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Reported speech & Reporting verbs.

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by

Lucia Escribano

on 4 April 2014

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Transcript of Reported speech & Reporting verbs.

Reported speech & Reporting verbs.
OTHER CHANGES
Pronouns and expressions of time and place can be different:
Reported questions
REPORTING VERBS
Some exercises
TENSES IN REPORTED SPEECH
Verb tenses often change:
Present simple
Past simple
Present continuous
Past continuous
Present perfect
Past perfect
Past simple
Past perfect
MODAL VERBS
Although many modal verbs do not change when they are reported:
Can
Could
May
Might
Must
Had to
Do this change is not always necessary
Now
Today
Tonight
Last night
Tomorrow
Yesterday
This week
Next week
Here
Then, at the moment
That day
That night
The previous nigh, the night before
The next day, the following day
The previous day, the day before
That week
The following week, the week after
There
In reported questions, the subject comes before the main verb, as in statements.
AUXILIARY VERBS
The auxiliary verbs do, does and did are not used in reported questions.
YES & NO QUESTIONS
When this kind of questions are reported, we add:
IF
WHETHER
SUBJECT
Agree, claim, decide, offer, promise, refuse and threaten
Verbs followed by to + infinitive
Advise, ask, beg, forbid, invite, order, persuade, remind, tell, and warn
Verbs followed by an object + to + infinitive
Admit, deny, recall, recommend and suggest
Verbs followed by the -ing form
Claim, complain, confess, decide, deny, explain, insist, mention, promise, recommend, reply, suggest and threaten
Verbs followed by (that +) a clause
Apologise for, insist on and advise against
Verbs followed by a verb + preposition + -ing
ACCUSE
Verbs followed by an object + preposition + -ing
The verb does not change when the situation is still the same when the verb is reported.


Direct speech:
“The sky is blue”.
Reported speech:
She said that the sky is/was blue.

D.S:
I' m very clever .
R.S:
She said she was very clever.
DS:
I am studying at university.
RS:
She said she was studying at university.
DS: I haven't seen Julie
RS: She said she hadn't seen Julie.

DS:
I bought a car
RS: She said she had bought a car
DS: "I can flight"
RS: " She said she could flight"
DS: "You must study "
RS: "She said I had to study"
DS: "We may go cicling"
RS: "She said we might go cicling"
Future simple
Will
Would
DS: "I will visit my grandmother"
RS: " She told us she would visit her grandmother"
DS: "I'll meet you here tomorrow"
RS: "He meet me there the following day"
DS: "¿How old are you?"
RS: " She asked me how old I was"
DS: "¿What kind of music do you like to listen?"
RS: " He asked me what kind of music I liked to listen"
DS: "Did you like the food?"
RS: " She asked me whether I had liked the food."
DS: "We are going to the hospital tomorrow".
RS: "She decided to go to the hospital tomorrow".
DS: "Don't run so much or you'll get an accident"
RS: "He warned me not to run too much or I would have an accident".
DS:"I am in love with you"
RS: "She admitted being in love with me"
DS: I can not support it any more. I killed her.
RS: He confessed that he had killed her.
RS: "She advised against the solar radiation in summer"
DS: "When you go to the beach you must to protect your skin cream".
DS: "We thought that you are the thief "
RS: " They accused me of have stolen the money".
TENSES
“I’m leaving tomorrow”
“She got married last year”
“I’ll come back next year”
"It's time to eat"
"I have just explained reported speech"
"We can do a party rock"
QUESTIONS
"Are they in Paris?"
"Do you like chocolate?"
"Why do you study English?"
"Where do you usually go running?"
"Did he arrive on time?"
"Will you come tomorrow?"
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