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Alexandra Wagner

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of Jamaica

Philadelphia Kingston Jamaica by Allison, Shomari, and Alex Legacies of Colonization cities and rivers still have Spanish names Ocho Rios, Santa Cruz, Rio Grande River artifacts left by Spanish Port Royal church bell British architecture plantation houses, many used for tourism churches in center of every city In the middle of every Jamaican city is an Anglican church. British English is official language cuisine is a mixture of cultures yams and curry economy Christopher Columbus diversity and pluralism immigration Legacies (cont.) Her Majesty the Queen is the Head of Jamaica's Parliament system of government is based on the Westminster parliamentary model legal system is based on English common law and practice game of cricket is the national sport Haiti Dominican Republic Jamaica Pennsylvania Zimbabwe El Salvador Bangladesh Iran Resistance Michael Manley Prime Minister change Jamaicans' view of society against capitalism, oppression, and imperialism politics should include urban poor, students,
youth, and unemployed "The wind of change is blowing strongly.  It is like a presence in the political atmosphere and as its implications are sensed by the masses, that is, the workers, the small farmers struggling with marginal hillside land, the poor mothers in the slums, the youngsters, and even the children- there is a stirring of popular excitement and anticipation, a renewal of faith, a light in the eye of the disinherited who sense that their claim to a place in the national life is a dominant consideration in governmental and political action." - Manley offered hope as voice of the people democratic socialist and anti-global views Resistance Rastafarians and Reggae address social problems through music

speak out against colonialism and power

condemn capitalism/ Babylon system

refuse to participate in politics

put an end to racism, bigotry, classism, and stereotypes

provide hope for future

believe in world peace, harmony, and reform Resistance Rastafarians and Reggae bring about self-awareness

educate about the oppressive nature of the system they live in

encourage listeners in a non-violent but empowering act of resistance

make the best with what you have Hey Mr. Bigness Man
Stop and Take a Look…
People working, have money flowing
But the rich get richer while the poor get poorer. from "Mr. Bigness Man" by Naive Nabby With all the hike in the price
Arm and leg we have to pay
While our leaders play…
I say who can afford to run will run
But what about that who can’t…they will stay
Opportunity is scare commodity…
It’s a competitive world for the low budget people…
Could go on and on the full has never been told from "Untold Stories" by Buju Banton from "Aid Travels with a Bomb" by Sister Breeze Aid travels with a bomb
Look out
Aid for countries in despair
Aid for countries that have no share…
They come; they work, they smile so pleased
They leave and you discover a new disease…
Aid travels with a bomb
Look out Resistance Figures Bob Marley Haile Selassie heart and soul of reggae & Rastafarian movement lyrics speak to struggles of blacks and Africans against oppression from the West worshiped as God in the flesh "That until the philosophy which holds one race superior and another inferior is finally and permanently discredited and abandoned: That until there are no longer first-class and second-class citizens of any nation; That until the color of a man's skin is of no more significance than the color of his eyes; That until the basic human rights are equally guaranteed to all without regard to race; That until that day, the dream of lasting peace and world citizenship and the rule of international morality will remain but a fleeting illusion, to be pursued but never attained. Until bigotry and prejudice and malicious and inhuman self-interest have been replaced by understanding and tolerance and goodwill; until all Africans stand and speak as free human beings, equal in the eyes of the Almighty. We Africans will fight if necessary and we know that we shall win as we are confident in the victory of good over evil." History Arawak Indians lived in Xaymayca Christopher Columbus Indians forced into slavery, Africans brought for slaves 1494 little is known about Spanish rule era Arawak Indians killed off came from S. America changed name to Jamaica 1509 - 1665 disease, harsh treatment, suicide fight with British for control of Caribbean Villa de la Vega British won 1655 British continued the slavery sugarcane & cocoa History (cont.) British lured settlers slave trading because of agricultural boom 60,000 slaves revolted against owners 1831 1834 slavery finally outlawed Chinese and Indians brought in for labor Marcus Garvey Resistance The Maroons gained Independence but still a member of the Commonwealth of Great Britain August 6, 1962 British saw Jamaica as economical boost first group to resist in Jamaica

descendents of former Spanish slaves

escaped to the mountains when the British got control

created an isolated community and lifestyle that embraced African customs they had been forced to reject as slaves

attacked many plantations in a form of rebellion and revenge

used guerrilla warfare to fight British planters Back to Africa Movement
Universal Negro Improvement Association tourism page 108 of "White Teeth" days that celebrate Selassie
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