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Types of Speeches

These are the types of speeches we will cover in this class.

Nichole Carter

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of Types of Speeches

Types of Speeches There are 8 different types of speeches we will be going over in class this semester! In this prezi we will learn what they are, and the expectations for effective speeches. 1.Informative 4.Original Oratory 3. Impromptu 2. Public Forum Debate An Informative speech is written to provide interesting and useful information to increase the knowledge of your audience The giving of an original speech, on a subject of your choosing. The speech should be factual and is a category competitive speech events. The impromptu speech is given without any preparation, any notes, or other additional materials; it is a spontaneous reaction to the topic given. Similar to televised debates, a pro and con team go back and forth on a topic, requires research based facts and information. You argue and fire back and forth with rebuttles in a persuasive but logical manner. What is the role of the audience? During debates, participate to show support To listen Critique strengths and weaknesses Effective public speaking involves various elements: Verbal Communication Skills Volume Emphasis/Articulation Organization Word Choice deliver a speech at the appropriate volume (not too soft, we need to hear you, and not too loud- who wants to be yelled at?) Volume It should be slightly louder than what you use in a daily conversation. Using slightly more volume shows confidence It can also help you emphasize a point or show emotion The rate of delivery is the speed or pace of a speech. Rate Your speech should be delivered in a deliberate, planned, and careful way. If you are giving new information go slow so audience can pay attention Sometimes nervousness can speed up a speech. Speeches should be just fast enough that the audience must pay attention, not get bored or distracted. Think about using pauses Or after a startling fact to give audience time to think (dramatic) Or after an important piece of info after a question in your speech Twelve states have abolished the death penalty. In none of these has the homicide rate increased. Let's look at an example that uses repetition/pause: No state that has abolished the death penalty has experienced an increase in homicides. NOT ONE EXAMPLE! speak the next sentence slower now speak louder and with more emphasis The, you know, death penalty has been, you know, abolished in twelve, umm, states, you know what I'm saying. In none, ummm, of these states, umm, has the, you know, homicide rate increased... Avoid those nervous fillers like "ummm, you know, whatever, like" Partner one:
1. I already told you! (frustration)
2. I like you. (Friendship)
3. Come back here. (anger)
4. You did that. (Surprise)

Partner two:
1. Mary is my friend (sarcasm)
2. How come you did that? (upset)
3. I can't wait to go to the movies tonight with you. (excited)
4. I failed my test. (anger) Turn to someone at your table and "act" out these sentences with the emotion in the parenthesis: Intro
Who are you
What are you talking about
Why should the audience listen to you?
Main body of the speech
This is the main part of your speech and should progress in a logical order
Remind audience of some of the highlights of your speech
Summarize the purpose of the speech Organization Body position and movement
Eye Contact
Poise (confidence) Nonverbal Communication Skills Speech Anxiety You might feel: dizzy, dry mouth, sweaty palms, racing pulse, or even begin to shake--- this is normal. So how do I fix it? Help manage it or reduce it by these tips:
-avoid caffeine
-practice some breathing techniques before and during your presentation (deep breathing- inhale through nose count to three and exhale through your mouth for a count of three!) Emphasis/ Articulation Articulation:
speak clearly, don't mumble! Emphasis Word Choice Think about academic language, using bigger words.

Use correct grammar

Use strong vivid word choices, that make an impact.

Appropriate to audience and purpose
(be careful about the words you are using. Don't use "crap" for example)
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