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The Afterlife: Around the World
Transcript of The Afterlife: Around the World
Around the World By:
Mei Yamamoto Opening Question: What's you view of the afterlife, if you believe in one? Is it influenced by your religion? Spain Greece Individual Thesis As for Europe considering two very different countries, Spain and Greece, where culture and religion are diverse both interpret the afterlife the same. The main religion in Spain is Catholicism (Catholic) and in Greece, Greece Orthodox (Christianity). Even though they are different religions they both have very similar views. Middle East Individual Thesis Focus heavily on religion
They go by Shariah Law(Islamic Law)
The government of Saudi Arabia is a "theocracy- a society in which God himself is the monarch, reigning on earth through subordinates"(Catholic Answers). China Individual Thesis Through their rituals and beliefs, individuals from Asian countries, such as China and Cambodia, are able to cope with their loss, knowing that the deceased soul is properly taken care of in the afterlife. Focuses mainly on culture
Chinese cultures believe that family is valued more that an individual.
It is expected by society that the children must have an elaborate funeral for their parents with a large solid coffin, gifts, and offerings to the soul and the dead. If rituals are not met, the neglected soul will bring misfortune and illness to family. Believe in two souls:
Earthy soul-buried with the dead and given offerings to keep it satisfied in the grave.
Spiritual soul-departed from the body and needed to be worshiped and given periodic offerings. Group Thesis They are considered the most conservative sect of Islam
"[Sunnis] are typically seen as putting more emphasis on the power of God and his determination of human fate, and are often understood to be more inclusive in their definition of being a Muslim"("Sunni"). Sunni Muslims Syria and Saudi Arabia The Muslim Religion thrives on death and its violent ways; through death they seek Allah and promote him to the world. Death extends to the point where taking care of loved ones becomes and existentially fraught custom. Make up approximately 80% of the Muslim Population
Sunni Islam does not consider the traditions that surround events such as birth or marriage as religious rites.("Sunni").
No specific ceremony with death either Sunni Muslims Sunni Muslim Beliefs They believe in what is called the Day of Judgement (yawm al-qiyama).
The time between an individual's death and the Day of Judgment that occurs at the end of time is called the barzakh, or interval ("Sunni")
They don't have an exact time frame of when the body goes but before it goes the soul is questioned by angels Sunni Muslims Beliefs There are also scriptural allusions to a bodily resurrection, there is no single interpretation of these verses.
Heaven is envisioned as a paradise, whereas hell is full or torment and suffering Martyrs This is the only way to secure a spot in heaven
Martyrs are praised because they died for Allah
This is also known as Jihad or Holy War
Jacques Ellul once stated that "jihad is a religious obligation" (Catholic Answers). Death Death is a normal thing in the lives of Middle Eastern Sunni Muslims.
Stoning is another ritual they do for death under Sharia Law
Death isn't taboo subject because it is encouraged in the Qur'an and by Allah
Allah wants you to die for him, that is what the doctrine preached. Works Cited Endless Jihad: The Truth about Islam and
Violence. Catholic Answers, 2013. Web 4 June
"Sunni Islam." Patheos.com. N.p. 2002. Web.
4 June 2013. All around the world, cultures display different beliefs, however they all agree on the idea of an afterlife. Their views of the afterlife are heavily influenced by their culture and religion. The idea of an afterlife reassures individuals that their loved ones are able to live on, in the spiritual world. Spanish/Catholics Rituals and
Views on the Afterlife -The Spanish believe that the 'life after death' is eternal and so is the soul, meaning it will last forever.
- After death even though you physically are not alive, your soul is still present.
-Death is not something majority of the Spanish fear, they embrace it. Funerals are family events, and usually a family member stays with the body to keep it company. Spanish/Catholics Cont'd - Then a wake will be held, where family offers prayers and watches over the body.
-After that they proceed with a rosary which last 9 days long. Rosary in which each bead having a special meaning to Catholicism. ( Fr. Ashok Cruz) Spanish Beliefs -Not only do they believe in the afterlife, but the process to finding yourself there.
