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EAL Training - Best Practice

Lipson Co-operative Academy, Plymouth, Devon, UK
by

Lukasz Mlodziniak

on 8 March 2016

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Transcript of EAL Training - Best Practice

EAL overview and strategies
SUPPORTING STUDENTS WITH ENGLISH AS AN ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE
China
Angola
Poland
Portugal
Spain
Lithuania
Latvia
Russia
Bangladesh
Pakistan
Nepal
Romania
Hungary
Algeria
Uganda
Syria
Jordan
Czech Republic
Georgia
Morocco
Malaysia
Kurdistan
Albania
Iraq
Where are Lipson EAL students from?
Iran
EAL
Pupils in
Plymouth Schools
Children of established ethnic minority communities in Plymouth
Children of medical staff at Derriford
Children of students at the university
Refugees and asylum seekers
Children of mixed nationality marriages
Children of EU Nationals
Things to remember
You are their
English
teacher!
施氏食獅史

石室詩士施氏,嗜獅,誓食十獅。
氏時時適市視獅。
十時,適十獅適市。
是時,適施氏適市。
氏視是十獅,恃矢勢,使是十獅逝世。
氏拾是十獅屍,適石室。
石室濕,氏使侍拭石室。
石室拭,氏始試食是十獅。
食時,始識是十獅屍,實十石獅屍。
試釋是事。
Chinese poem:
Homophones
to Extreme level
Shī Shì shí shī shǐ

Shíshì shīshì Shī Shì, shì shī, shì shí shí shī.
Shì shíshí shì shì shì shī.
Shí shí, shì shí shī shì shì.
Shì shí, shì Shī Shì shì shì.
Shì shì shì shí shī, shì shǐ shì, shǐ shì shí shī shìshì.
Shì shí shì shí shī shī, shì shíshì.
Shíshì shī, Shì shǐ shì shì shíshì.
Shíshì shì, Shì shǐ shì shí shì shí shī.
Shí shí, shǐ shí shì shí shī shī, shí shí shí shī shī.
Shì shì shì shì.
Lion-Eating Poet in the Stone Den

In a stone den was a poet called Shi, who was a lion addict, and had resolved to eat ten lions.
He often went to the market to look for lions.
At ten o'clock, ten lions had just arrived at the market.
At that time, Shi had just arrived at the market.
He saw those ten lions, and using his trusty arrows, caused the ten lions to die.
He brought the corpses of the ten lions to the stone den.
The stone den was damp. He asked his servants to wipe it.
After the stone den was wiped, he tried to eat those ten lions.
When he ate, he realized that these ten lions were in fact ten stone lion corpses.
Try to explain this matter.
施氏食獅史

石室詩士施氏,嗜獅,誓食十獅。
氏時時適市視獅。
十時,適十獅適市。
是時,適施氏適市。
氏視是十獅,恃矢勢,使是十獅逝世。
氏拾是十獅屍,適石室。
石室濕,氏使侍拭石室。
石室拭,氏始試食是十獅。
食時,始識是十獅屍,實十石獅屍。
試釋是事。
Beginners in English are not able
to hear
all words when you speak, they can't even establish when one word finishes and other word starts...
“The bilingual student’s first language has a significant and continuing role in the learning and in the development of English”.
The role of the first language…
Continue to encourage EAL students to use their first language in learning, it will help them to understand things better…
Language development
Day of Arrival to the UK

First language age of
13
English language age of
0
10 years later...
First language age of
13
English age of
23
Teaching New Language
When learning new
words,
EAL pupils need to:
See a word
Hear a word
Read a word
Write a word
Put a word in a sentence
Revise a word
Use a word in another context
1-2 years for basic interpersonal communication skills
5-7 years for cognitive academic language proficiency
How long does it take to learn a second language?
‘Comprehensible input’
Students who can’t speak the language seems to be...
emotionless
Their individuality uncovers with development of their second language...
How to support EAL students?
Maintain eye contact.
Always begin a conversation starting with their first name to get their attention.
Lukasz can you …
When speaking to EAL student:
'Take your jacket off and sit down, please!'
'Young lady, would you kindly remove your outer garment and find yourself a spare seat, please?'
Keep all instruction
short
and
simple
...
Students might be
confused
with
some
of your instructions…

Take
a pen…’

Take
a card…’

Take
a seat…’
See them…
* Say: ‘
Hello!

* Ask: ‘
How was your weekend?

* Learn how to pronounce their name...
Interact with them during a lesson…
* Ask them to
collect
books, equipment, worksheets, etc.
* Use them to
demonstrate
things.
* Refer to their language (‘How do you say that in your language?)
* Refer to their nationality or country if you can.
* Give them
time to reply
to your question!
‘Multisensory approach’
Hot and cold
Sweet and sour
Loud and quiet
For beginners in English:
Use gestures– the full body action if necessary to explain something:
Open the book
Close the book
Stop
Well done!
Sit down
Quiet
If you want EAL students to write important note in their book:
Teach them that
THEY MUST COPY EVERYTHING WHAT IS UNDERLINED
Underline all the important information
Allow them to take notes in their
first language
.
Homework: To translate notes to English.
Provide
access
to a computer/laptop, allow them to use their mobile phones for translation, research, etc.
Try to create ideal learning environment in a classroom (e.g. small group learning) ‘comprehensible output’
1. Give EAL students
4 questions linked with the topic of your lesson
, printed on a sheet of paper.
2. Provide an
access to a book, computer, laptop
or allow them to use their mobile phones.
3. You
give them limited time
(15 minutes) to complete each question.

