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Venetian Social Classes
Transcript of Venetian Social Classes
Unlike many European hierarchies at the time, which relied on familial status and money, the class of a person in Venice was primarily determined by their occupation. Upper Class Three sub-categories:
'Cittadini originari' - bureaucrats, secretaries, professional merchants
'Scuole' - provided charity & consolation for all citizens and immigrants
Ordinary, non-professional labour workers and merchants
Women of this class had more rights than the women of nobility (could own property, participate in the markets, and defend themselves in court)
The men were often apprenticed at the age of around ten, and sent to live with another man's family until such time as the apprenticed was married and could afford a home of his own. Middle Class Prostitutes
Many did not survive childhood
Girls were assigned as domestic servants
Boys were apprenticed in manual labour
Jewish were confined to the 'geto'
They were guarded by Christian soldiers, funded by the Jewish
Girls were often unmarried, as this required a dowry their parents could not pay. Lower Class + the Jewish Second highest class: knights; Members of the royal council; Ambassadors. They could be honored into this class by the monarch. Debt was a problem within this class, in response to their extravagant lifestyle and entertainment responsibilities. Between 1300 & 1500, 6 to 7 percent of the population were adult male nobles. Citations "Venice." Encyclopedia. HighBeam Research Inc., n.d. Web. 1 May 2013.
"The Italian Renaissance." Civilization in the West, Fifth Edition. Pearson Education Inc., n.d. Web. 1 May 2013.
"The Renaissance." Education. Education.com Inc., 2010. Web. 1 May 2013.
"Jewish Ghetto, Venice." Sacred Destinations. Sacred Destinations Inc., n.d. Web. 1 May 2013.
Lady Margaret Wolseley "What is a Toga and Who Wears it?" 1500 Stiches. Challe Hudson. n.d. Web. 24 April 2013. Conections to the play The Merchant Of Venice Merchant of Venice has many scenes which take place in the Jewish Ghetto. Many of the characters are nobility or upper middle class with a few being lower class. Merchant of Venice also deals with the marriages in this time period. Marriage in the classes Women were married at around twenty; men at around thirty.
They would live with the man's family until such time as they could afford to move out.
Married life for women included often successive pregnancies.
Women whose families could not afford dowries were sold as servants or sent to the convent, depending mostly on her class. The Council and the Doge The Council was the elite of the elite in Venice. These were the nobles invited by the Doge, the leader of Venice to help him manage his city. This was the governing class made of only men.