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EAL Training - Best Practice
Transcript of EAL Training - Best Practice
TEACHING STUDENTS WITH
ENGLISH AS AN ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE
Where are Lipson EAL students from?
Children of established ethnic minority communities in Plymouth
Children of medical staff at Derriford
Children of students at the university
Refugees and asylum seekers
Children of mixed nationality marriages
Children of EU Nationals
Things to remember
You are their
Can you hear this?
to extreme level
Shī Shì shí shī shǐ
Shíshì shīshì Shī Shì, shì shī, shì shí shí shī.
Shì shíshí shì shì shì shī.
Shí shí, shì shí shī shì shì.
Shì shí, shì Shī Shì shì shì.
Shì shì shì shí shī, shì shǐ shì, shǐ shì shí shī shìshì.
Shì shí shì shí shī shī, shì shíshì.
Shíshì shī, Shì shǐ shì shì shíshì.
Shíshì shì, Shì shǐ shì shí shì shí shī.
Shí shí, shǐ shí shì shí shī shī, shí shí shí shī shī.
Shì shì shì shì.
Lion-Eating Poet in the Stone Den
In a stone den was a poet called Shi, who was a lion addict, and had resolved to eat ten lions.
He often went to the market to look for lions.
At ten o'clock, ten lions had just arrived at the market.
At that time, Shi had just arrived at the market.
He saw those ten lions, and using his trusty arrows, caused the ten lions to die.
He brought the corpses of the ten lions to the stone den.
The stone den was damp. He asked his servants to wipe it.
After the stone den was wiped, he tried to eat those ten lions.
When he ate, he realized that these ten lions were in fact ten stone lion corpses.
Try to explain this matter.
in English are not able
all words when you speak
, they can't even establish when one word finishes and other word starts...
“The bilingual student’s
process and in the
The role of the first language…
Continue to encourage EAL students to use their first language in learning, it will help them to understand things better…
At first Day of Arrival to the UK
First language age of
English language age of
10 years later...
First language age of
English age of
Teaching New Language
When learning new
EAL pupils need to:
for basic interpersonal communication skills - a simple conversation in English
for cognitive academic language proficiency, an ability to read and understand school textbooks.
does it take to learn a second language?
Prof. Stephen Krashen: ‘
Students who can’t speak the language seems to be...
Their individuality uncovers with development of their second language...
How to teach EAL students?
Maintain eye contact.
Always begin a conversation starting with their first name to get their attention.
Lukasz can you …
When speaking to an EAL student:
'Take your jacket off and sit down, please!'
'Young lady, would you kindly remove your outer garment and find yourself a spare seat, please?'
Students might be
of your instructions…
* Say: ‘
* Ask: ‘
How was your weekend?
* Learn how to pronounce their name...
Create interaction between pupils during a lesson…
* Ask them to
books, equipment, worksheets, etc.
* Use them to
* Refer to
(‘How do you say that in your language?)
* Refer to their
if you can.
* Give them
time to reply
to your question!
’ to learning
Hot and cold
Sweet and sour
Loud and quiet
For beginners in English:
Open the book
Close the book
If you want EAL students to
write important note in their books:
Teach them that
THEY MUST COPY EVERYTHING WHAT IS UNDERLINED
Underline all the important information
Allow them to take notes in their
Homework: To translate notes to English.
to a computer/laptop, allow them to use their mobile phones for
Try to create ideal
in a classroom (e.g. small group learning) ‘
And that’s it…
They can use
Google, Ask, Wikipedia,
etc., to translate questions themselves, find answers in their language and
their answers in English after translation.
of the key words
of the key words
of notes in first language to English
to explain more complicated vocabulary:
There is a sun.
There is a man.
He kicks a ball.
He is quite tall.
He found a key.
Next to a big tree.
We hear the band.
Playing on the sand.
Task: Write a poem about desert island.
L.O. What is a rhyme?
Key Words (with points):
Pressure (8) Temperature (9)
Explain what is the Haber Process.
Extended writing or homework
A Student have to answer a question using
A Teacher informs what is the
to achieve in this task.
To get points, they have to
Student need to fill in a form which contains
linked with a topic of the lesson or explanation of key words from the lesson:
Exit Card of Tomek Polski:
Answer all questions to leave the room at the end of the lesson:
Write definition of:
Drainage basin ……………………….
