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Legislative Branch

Organization of U.S. Legislative Branch
by

Kimberley Aldrich

on 23 February 2011

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Transcript of Legislative Branch

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH OF
THE UNITED STATES Law Making Branch Bicameral
Two houses Senate - Upper House -
intended to represent the states House of Representatives - lower house -
closer to the people House of Reps = 435 members
Elected every two years 25 years old
7 years U.S. Citizen
Resident of state and district represented Proportional Representation After the census, the 435 seats will be reapportioned among the states Speaker of the House Calls the house to order
Presides over debate
sets the agenda
appoints members to committees Majority Leader spokesperson for majority party
schedules legislation for consideration
unifies majority party Minority Leader spokesperson for minority party
unifies minority party Whips job is to "whip up" support for party legislation and keep members focused on mission the house of representatives have the sole power of impeachment Senate equal representation = 2 per state serve for 6 years
1/3 up for re-election every 2 years requirements:

30 years old
9 years U.S. citizen
resident of state represented President of the Senate only power is to cast
tie-breaking vote President pro tempore President for the time being Majority Leader

same role as in House Minority Leader same job as in House Whips same as in House Per the 20th Amendment, Congress meets every Jan 3 and continues business until finished - usually August. Senate rules

filibuster - may talk a bill to death

cloture - vote to end filibuster
rider - an unrelated amendment
attached to a bill likely to pass Discipline -

censure - a public reprimand
expulsion - kicked out Benefits -

Franking privilege - free job related mail
immunity - can't be prosecuted for doing job
office
travel to and from home
salary - $174,000 House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach public officials -

to accuse of misconduct in office The Senate has the sole power to conduct the trial of public officials who have been impeached

They also approve all Presidential appointments and treaties if the President has been impeached, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presides over the trial

it takes 2/3 vote to remove someone from office Every 10 years the government takes a population count called the census After the census, the 435 seats in the House of Represetatives are reapportioned among the states When the states learn how many seats they will get, they redistrict themselves Redistricting must make geographic sense. At times states have engaged in gerrymandering which is drawing political districts in a way to give unfair advantage to one political party This is what a district should look like ... This is what a gerrymandered district looks like ... And another .... Lets look at leadership
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