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EAL Training - Best Practice

Lipson Co-operative Academy, Plymouth, Devon, UK
by

Lukasz Mlodziniak

on 18 October 2016

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Transcript of EAL Training - Best Practice

EAL overview, ideas and strategies
TEACHING STUDENTS WITH
ENGLISH AS AN ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE

China
Angola
Poland
Portugal
Spain
Lithuania
Latvia
Russia
Bangladesh
Pakistan
Nepal
Romania
Hungary
Algeria
Uganda
Syria
Palestine
Czech Republic
Georgia
Morocco
Malaysia
Kurdistan
Albania
Iraq
Where are Lipson EAL students from?
Iran
EAL
Pupils at
Lipson
Children of established ethnic minority communities in Plymouth
Children of medical staff at Derriford
Children of students at the university
Refugees and asylum seekers
Children of mixed nationality marriages
Children of EU Nationals
Things to remember
You are their
English
teacher!
施氏食獅史

石室詩士施氏,嗜獅,誓食十獅。
氏時時適市視獅。
十時,適十獅適市。
是時,適施氏適市。
氏視是十獅,恃矢勢,使是十獅逝世。
氏拾是十獅屍,適石室。
石室濕,氏使侍拭石室。
石室拭,氏始試食是十獅。
食時,始識是十獅屍,實十石獅屍。
試釋是事。
Can you hear this?
Chinese poem:
Homophones
to extreme level
Shī Shì shí shī shǐ

Shíshì shīshì Shī Shì, shì shī, shì shí shí shī.
Shì shíshí shì shì shì shī.
Shí shí, shì shí shī shì shì.
Shì shí, shì Shī Shì shì shì.
Shì shì shì shí shī, shì shǐ shì, shǐ shì shí shī shìshì.
Shì shí shì shí shī shī, shì shíshì.
Shíshì shī, Shì shǐ shì shì shíshì.
Shíshì shì, Shì shǐ shì shí shì shí shī.
Shí shí, shǐ shí shì shí shī shī, shí shí shí shī shī.
Shì shì shì shì.
Lion-Eating Poet in the Stone Den

In a stone den was a poet called Shi, who was a lion addict, and had resolved to eat ten lions.
He often went to the market to look for lions.
At ten o'clock, ten lions had just arrived at the market.
At that time, Shi had just arrived at the market.
He saw those ten lions, and using his trusty arrows, caused the ten lions to die.
He brought the corpses of the ten lions to the stone den.
The stone den was damp. He asked his servants to wipe it.
After the stone den was wiped, he tried to eat those ten lions.
When he ate, he realized that these ten lions were in fact ten stone lion corpses.
Try to explain this matter.
Beginners
in English are not able
to hear

all words when you speak
, they can't even establish when one word finishes and other word starts...
“The bilingual student’s
FIRST LANGUAGE
has a
significant
and continuing
role
in the
learning
process and in the
development

of

English
”.
The role of the first language…
Continue to encourage EAL students to use their first language in learning, it will help them to understand things better…
Language development:
At first Day of Arrival to the UK

First language age of
13
English language age of
0
Language development:
10 years later...
First language age of
13
English age of
23
Teaching New Language
When learning new
words,
EAL pupils need to:

1-2 years
for basic interpersonal communication skills - a simple conversation in English

5-7 years
for cognitive academic language proficiency, an ability to read and understand school textbooks.
How

long
does it take to learn a second language?
Prof. Stephen Krashen: ‘
Comprehensible input

Students who can’t speak the language seems to be...
emotionless
Their individuality uncovers with development of their second language...
How to teach EAL students?
Maintain eye contact.
Always begin a conversation starting with their first name to get their attention.
Lukasz can you …
When speaking to an EAL student:
'Take your jacket off and sit down, please!'
'Young lady, would you kindly remove your outer garment and find yourself a spare seat, please?'
Keep all
instructions

short
and
simple
...
Students might be
confused
with
some
of your instructions…

Take
a pen…’

Take
a card…’

Take
a seat…’
See them…
* Say: ‘
Hello!

* Ask: ‘
How was your weekend?

* Learn how to pronounce their name...
Create interaction between pupils during a lesson…


* Ask them to
collect
books, equipment, worksheets, etc.
* Use them to
demonstrate
things.
* Refer to
their

language
(‘How do you say that in your language?)
* Refer to their
nationality
or
country
if you can.
* Give them
time to reply
to your question!

