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Jude Jarmillos

on 8 July 2015

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Transcript of MUSIC of the LOWLANDS of LUZON

Instrumental music
Las Piñas Bamboo Organ
Cultural Context
Social Functions
Performance Styles / Techniques
The Mass
Senakulo and Pabasa ng Pasyon
Flores de Mayo and Santacrusan
Music for Worship and Religious festivities
Spanish colonization
Christianity and Catholic religion
A form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the invariable portions of the Eucharisticliturgy (principally that of the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and Lutheranism) to music.
The Mass
The “Pastores” is a play portraying the nativity wherein they then solicit money from the owner of the house.
Moro-Moro is a type of Secular Komedya which portrays the clash between the Muslims and the Christians where the forbidden romance between the prince and the princess is settled by having the non-Christian be converted to christianity or by his or her death followed by a resurrection through divine intervention.

The Religious Komedya is also called Komedya de Santo centers on the life of Christ or of any saint. It usually seen during church celebrations. The actors move in a stylized way, have extravagant costumes and elaborately choreographed war scenes.

Moro-moro & Komedya
Lenten play depicting the life, suffering & death of Christ. Comes from Spanish word “cenaculo” meaning cenacle -room where the Last Supper took place

Pabasa festival is more like a tradition when old folks in particular read a book called “Pasyon” ( The Passion of Christ ). But instead of reading it, they chant it or read it in a tune. Singing the whole book phrase by phrase, line per line.
It is an Easter Sunday ritual done before dawn at exactly 4am and reenacts the Risen Christ’s meeting with His mother that originated from Marinduque

It is performed in the churchyard under a specially prepared arch where the veiled image of the Virgin Mary has been placed

Flores de Mayo & Santa Cruzan
Flores de Mayo (Spanish for "Flowers of May") is a festival held in the Philippines in the month of May. It is one of the May devotions to the Blessed Virgin Mary and lasts for the entire month.

The Santacruzan is the pageant on the last day of Flores de Mayo, held in honour of Helena of Constantinople (known as Reyna Elena) and Constantine the Great finding the True Cross in Jerusalem. Its observance in May probably stems from the old Galician date for Roodmas, which was abolished when Pope John XXIII combined it with the Feast of the Triumph of the Cross on 14 September

If there’s one thing that is unique about Las Piñas, it is the Bamboo Organ, which is considered a Philippine National Treasure. On November 24, 2003, it was given this recognition by the National Museum of the Philippines since “it is the only 19th century Bamboo Organ in the Philippines that has survived and is still functioning.” This unique musical instrument is composed of 1,031 pipes, and 902 of which are made out of bamboo while the rest are metal.

The man behind this masterpiece was a Spanish missionary called Fray Diego Cera Dela Virgen Del Carmel, who was in fact, the first parish priest in Las Piñas during the Spanish era. He came from the town of Graus (Huesca, Spain), but he settled in this part of the Philippines from 1795 to 1830.

Fr. Diego Cera started with the construction of the bamboo organ in 1816 and it was finished eight years after in 1824. It has gone through a lot since then.

The St. Joseph Parish Church in Las Piñas houses the Bamboo Organ, and it is about ten kilometers south of the heart of Metro Manila.

History and Traditions
The Tiples de Santo Domingo is an all-boy vocal group established in 1587 by Fr. Pedro Bolaños, O.P., and is currently the oldest existing choral group in the Philippines. The word “tiple” in Spanish means the soprano voice of a boy. When members reach the age of puberty, their voices change either to a tenor or a bass. The boys range from 8 years old to 14 and sometimes a little bit older.
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