Transcript of The Kwakiutl Indians
The Kwakiutl Indians By: Lauren Hutson Where Do They Originate From? The Kwakiutl Indians originate from Vancouver Island, and on the coast of British Columbia. Their Creation Story Their Environment Their Daily Lives With Other Tribes Meeting the Old World Clothing Celebrating Life Important People Present Day Kwakiutl The End! Food References The Kwakiutl believe that the Sun created all of their ancestors. People at first didn't understand this, and when they asked their chief, he said "The Seagull first became man by taking off his mask and becoming man. This was the beginning of one of the tribes. The other tribes were born when the Sun, Grizzly Bear, and Thunderbird also took off their masks." That is why the Kwakiutl are many groups, because each group has its own ancestor. The Kwakiutls lived in rectangular houses made of cedar plank and bark. These houses were as big as 100 feet long. Several families lived in each house, up to 50 people. Summer villages would be by fishing spots, with their doors always facing the beach or ocean. Platforms were built to support homes in steep areas. Men spent a lot of their time fishing, trapping, building canoes and homes. Women stayed home to watch children, made clothes and food, and gathered nuts and berries. Children helped around the house, and played with dolls and toys. The Kwakiutls traded on a regular basis with a lot of the tribes of the Northwest Coast, especially the Tlingit and Haida tribes. The Northwest Coast tribes also had a lot of fights, they would raid each other's villages and steal things, along with capturing slaves. Men usually didn't wear any clothing, but some wore a breech clout. Women wore skirts crafted out of cedar bark. In the winter months, women and men wore tunics and cedar bark cloaks, with moccasins. For special events, people would wear cloaks with tribal designs painted on them. When a baby was born, there was a baby naming ceremony. The clan would all come together in a house and decide on what to name the baby. Thankyou for watching my Prezi and I hope you enjoyed it! The Kwakiutl ate a lot of fish, and hunted a lot of animals. They hunted bears and wolves. They fished seals, whales, clams, crabs, octopus, squid, and the most popular, salmon. The most treasured fish was the eulachon because of its high content in fat. Present day Kwakiutl people live in British Columbia, Canada. each group has its own reserve, which is land that is legally under their own control. Their are 15 kwakiutl bands, all under their own government, police, and services. Most Kwakiutls speak English, but some still speak the native Kwakiutl Language. There were no really important people in the tribe, but there were some important mythological people. Kanekelak- A figure who made the world balance and using his powers to change the landscape, animals, and people.Full transcript
Raven- A figure who helps people, but is also a trickster who sometimes has bad behavior.
Tsunukwa- A giant cannibal monster who catches children and hauls them off in her huge basket. The Kwakiutls first met non-Indians in the late 18th century, when fur traders from England, Spain and the U.S. showed up on the Northwest Coast. Soon after, the non-Indians showed their distaste for the Indians by enforcing anti-Indian laws. These people tried to steal the land from the Indians. http://www.bigorrin.org/kwakiutl_kids.htm http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&rlz=1C1CHFX_enUS499US499&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&tbnid=QaVm4P2sC2zQhM:&imgrefurl=http://tourismmall.victoria.bc.ca/ http://www.kwakiutl.bc.ca/land/beginning.htm http://www.angelfire.com/hi4/Magik8Ball/Kwak.html http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&rlz=1C1CHFX_enUS499US499&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&tbnid=V-bwxkbWWiG61M:&imgrefurl=http://historymad.stmaryscollegehull.co.uk/NorthWestCoast.htm&docid=6BAUny3tef6pnM&imgurl=http://historymad.stmaryscollegehull.co.uk/images/NWcoastindians/kwakiutlcanoe.jpg&w=375&h=248&ei=Z2dJUMa2DY6_0QHNo4HYCw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=460&sig=112111541754428438368&page=1&tbnh=146&tbnw=208&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:17,s:0,i:128&tx=115&ty=104 http://www.namgis.bc.ca/Pages/Related-Publications.aspx http://www.native-languages.org/kwakiutl-legends.htm http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&rlz=1C1CHFX_enUS499US499&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=8LyykBzKdS0qyM:&imgrefurl=htt