- To proceed into going to heaven, they believe in going to church, receive sacrament regularly, pray, read the Gospels, and follow the commandments.
-They believe these are the main essentials into a better afterlife, which is heaven. Greece/Greek Orthodox
Rituals and Views
on the Afterlife Tang Dynasty tomb figure of a female court musician (Mayor, 175). Ghost Marriages Ghost marriages were performed when an unmarried bachelor dies.
Believed that if the bachelor was united with a female corpse, it would prevent his soul from being lonely and restless in the afterlife (Krishnan). Immortality Tried to preserve the body in the coffin for as long as possible.
Believed that this could be achieved by burying the body in suits made of jade or burying the body in airtight tombs (Mayor 133).
Chinese made elixirs to preserve the body for a longer period of time.
They thought that if the body were preserved for as long as possible, it would live forever, giving off the perception that the person was immortal. Jade suit worn by the deceased to preserve the body (Greatcommission). Cambodia Cambodia More religious in the way they take care of the deceased.
Theravada Buddhist-believe that all individuals live in a successive cycle of birth, sickness, old age, death, and reincarnation (Mony). The Role of the Monk It is important that a monk is present before an individual dies.
It is believed that having the monk besides the dying person will help prepare him or her for the next life (Mony).
Monk serves to calm the soul when it leaves the body, since the soul is believed to be in a state of confusion and fright once it leaves the body. Death Rituals Family performs rituals such as taking the body home, washing, dressing, placing the body into the coffin, and keeping the body in the home for seven days before having it cremated.
Cremation allows the soul to detach from the body and allows it to go to heaven or hell in order to wait for reincarnation.
It is important that the family does not perform autopsies/dissections because it could affect the reincarnation process. Prachum Benda "Prachum" means "gathering together", "Benda" means "offering" (Mony).
Also known as "Spirit Day" or "Ancestor's Day".
Celebrated for 15 days in September and October.
Believed that each year for 15 days, souls that are unable to be reborn, due to bad karma, are released to search for their living relatives and are released to mediate and repent for their bad karma. Prachum Benda (Cont.) During these 15 days, souls are able to walk on Earth and the living are able to ease their suffering by offering them food and colorful desserts.
Relatives of the deceased go to temple to pray for the bad karma of their ancestors, in hopes that they are able to move forward and become reincarnated. Works Cited Brude, Jessica. “The Afterlife in Chinese Mythology.” Helium.com. Helium. 07 June 2011. Web. 19 May 2013.
"Great Commission Illustrated (GCI) Books & Photos".
Greatcommission.com. Great Commission. 2012. 5 June 2013.
Krishan, Manisha. “A Story of Boy Meets Corpse.” Maclean’s 126. 11 (2013): 1. MAS Ulta-School Edition. Web. 03 May 2013.
Major, John S. The Land and People of China. J.B. Lippincott. New York. 1989. Print. 06 May 2013.
Mony, Keo. “Death in Cambodian Buddhist Culture.” Ethnomed.org. Ethnomed. 01 Jan 2004. Web. 07 May 2013. Africa Individual Thesis The African belief of the afterlife is that the dead continue to live on Earth. Because they live on Earth, the people of Africa often recognize the, as a high influence on their everyday life. The variety of spirits add to the social structure of African culture. Africans use this idea to cope with death because they believe that though a loved one has left the physical world, they will continue to watch over them. The
External Impact Sicknesses are believed to be a curse put on by ancestors (Sobania).
Divine-healers are used to dispel of the curse
Continual guidance throughout life helps people cope. African medicine-woman, creating concoction to rid of a curse, using raw hide and pebbles ("African"). Communicating with the Dead Shamans are used (Sobania).
People offer gifts to the dead
Continual appreciation of ancestors = prosperous life (Ekwenski). Spiritual Beings Biospirit: life-soul, dies at moment of death, disconnects with body when enduring physical pain.
