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Lifestyle Factors Affecting Fitness Levels

BTEC Sport Unit 4: Preparation for Sport
by

Samantha James

on 10 November 2013

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Transcript of Lifestyle Factors Affecting Fitness Levels

Lifestyles Factors Affecting Fitness Levels
Many people affect your participation in sport.
People
The way in which we are perceived can affect how much physical activity we get involved in
Image
Culture
Using harmful substances can dramatically effect your lifestyle. Substances such as alcohol, cigarettes and cannabis are very harmful to a persons health and can reduce fitness levels.
Harmful Substances
Illness and health problems can affect participation in physical activities.
Sport may be a way for a person to remain healthy.Our fitness is inherited partly from our parents, as are some health-related problems like asthma, heart conditions and issues with weight.
Health and Wellbeing
Your social and economic status can affect the type and amount of physical activities you are involved in.
Socio-Economic Factors
The influence of the peer group (people of the same age) is very important. It is much easier to succeed in any activity with the encouragement and support of friends.
Family
Children frequently take part in the same physical activities as their parents. They also often support the same teams.
Role Models
People whose actions are emulated by others. They can be a variety of people in different roles. Elite athletes may encourage others to take up sport. Role models have a responsibility to act in a professional manor.
Peers
Many activities require the "right" equipment (e.g. boots, gloves, clubs, etc.)
Some brands can be very fashionable - and expensive - partly because of media coverage of famous sportspeople.
The time of year can influence sales:
- Tennis equipment increases around Wimbledon
- Fitness clothing increases around New Year
Fashion
Media coverage increases the popularity of physical activity.
The London 2012 Olympics is an excellent example of how TV coverage can increase the popularity of certain sports.
Media
Cultural factors such as disability, age, gender and race can affect the amount of physical activity someone does.
People with disabilities can take part in many activities.
The London 2012 Olympics has proved that resources and opportunities for disabled people are increasing.
However more still needs to be done at a local level.
Disability
Age can affect performance and also influence participation in physical activity.
In most sports it is good to start young, although some sports have minimum age limits.
Work and family, as well as health problems may prevent adults and older people from participating.
Age
Gender
Taking up sport may be influenced by ethnic background.

Identify sports which have a high proportion of ethnic minority performers.
Race
The idea that some physical activities are more or less exclusively male and others female has more or less disappeared.
Some activities have more opportunities for one sex than the other for example netball.
Public perception can be a problem.
Alcohol
Alcohol has short and long-term effects. The short-term effects include:

* dizziness, loss of motor control, reduced ability to make decisions and a reduced perception of movement

The long-term effects include:

* breathlessness, swelling of the legs, muscular fatigue, increase in body weight, joint problems, liver damage and even heart failure
Smoking
Aerobic fitness can be reduced bu between five and ten per cent due to smoking. Smoking introduces carbon monoxide into the body taking space from the oxygen in the blood. A smoker therefore has less oxygen in the blood and will tire quicker than a non-smoker. Smoking can also increase the risk of cancer, heart disease and respiratory disease.
Drugs
Most activities have some associated costs, these can affect the opportunities in physical activities.
If people cannot afford to take part, their socio-economic status has influenced their involvement.
Cost
Status
This relates to a person's current situation or position in society.
This can determine the amount of time a person can dedicate to a physical activity and can influence the type of sport a person involves themselves in.
To perform at the best of our ability we must think about the factors that could affect our fitness.
Some athletes take performance enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids,HGH,EPO etc. These drugs are illegal because they give the performer an unfair advantage over 'clean' athletes. They are also incredibly harmful to the individual taking them.
Diet and Weight
A healthy diet will ensure a balance between the nutrient value that you consume and the energy that you use for muscular activity. To ensure a healthy weight we need to understand the energy balance equation:
Sleep Patterns
These may vary due to the pattern of training, work demands or family life. Younger people need at least 8 hours of sleep per night, As you get older you will need less. If sleep is not balanced with work, then positive effects of training will not be seen.
MERIT

(M1)

Explain the effects of fitness and the lifestyle factors of sports performers on sports performance.
PASS (P2)
Describe four different lifestyle factors that can affect sports performance
DISTINCTION (D1)
Evaluate the effects of lifestyle factors on sports performance providing recommendations for changes
Full transcript