Multisensory

approach
’ to learning
Hot and cold
Sweet and sour
Loud and quiet
For beginners in English:
Use

gestures
– the
full

body

action
if necessary
to

explain

something
:
Open the book
Close the book
Stop
Well done!
Sit down
Quiet
If you want EAL students to
write important note in their books:
Teach them that
THEY MUST COPY EVERYTHING WHAT IS UNDERLINED
Underline all the important information
Allow them to take notes in their
first language
.
Homework: To translate notes to English.
Provide
access
to a computer/laptop, allow them to use their mobile phones for
translation
,
research
, etc.
Try to create ideal
learning

environment
in a classroom (e.g. small group learning) ‘
comprehensible

output

And that’s it…

They can use
Google, Ask, Wikipedia,
etc., to translate questions themselves, find answers in their language and
hand write
their answers in English after translation.
4 questions
*
Spelling
of the key words
*
Translation
of the key words
*
Simplified
homework
*
Translation
of notes in first language to English
Homework differentiation:
Use
pictures
,
symbols
to explain more complicated vocabulary:
Melting:
melting
Weather:
weather
Onomatopoeia:
cat
table
words
splat
roar
Onomatopoeia
Use Scaffolding:
Sun
Man
Ball
Tall
Key
Tree
Band
Sand
There is a sun.
There is a man.
He kicks a ball.
He is quite tall.
He found a key.
Next to a big tree.
We hear the band.
Playing on the sand.
Task: Write a poem about desert island.
L.O. What is a rhyme?
Rhymes
Key Words (with points):

Ammonia (5)

Nitrogen (6)
Hydrogen (5)

Reversible (13)
Pressure (8) Temperature (9)
Yield (20)

Catalyst (6)
Iron (4)
Profit (7)
Wasted (11)
Dangerous (9)
Compromise (25)
Explain what is the Haber Process.
Extended writing or homework
vocabulary

score
A Student have to answer a question using
key words
A Teacher informs what is the
minimum

number

of

points
to achieve in this task.
To get points, they have to
use

words

correctly.
EAL Student
Exit

Card
Student need to fill in a form which contains
basic information
linked with a topic of the lesson or explanation of key words from the lesson:
Exit Card of Tomek Polski:

Answer all questions to leave the room at the end of the lesson:
Write definition of:
Flood plain………………………………
Drainage basin ……………………….
Evaporation ……………………………

Draw a diagram of water cycle below:
Water Cycle?
Filling in gaps in sentences (
cloze

activities
).
‘Example:
The reporter insisted that the letter he used was authentic. He said that he had shown it to many experts before he used it in his story.’

When something is authentic, it’s __________.
a. genuine, or real b. carefully written c. full of tasty worms d. very old
Labeling
: diagrams, sketches and pictures in English and/or first language.
Sorting
: listing key words in alphabetical order; writing ‘true’ or ‘false’ about a sentence.
A boy is cooking.
A girl is running.
The door is open.
True □ False □
True □ False □
True □ False □
* ‘
A word of the day
’.
*
Putting
words in alphabetical order
.
* Finding a
definition/meaning of a word.
Dictionary activities using both
English
and
bilingual

dictionaries
, e.g.:
Copying

key

words
from the board or a prepared sheet of key words and phrases to translate and refer to.
Compiling

picture

glossary
of vocabulary related to the subject (at the back of their books).
Most of the
pages are translated into many languages
, there is a '
Simple English
' version of the page as well!
WIKI helps students to understand the meaning of a
key word
, as well as gives them the opportunity to read
a context of the topic
in both English and their own language.
Work out the price of blackberry jam.
Congo
Ecuador
Brazil
If your student looks like that...
You have to make your
instructions
,
comments
or
questions

simpler
or
rephrase them
, using
different

words
or expressions.
Give them a chance to use
more than one of their senses to learn
:
hearing, feeling, tasting, smelling, seeing.
Do not hesitate to give an EAL student
extra

homework
!
Body first line of defense
Heart disease: risk
First line of defense
Eyes: tears antiseptic
Ears: wax is antibacterial
Stomach: contains acid
Skin: sweat glands
Matching
pictures
with
key

words
Obesity
alcohol
smoking
unhealthy diet
Can be used as a revision of known vocabulary
or a starter activity
Task for a student:
Translate the instruction below using google translation/pictures:
Encourage students to bring their own dictionaries...
Parents
vs
teachers
point of view on an EAL pupil
learning