Thought-Soul: lives on past physical death ("Myths"). After life, the family honors this soul. High influence on loved ones. Spiritual Beings Cont'd Emi: Breathe, necessary for life, fed by the winds ("Myths").
Ojiji: Shadow, shade, helps identify whether the man is alive rather than a ghost. Awaits owners arrival in heaven.
Eleda: Guardian-soul, protects, family honors this spirit. Supreme God Olorun "Lazy god...too indifferent to engage in earthly affairs" (Ellis).
God of Nature
Allows Africans to recognize life after death.
Decides who goes to Heaven or Hell ("Myths"). Growing influence from Christian and Muslim missionaries offers Africans more means of coping with death, by ideas of different afterlives More Recently... Closing Statement It is important to recognize the importance of the diversity of the world, for we do live in one of the most diverse places in the world. When confronted with someone labeled as "different" because of their culture, remember that it's their heritage and they define themselves by their culture. Game Instructions 1) Split the class into 4 groups.
2) Assign each group a continent.
3) Assign a representative from each group.
4) A word bank is put up onto the board, in which the groups will use the word bank in order to organize the words into their correct continent.
5) Each representative is responsible for putting the appropriate words from the word bank into their continent, based on what they learned from the presentation and with the help from their teammates.
6) The first group to match all the appropriate words with their continent wins! Essential Question What shapes our views of the afterlife and our coping methods? How are they related? Word Bank Reincarnation
Offers gift to the dead Holy Bible
Forgiving of Sins
Spiritual Soul -Greeks believed that at the moment of death, psyche, (spirit of dead) left the body as a little breath or puff of wind.
- Which leads them to believe as well as the Spanish in life after death.
-Celebrate the life of the deceased, and celebrate the life that they had.
-One ritual the Greeks have is preparing the burial in three parts: 1. Prosthesis, lying out of the bed.
2. Euphoria, funeral
3.Interment of the body or remains
-Strong believers in prayers, sacraments, worshiping in church, Holy Bible, and communion to ensure a better afterlife. Traditional Greek Orthodox burial (Jefferys). Greece & Spain's belief in Heaven and Hell -Belief in many religions around the world.
-Hell being portrayed as a place of literal fire, where human souls are extremely tortured.
-Heaven portrayed with angels and saints, where redeemed people who have faith in Jesus overcome the punishment of death go.
-Committing a sin can only be cleared through confession and worshiping Jesus Christ is the path to heaven. Coping With Death -In both, Spain and Greece, they use the study of the religion to cope with death and the loss of loved ones.
-Believing in a afterlife and in heaven it eases them to recognize that they are in a happier place, and one day they will be right there with them. How heaven is viewed in these religions
(Zepeda). Works Cited Davies-Stofka, Beth. “Eastern Orthodoxy.” Patheos Library. Web. 2008-2013
Department of Greek and Roman Art. “Death, burial, and Afterlife in Ancient Greece.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. Web. Oct. 2003
M. Cuera’s De Cassie Rebecca. “Hispanic Traditions, Funerals and Death.” Mitera Webhorics. LLC: 2003. Web.2003
O’Malley, William J. “Life After Death.” Scripture from Scratch. 1996-2013 Web. Dec. 2005
Simpson, Eric. “Hell and Gods Love: An Orthodox View.” Wordpress. Web. Sept. 17, 2010 Works Cited “African Medical Traditions”. Ingenious. 8 Nov. 2009. Web. 20 May 2013.
Asante, Molefi Kete, Mazama, Ama. Encyclopedia of African Religion. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc, 2009. Print.
Ekwenski, C.O.D.. Ritual Murder. Lincoln, Illinois: National Textbook Company, 1999. Print.
Ellis, A.B.. Yoruba-Speaking Peoples of the Slave Coast of West Africa.
“Myths, Legends, Beliefs and Traditional Stories from Africa”. A-Gallery. 12 June 2011. Web. 4 May 2013
Sobania, Neal. Culture and Customs of Kenya. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2003. Print. Thank you for your time!
We hope you enjoyed it!