understand the meaning of a
key word
, as well as gives them the opportunity to read
a context of the topic
in both English and their
own language
.
Use

Wikipedia
!
Take
a bow.
There are
many cloze activities ready
for you on internet
Example of
EAL

friendly
worksheet
Students know what to do, and there are levels differentiation.
Prof. Sugata Mitra - Technology in schools
Am I speaking too fast?
Activate
student's
first

language

in

learning
process.
How long does it take to make
a simple
resource
for an
EAL

Pupil
?
Let's do it in a '
foreign

language'
:
Foreign Language resources in less than 10 s
1. Search a topic on Wikipedia
2. Click download as PDF format
3. Click
download
the file
2. Click a line with
PDF
format
3. Choose one or two columns PDF.
See
a word

Hear
a word

Read
a word

Write
a word
Put a word in a
sentence
.

Revise
a word
Use a word in
another context
.
Beginners
in English
1. Give EAL students
4 questions
linked with the
topic
of your
lesson
, printed on a sheet of paper.

2. Provide an
access
to a
book
,
computer
,
laptop
or allow them to use their
mobile phones
.

3. Give them
limited time
(e.g. 15 minutes) to complete each question.
I have been carefully trained by:
Captain

Obvious
, so many ideas are... you are correct:
FLIPPING

OBVIOUS
.
Interact with EAL pupils
4. Hit Print and that's it!
...3, 2, 1, GO!
Thank You
Captain Obvious!
First language
stopped developing
the day he/she left his/her home country
English language
age of
23
FLIPPED CLASSROOM
- NOT FLIPPING CLASSROOM
Usain Bolt style!
I'm NOT reinventing the wheel...
Where are
Lipson
EAL students from?
Chinese writing
Phonetic spelling
Hear the sounds and watch the translation
All strategies
that will be good for EAL students
will be
beneficial
to
ALL

pupils
...






Differentiation for EAL pupils is
not always

the best solution...
How long does it take to make a
differentiated

resource for EAL pupil
?






How long
does it take for
EAL pupil to
complete
this task
?
Is this slide good for an EAL pupil?
1.
Change
the
language
.
You know how to do it already!
What is a finch?
From September 2016 the Government requires
additional data
from
all
pupils:

First name and surname
Date of birth
Ethnicity
First Language
Home Language
Religion
Country of Birth
National Identity (from a passport)
Level of English

What is the right workload balance?








Student 'working' hard
vs
teacher 'working' hard
A student may use
post it
note
to
write
an answer.
Over 30 Languages spoken at Lipson
Or:

In secondary school age:
a grocery
slip
...
Then click
download
GCSE English Literature
EAL Students can
read
Graphic Novels
Or you can
download
classic
novels
in their
first language
,
e.g Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, etc.
FREE Offline App
Google Translate
Use Their First Language:
Use the
images
of the characters!
How many people can sing a foreign language song?
I'm trying to highlight t
he useful ideas
[...]Fine
slips from grocery
shops
that say how much was sold
and what was paid by credit card
might fly our lives like paper kites.[...]
Imtiaz Dharker 'Tissue'
From AQA GCSE Poetry Cluster
Making
POSTERS
- introducing
new vocabulary or revision lesson
Knowing that you have EAL pupils in your class, you can ask
all students
to have
key words in TWO LANGUAGES
You sit and
relax
All
students

teach

EAL pupils

key vocabulary
, by asking to translate each key word multiple times.
What is a
Italy
Germany
Ivory Coast
Try to listen carefully and pick up changes to
pitch
,
intonation
and
accent
of the poem.
Shall I speak slowly?
Should I talk louder?
Sometimes their support may stop when their child will start to 'speak English'.
Or this one:
Vocabulary list (with
points
)
What if...
We
separate
the
idea
of
learning
into:
learning to SPEAK English
learning
the
CURRICULUM
Learning to
speak
will take time (
1-2 years
), cognitive
academic proficiency 5-7 years
Students can
learn
the
curriculum
using their

First Language
They could
learn

Maths
,
Science
,
Geography
,
History
,
Literature

using L1
until their level of English will be on a level to allow lesson
independence
.
England
EAL students understand each
word separately
, then they try to
guess
the meaning of the
phrase
.
Or rather a
teacher
of
English
a lesson
routine
is important
'Can you tell me... ?'
Give them
time
to
think
, and
answer
the question
The true
finches
are small to medium-sized passerine birds in the family Fringillidae. Finches have stout conical bills adapted for eating seeds and often have colourful plumage.
VS
You can do a resource in 'Simple English'!
Full transcript