Draw a diagram of water cycle below:
Filling in gaps in sentences (
The reporter insisted that the letter he used was authentic. He said that he had shown it to many experts before he used it in his story.’
When something is authentic, it’s __________.
a. genuine, or real b. carefully written c. full of tasty worms d. very old
: diagrams, sketches and pictures in English and/or first language.
: listing key words in alphabetical order; writing ‘true’ or ‘false’ about a sentence.
A boy is cooking.
A girl is running.
The door is open.
True □ False □
True □ False □
True □ False □
A word of the day
words in alphabetical order
* Finding a
definition/meaning of a word.
Dictionary activities using both
from the board or a prepared sheet of key words and phrases to translate and refer to.
of vocabulary related to the subject (at the back of their books).
Most of the
pages are translated into many languages
, there is a '
' version of the page as well!
WIKI helps students to understand the meaning of a
, as well as gives them the opportunity to read
a context of the topic
in both English and their own language.
Work out the price of blackberry jam.
If your student looks like that...
You have to make your
Give them a chance to use
more than one of their senses to learn
hearing, feeling, tasting, smelling, seeing.
Do not hesitate to give an EAL student
Body first line of defense
Heart disease: risk
First line of defense
Eyes: tears antiseptic
Ears: wax is antibacterial
Stomach: contains acid
Skin: sweat glands
Can be used as a revision of known vocabulary
or a starter activity
Task for a student:
Translate the instruction below using google translation/pictures:
Encourage students to bring their own dictionaries...
point of view on an EAL pupil
want their child to learn to
In their mind schools are perceived as
want their students to learn
Is it possible to teach despite of the language barrier?
George was small and smart.
Lennie was big and strong
It is difficult to
follow the plot
of a film or a book when all names of all characters are
to your language...
How many of us
in foreign films?
Li Mu Bai
Yu Shu Lien
is more effective than revising a lesson which was not understood...
a Swiss Army Knife
Some EAL students have a
a lot... of potential
To hold of (something) with one's hands;
reach for and hold.
when watching a film, documentary or TV program...
They have to
to use those tools...
EAL students to
follow the story
It is really
understand some accents
might not be able to follow
the content of your lesson without
In stead of :
does not work
all the time...
Sometimes you need to use
to a student.
in your PowerPoint
so students will
of a lesson…
EAL students RS test and Science coursework
Polish student, 1 month in the UK
Step 2 Spoken English at start
limited speaking level
Her 1st RS test:
to complete the test
in a group over 20 yr 9/10 pupils...
You still not able to have a simple conversation with her in English...
Hungarian student, 3 months in the UK
Step 1 of spoken English at start (
Her Science GCSE coursework.
She still can't speak English...
know what to do in
Students that have been in the UK
for less than 2 years
are titled to
25% more time during GCSE exams
to bilingual dictionary.
many cloze activities ready
for you on internet
Students know what to do, and there are levels differentiation.
Prof. Sugata Mitra - Technology in schools
The first rule is:
Speak clearly, please...
How long does it take to make
Let's do it in a '
Foreign Language resources in less than 10 s
1. Search a topic in Wikipedia
2. Click download as PDF format
3. Click download the file
4. That's it!
2. Click PDF letters
3. Click the highlighted line.
See a word
Hear a word
Read a word
Write a word
Put a word in a sentence.
Revise a word
Use a word in another context.
Beginners in English
1. Give EAL students
4 questions linked with the topic of your lesson
, printed on a sheet of paper.
2. Provide an
access to a book, computer, laptop
or allow them to use their mobile phones.
3. You give them
(15 minutes) to complete each question.
I have been carefully trained by:
, so many ideas are... you are correct:
Interact with EAL pupils
5. ... and click
...3, 2, 1, GO!
- NOT FLIPPING CLASSROOM
Usain Bolt style!
I'm not reinventing the wheel...
Hear the sounds and watch the translation
that will be good for EAL students
will be beneficial to
Differentiation for EAL pupils is not always the best solution...
How long does it take to make a
resource for EAL pupil
How long does it take for
EAL pupil to complete this task
Is this appealing to an EAL pupil?
1. Change the language.
You know how to do it already!
What is a finch?
From September 2016 the Government requires
First name and surname
Date of birth
Country of Birth
National Identity (from passport)
Level of English
What is the right workload balance?
Student working hard vs teacher working hard
A student may use post it note to answer a question!