at

school
:
EAL

parents
want their child to learn to
speak English
.
In their mind schools are perceived as
language

schools
.
Teachers
want their students to learn
Science
,
Maths
,
History
,
Geography
and
English
...
in English
.
Is it possible to teach despite of the language barrier?
George was small and smart.
Lennie was big and strong
It is difficult to
follow the plot
of a film or a book when all names of all characters are
not familiar
to your language...
How many of us
remember
the
names

of

characters
in foreign films?
Li Mu Bai
Yu Shu Lien
Jiao Long
Luo Xiaohu
Remember
:
Pre-teaching
-
Preparing

pupils

for

the

following

lesson
is more effective than revising a lesson which was not understood...
First

Language

skills
are like
a Swiss Army Knife
of
language

tools
and
knowledge
.
Some EAL students have a
few tools
Some have
a lot... of potential
.
Dictionary definition:
TAKE

/tāk/
Verb
To hold of (something) with one's hands;
reach for and hold.
Turn
subtitles

on
when watching a film, documentary or TV program...
They have to
learn

English

language
to use those tools...
It
helps
EAL students to
follow the story
,
learn to
spell words
.
It is really
difficult to
understand some accents
...
Students
might not be able to follow
the content of your lesson without
picture prompts
...
In stead of :
Because...
Poem
But it
does not work

well
all the time...
Sometimes you need to use
google images
to
explain
a
new

word
to a student.
Use
pictures
in your PowerPoint
presentations
so students will

have a
better

understanding

of

the

topic
of a lesson…
EAL students RS test and Science coursework
A
Polish student, 1 month in the UK
,
Step 2 Spoken English at start
(
limited speaking level
).
Her 1st RS test:
100% correct
answers,
the very
first one
to complete the test
in a group over 20 yr 9/10 pupils...
You still not able to have a simple conversation with her in English...
A
Hungarian student, 3 months in the UK
.
Step 1 of spoken English at start (
no English
).
Her Science GCSE coursework.
She still can't speak English...
They
don't
know what to do in
your
lesson!
Students that have been in the UK
for less than 2 years

are titled to
25% more time during GCSE exams
and

access
to bilingual dictionary.
Who was
Jiao Long
?
Use

Wikipedia
!
Take
a bow.
There are
many cloze activities ready
for you on internet
Example of
EAL

friendly
worksheet
Students know what to do, and there are levels differentiation.
Prof. Sugata Mitra - Technology in schools
The first rule is:
Speak clearly, please...
Activate
student's
first

language

in

learning
process.
How long does it take to make
a
resource
for
EAL

Pupil
?
Let's do it in a '
foreign

language'
:
Foreign Language resources in less than 10 s
1. Search a topic in Wikipedia
2. Click download as PDF format
3. Click download the file
4. That's it!
2. Click PDF letters
3. Click the highlighted line.
See a word
Hear a word
Read a word
Write a word
Put a word in a sentence.
Revise a word
Use a word in another context.
Beginners in English
1. Give EAL students
4 questions linked with the topic of your lesson
, printed on a sheet of paper.

2. Provide an
access to a book, computer, laptop
or allow them to use their mobile phones.

3. You give them
limited time
(15 minutes) to complete each question.
I have been carefully trained by:
Captain

Obvious
, so many ideas are... you are correct:
FLIPPING

OBVIOUS
.
Interact with EAL pupils
5. ... and click
...3, 2, 1, GO!
Thank You
Captain Obvious!
First language
stopped developing
FLIPPED CLASSROOM
- NOT FLIPPING CLASSROOM
Usain Bolt style!
I'm not reinventing the wheel...
Chinese writing
Phonetic spelling
Hear the sounds and watch the translation
All strategies
that will be good for EAL students
will be beneficial to
ALL

pupils
...






Differentiation for EAL pupils is not always the best solution...
How long does it take to make a
differentiated

resource for EAL pupil
?






How long does it take for
EAL pupil to complete this task
?
Is this appealing to an EAL pupil?
water Cycle
1. Change the language.
You know how to do it already!
What is a finch?
From September 2016 the Government requires
additional data
from
all
pupils:

First name and surname
Date of birth
Ethnicity
First Language
Home Language
Religion
Country of Birth
National Identity (from passport)
Level of English

What is the right workload balance?








Student working hard vs teacher working hard
A student may use post it note to answer a question!
Full transcript