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Francesco Petrarch

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John Phelix

on 18 February 2011

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Transcript of Francesco Petrarch

Renaissance Humanism Francesco Petrarch is considered to be the father of the Renaissance Humanism movement. Humanism is the social and intellectual philosophy of the early Renaissance era. Humanism described the literary current of writers which went back to an appreciation of classical, secular literature. They described worldly pleasures and indepencence of personal expression. Humanism is directly associated with the increase of wealth and luxury of the Renaissance. Petrarch was the first poet of the middle ages to describe things like landscape and beauty in worldly things. This influence brought literature out the dark ages into humanism and modern literature. Humanism art depicted human traits and worldly desires. Events such as the boubonic plague and societal norms such as religious adherence inspired Petrarch's poetry. Nothing inspired him more than his unrequited love for a woman, Laura, whom he met at a church. She was a married woman whom Petrarch was very much infatuated with, and her death in 1348 had a great impact on his poetry. The eyes I spoke of once in words that burn,
the arms and hands and feet and lovely face
that took me from myself for such a space
of time and marked me out from other men;

the waving hair of unmixed gold that shone,
the smile that flashed with the angelic rays
that used to make this earth a paradise,
are now a little dust, all feeling gone;

and yet I live, grief and disdain to me,
left where the light I cherished never shows,
in fragile bark on the tempestuous sea.

Here let my loving song come to a close;
the vein of my accustomed art is dry,
and this, my lyre, turned at last to tears.
Sonnet 292 The Petrarchan sonnet form consists of a octave of the first eight lines of the poem, which traditionally poses a question, and the final six lines, or sestet, which resolves the poem. The rhyme scheme of sonnet 292
ABBC; DBEF; GHG; HIJ Sonnet 292 outlines the feelings and emotions of Petrarch after losing his beloved, Laura, to the black plague. Unlike Sonnet 92, where love and beauty are eternal, Petrarch, in Sonnet 292, sees love and beauty as pain and regret. 1) What was the name of the woman that Francesco Petrarch was in love with?

a) Elizabeth
b) Laura
c) Anna
d) Victoria 2) In which Italian city was Petrarch born?

a) Arezzo
b) Rome
c) Venice
d) Sicily 3) The line "in fragile bark on the tempestuous sea." is an example of which of the following forms of figurative language?

a) imagery
b) metaphor
c) hyperbole
d) both a and b 4) What is a lyre?

a) a musical instrument of the middle ages
b) an Italian drink
c) a fish
d) luring something into a trap Discussion Question:
Which would you prefer, a lost love or an unrequited love?
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