And that’s it…

They can use
Google, Ask, Wikipedia,
etc., to translate questions themselves, find answers in their language and
hand write
their answers in English after translation.
4 questions
*
Spelling
of the key words
*
Translation
of the key words
*
Simplified
homework
*
Translation
of notes in first language to English
Homework differentiation:
Use pictures, symbols to explain more complicated vocabulary:
Melting:
melting
Weather:
weather
Onomatopoeia:
cat
table
words
splat
roar
Onomatopoeia
How to work with EAL students?
Use Scaffolding:
Sun
Man
Ball
Tall
Key
Tree
Band
Sand
There is a sun.
There is a man.
He kicks a ball.
He is quite tall.
He found a key.
Next to a big tree.
We hear the band.
Playing on the sand.
Task: Write a poem about desert island.
L.O. What is a rhyme?
Rhymes
Key Words (with points):

Ammonia (5)

Nitrogen (6)
Hydrogen (5)

Reversible (13)
Pressure (8) Temperature (9)
Yield (20)

Catalyst (6)
Iron (4)
Profit (7)
Wasted (11)
Dangerous (9)
Compromise (25)
Explain what is the Haber Process.
Extended writing or homework vocabulary score
A Student have to answer a question using
key words
A Teacher informs what is the minimum number of points to achieve in this task.
To get points, they have to use words
correctly.
EAL Student Exit Card
Student need to fill in a form which contains
basic information
linked with a topic of the lesson or explanation of key words from the lesson:
Exit Card of Tomek Polski:

Answer all questions to leave the room at the end of the lesson:
Write definition of:
Flood plain………………………………
Drainage basin ……………………….
Evaporation ……………………………

Draw a diagram of water cycle below:
Water Cycle?
Filling in gaps in sentences (cloze activities).
‘The reporter insisted that the letter he used was authentic. He said that he had shown it to many experts before he used it in his story.’

When something is authentic, it’s __________.
a. genuine, or real b. carefully written c. full of tasty worms d. very old
Labeling: diagrams, sketches and pictures in English and/or first language.
Sorting: listing key words in alphabetical order; writing ‘true’ or ‘false’ about a sentence.
A boy is cooking.
A girl is running.
The door is open.
True □ False □
True □ False □
True □ False □
* ‘A word of the day’.
* Putting words in alphabetical order.
* Finding a meaning of a word.
Dictionary activities using both English and bilingual dictionaries, e.g.:
Copying key words from the board or a prepared sheet of key words and phrases to translate and refer to.
Compiling a picture glossary of vocabulary related to the subject (at the back of their books).
Use the Wikipedia
Most of the pages are translated into many languages, there is a '
Simple English
' version of the page as well!
It helps students to understand the meaning of a
key word
, as well as gives them the opportunity to read
a context of the topic
in both English and their own language.
Work out the price of blackberry jam.
Congo
Ecuador
Malta
Brunei
Brazil
If a pupil looks like that...
You have to make your instruction, comment or question
simpler
or
rephrase it
, using different words or expressions.
Give them a chance to use more than one of their senses to learn:
hearing, feeling, tasting, smelling, seeing.
Do not hesitate to give an EAL student
extra homework!
Body first line of defense
Heart disease: risk
First line of defense
Eyes: tears antiseptic
Ears: wax is antibacterial
Stomach: contains acid
Skin: sweat glands
Matching pictures with key words
Obesity
alcohol
smoking
unhealthy diet
Can be used as a revision of known vocabulary
Task for a student:
Translate the instruction below using google translation/pictures:
Encourage students to bring their own dictionaries...
Parents and teachers point of view on an EAL pupil learning at school:
EAL parents want their child to learn to
speak English
.
Teachers want their students to learn Science, Maths, History, Geography and English...
in English
.
Is it possible to teach despite of the language barrier?
George was small and quick.
Lennie was big and strong
It is difficult to
follow the plot
of a film or a book when all names of characters are
not familiar
to your language...
How many of us remember the names of characters in foreign films?
Li Mu Bai
Yu Shu Lien
Jiao Long
Luo Xiaohu
Remember:
Pre-teaching
for the following lesson
is better than revising a lesson which was not understood...
First Language skills are like
a Swiss Army Knife
of
language

tools
and
knowledge
.
Some EAL students have a few tools
Some have a lot... of potential.
Dictionary definition:

TAKE

/tāk/
Verb
To hold of (something) with one's hands;
reach for and hold.
Turn
subtitles

on
when watching a film, documentary or TV program...
They have to learn English language to use those tools...
It helps EAL students to follow the story.
It is really difficult to understand some accents...
Students might not be able to follow the content of your lesson without
picture prompts
...
In stead of :
Because...
Poem
But it does not work well all the time...
Sometimes you need to use
google images
to explain a new word to a student.
Use
pictures
in your PowerPoint presentations so students will

have a better understanding of the topic of a lesson…
EAL students RS test and Science coursework
A Polish student, 1 month in the UK,
Step 2 Spoken English at start
(limited speaking level).
Her 1st RS test:
100% correct
answers,
the very
first one
to complete the test
in a group over 20 yr 9/10 pupils...
You still not able to have a simple conversation with her in English...
A Hungarian student, 3 months in the UK.
Step 1 of spoken English at start (no English).
Her Science GCSE coursework.
She still can't speak English...
They
don't
know what to do in
your
lesson!
Students that have been in the UK for less than 2 years are titled to 20% more time during GCSE exams and access to bilingual dictionary.
Who is Jiao Long?
Take
a bow.
There are many cloze activities ready for you on internet
Example of EAL friendly worksheet
Students know what to do, and there is level differentiation.
Sugata Mitra - Technology in schools
Speak clearly, please...
Activate student's first language in learning process.
Full transcript