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Copy of China: Society and Culture

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Grace Duckworth

on 16 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of China: Society and Culture

History Geography Europe V China China Europe Economy Population Tang Dynasty Qin Dynasty Ming Dynasty AD 618-906 China Rich and Powerful Employment Trade Population Over 1.3 billion inhabitants
1980 - One Child Policy Introduced
1982 - written into Constitution
35.9% of Population are affected
70% in rural areas are allowed to have a 2nd child
Smaller minorities have no restrictions
Urban residents and government employees are affected
Birth Quota
Fertility rate- 2.0 urban, 1.3 rural
Gender imbalance - prefer boys
'little emperors' or 'bread winners' Longer continuous cultivation than any other country
People lived in China for about 500,000 years
Cities built 5,500 years ago
Invented paper, ink, silk, fabric, printing & gunpowder
China's empire ruled by emperors for different dynasties or royal families
China was isolated from the rest of the world until 19th Century
1911 - last emperor of the throne
1949 - Communist Party took over Han Dynasty 206 BC to AD 220 Ruled China Confucianism 551-479 BC 1368-1644 劉邦 劉邦劉邦 Built 1406-1420 Built during Ming Dynasty Liu Bang Gao Zu 618 AD Chang'an made Capital Empress Wu - first empress Education Qin Shiguangdi Terracotta Army Currency Liu Bang Invention of Paper Silk Road to West Confucius Area: 10,498,000 Km
Population: 495 million
Urban Population:
Rural Population:
Birth Rate:Death Rate:
Regions/Countries: 44
Languages: 23
Religions: Christianity, Islam, Eastern Orthodox, Judaism
Currency: Euro, Pound, Krone, Krona
Main Occupations: Agriculture, Manufacturing, Industry
Main Imports: Oil, Raw Materials
Main Exports: Machinery
Trade: Silk Road
Unemployment: 18.8 million
GDP: 12,268,387 million euros Geography Energy: 49% coal,
40% Hydrolectic
Land: Habitation, Cultivation
Rivers: Volga, 3,531 Km
Climate: Europe doesn't have any population policies. It is made up of 44 Independent states It has declining birthrates and an ageing population Britons are asked to stop having so many children to 'reduce global warming' 1976 - 1.5% of global industrial production
1978 - 250 million people lived in destitution
1990 - progress made in strategic readjustment of economic structure
1994 - 'taxation division system'
2008 - tax revenue = 52000 billion yuan
FDI - 'Foreign Direct Investment' - important component of opening to
the outside world Open - door Policy allows international trade and FDI (foreign direct investment)

WTO - member since December 2001 1980 - total volume of imports & exports = $38.04 (22nd in World)
1980-2008 average annual growth rate 15.6%,
Total volume of imports & exports 80%

China is 3rd largest trading nation in the World

Total value imports & exports - $1,760 billion (3rd in the World)

World's largest holder of foreign exchange - $2 trillion Imports & Exports The Silk Road 30% of expenditure on education 4 components:
basic education (9 years compulsory)
ocupational education
higher education
adult education Private education
Free education 99% literacy rate Hard Work Studying abroad Respect 2003 - 29.3% Tertiary
21.6% Secondary
49.1% Primary
2012 - 6.4%
2020 - 940 million working Rural - Urban 145 million took jobs outside town 2003 - disposable urban income = 8,472 yuan History Education Employment Economy Culture Trade Area: 9,560,990 km2
Population: 1,347,350,00
Urban Population: 690.79 million
Rural Population: 658.56 million
Birth Rate: 11.93%
Death Rate: 7.14%
Regions/ Countries: 34 Provinces
Languages: Mandarin, Cantonese, local dialects
Religions: Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Daoism, Islam
Currency: Yuan
Main Occupations: Agriculture, Industry
Main Imports: Machinery, Grain, Iron
Main Exports: Chemicals, Electrical and Agricultural Goods, Minerals
Trade: Silk Road (1000 AD)
Unemployment: 6.4%
GDP: $5.93 Trillion
Energy: Coal (70%), Hydroelectric Power (Three Gorges Dam)
Land: 1/3 Flat and Arable, 2/3 Mountains & deserts
Rivers: Yangtze, Yellow, Pearl
Weather/Climate: Culture 34 countries
38 education systems

Average number of compulsory years - 10

89.6% Youth literacy rate 3 Goals - Quality, Inclusivity & International Accesibility HE Systems 4,000 institutions
19,000000 students
1.5 000000 staff Highest Fees - UK (£6,000-£9,000) All students pay fees Majority of Students in a small proportion of countries receive grants Unemployment 11.8% (18.8 million) Spain 26.6% (Sept 2012)
Greece 26% (Sept 2012) Youth unemployment Greece 57.6% Germany 8.1% Tertiary 83.7%
Secondary & Primary 53.5% Men 70.1% (2011)
Women 58.5% (2011) Euro Crisis WTO Trade Policy EU-China China - 2nd biggest trading partner

£1billion every day

China - fastest growing market of EU exports

73% fake Chinese goods Coal
Textile Indsutry
Food-Processing 1951 signing of treaty - provided common market for coal and steel industries 1958 setting up of E.E.C & E.F.T.A 1960 - reconstruction of organisation for E.E.C Religion Art
European Cinema
2013 Capital: Marseille Ethnic Groups
Martial Arts
Cuisine Historical route between China and Mediterranean 1877 - named 'Silk Road' History - 1,600 years Ancient road begins in
Xi'an 4,000 miles (6,500 KM) Capital: Xianyang Industrial Revolution - 18th century WWI - 1914 to 1918
Mainly fought in Europe

WWII - 1939-1945
Fought in Europe, Russia, North Africa and in Asia
60 million died Sino-European Relations 1970's - rapid growth
1995 - developed quickly and broadly Complex relationship BOOM in global trade 2002 - China = 3rd Europe - 19% of china's external trade 2008 - Financial Crisis 7.4 billion Euros Substantial Market
Potential Conclusion Aisa is the largest continent with Europe standing in 6th place Europe is becoming an ageing population whereas China has 'One Child Policy' put in place to reduce population China is Europe's 2nd largest trading partner Unemployment - Europe = 11.8%, China = 6.4% Chinese investments in Europe have grown rapidly
to 7.4billion euros Europe is China's largest export market Music Arts Tea culture Martial Arts Sport
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