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Arts & Humanities
Transcript of Arts & Humanities
Arts and Humanities Summer Independent Study
Arts and Humanities Summer Course
Claude Oscar Monet
Artist- Claude Oscar Monet
Born November 14, 1840 in Paris
Monet's dad wanted him to work in the family grocery business but Monet refused. He studied at the Le Havre Secondary School for the Arts.
Monet was 16 when his mother died and he was sent to live with his aunt. He frequently traveled around Paris. He met Eduard Manet and became his good friend.
"Color is my day-long obsession, joy, and torment." -Monet
In 1861, he joined the first regiment of the African Light Calvary in Algeria. He only served two years because he contracted Typhoid. His aunt got him out of his service contract on the condition he take art lessons. He took private lessons with Charles Glyne.
Monet's first major painting that brought him recognition was La Femme a la Robe Verte. The girl in the picture soon became his wife, Camille Doncieux.
First Impressionest Painting
In 1868, he and his wife had a son. Monet tried to commit suicide by drowning himself in the Seine River. He had not yet become a prominent painter and was in a bad financial state and believed he couldn't provide for a family. That year he painted On the Bank of the Seine.
Sunrise was painted in 1872. A critic of the work is the reason this time period is called impressionism. It was meant as a criticism but became the term for this type of painting.
Tragedy in Monet's Life
In 1876, Camille becomes ill and dies of tuberculosis in 1879. The family had been sharing a house with another family. When the husband leaves his wife, the woman,Alice Hoschede, looks after Monet and his children. They eventually marry.
The next two years, Monet did series paintings. The Rouen paintings depict the city of Rouen at different times of day.
Monet's Later Years
The Water Lilies Series were some of his most famous paintings. They were finished shortly before his death.
Monet's eyesight begins to fail and by the time of his death, he is blind
Claude Monet died of lung cancer on December 5, 1926. He was 86 years old. His home and garden were bequeathed to the French Academy of Fine Arts
Composer - Wolfgang Mozart
Born on January 27, 1756 in Salzburg, Austria
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart started playing multiple instruments in public by the time he was 6 years old. His father, Leopold, devoted much of his time to his children's music education. Wolfgang met Johann Christian Bach in London and was strongly influenced by him. His first symphony was written at 12.
Mozart wrote a large number of psalms while in the orchestra of the court of Salzburg's ruler. He also gave violin and keyboard lessons.
While at Le Havre, Monet sold cariccatures to earn money. His first apprenticeship was with Jacques-Francois Orchard. Eugene Bouldin taught him to use oil paints and introduced him to painting the outdoors.
The outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War forced the family to flee to England. Monet studied the landscapes of John Constable.
For an unknown reason, he became suspected of Revolutionary activity and had to return to France.
The Japanese Bridge was their garden in their backyard that inspired another series of paintings.
Mozart settled down in Vienna. He became very successful playing the piano and composing.
In 1872, he married Constanze Weber against his father's wishes. He and Constanze had six children, however, only two lived beyond infancy.
Mozart produces many of his best known operas during his years in Vienna. Cosi fan tutte was one.
Another of Mozart's best known works is The Marriage of Figaro.
In 1769, Mozart's father took him to Italy to display the young boy's abilities. While in Rome, Wolfgang heard Gregorio Allegri's Miserere performed in the Sistine Chapel. After hearing it only once , he was able to write out the entire score from memory.
During his time in Italy, Mozart went on to write three operas: Mitridate, re di Ponto, Ascanio in Alba and Lucio Silla.
During his years in Salzburg Mozart had the opportunity to work in several different genres. He composed symphonies, string quartets, sonatas, serenades and a few operas. He also wrote five violin concertos.
In 1776, he began writing piano concertos. In 1777, he wrote the Piano Concerto Number 9 in E flat major. Mozart had just turned 21.
Mozart became a Freemason. The Magic Flute which he wrote later in life includes Masonic themes. He was in the Masonic Lodge with Joseph Haydn.
By the mid-1780's Wolfgang and Constanze's extravagant lifestyle began to take a toll. They begin to have serious financial difficulties. Austria was at war and the ability to support the arts declined. Mozart began to experience depression.
Mozart's physical and mental health began deteriorating. In spite of this he became preoccupied with finishing Requiem.
Mozart died on December 5, 1791 at age 35. The cause is unknown. Official records state that he had a fever of some kind. At the time of his death, Mozart was considered one of the greatest composers of all time.