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Architecture Project

Early Christian
by

Pascale Nguyen

on 28 September 2012

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Transcript of Architecture Project

by Pascale and Lauren Early Christian The original church was merely a common room in a private residence. As Christianity spread, larger spaces became necessary. The hall church, or basilica, emerged. It consisted of a new construction scheme-a high middle aisle and two lower side aisles. The middle aisle was covered with a saddle roof, and the side aisle with a shed roofs. It was a building type derived from that used by the Romans for market halls or courts. Famous examples include the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem, Santa Sabina on the Aventine Rome, and Sant’ Apollinaire in Classe outside of Ravenna. Hit a turning point at 313 CE Dates and Important Time Periods Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem Saint Mary Major Modern Examples In Early Christian architecture a distinct emphasis was placed on the centralized plan, which was of round, polygonal, or cruciform shape. Baptisteries and memorial shrines (martyria) were based on the traditionally centralized Roman funerary monument. Martyria were erected on sites connected with certain events in the life of Jesus and other places held to be sanctified by the sacrifice of the martyrs Important Information Continued... Santa Sabina Sant Apollinare Originated in 300 CE Popularity of Early Christian Architecture slowly declined in 500 CE and leaned towards the Byzantine Era. Important Information Background Information
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