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Budapest's Architecture

Discovering the styles that shaped Budapest's definite architecture.
by

Olivia Rossi

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Budapest's Architecture

1849 Buda Castle First Gothic style building ever built, then reconstructed with elements of Renaissance and Baroque Chain Bridge First completed in 1849, and rebuilt 100 years later 1949 "Architecture should speak of its time and place, but yearn for timelessness." — Frank Gehry 1256 Among the many anecdotes and myths connected to the bridge, the most popular is the one about the sculptor who created the lions without tongues. The legend says that he was mocked so much that he jumped into the Danube in shame. 1854 Citadel 1918 Hotel Gellért Baroque 1900s Millennium Memorial Museum of Fine Arts Budapest Hall of Art 1370 St. Matthias Church decorative roofs extravagant detail 1896 Museum of Applied Arts 1904 Hungarian Parliament by day 1865 1907 1905 Gresham Palace St. Stephen's Basilica Pest Concert Hall Originally built in Romanesque style in 1013 Reconstructed in the florid late Gothic style in the second half of the 14th century Extensively restored in the late 19th century Gothic 2nd largest church of medieval Buda Classical First bridge ever built in Budapest! In reality, the lions do have tongues (which are not easily visible) and the sculptor lived on for several more decades. crafted by János Marschalkó At the time, the suspension bridge was the longest in Europe 375 meters (1230ft) long by 16 meters wide Previously a fortress of defense
Built by the Habsburgs to demonstrate control over the Hungarians Classical Located atop the Gellért Hill Liberty Statue Unique panorama of Budapest! Erected in 1947
Symbol of peace
Remembering of the Soviet liberation of Hungary from Nazi forces during World War II fortified walls Art Nouveau Primarily Art Nouveau, mixed with Oriental and Romance styles One of the most significant venues of music life in Budapest Art Nouveau Traditional Hungarian design elements merged with Islamic and Hindu motifs along with some Western European Art Nouveau Hungarian motif First museum in Hungary which collects contemporary artifacts Eclectic Neoclassical 1906 1895 Features the history of visual arts in Europe Part of the World Heritage sites Statues of the leaders of the seven tribes that founded Hungary in the 9th century led by prince Árpád Other outstanding figures of Hungarian history Neo-Gothic Seat of the National Assembly of Hungary
Hungary's most famous landmark Largest building in Hungary:
691 rooms, 268 metres long, 123 meters wide The base itself consists of 2-5 meter thick solid concrete
The facade includes 90 statues, the interior walls are decorated with 152 statues
About 40kg of 22-23 carat gold was used for decorations extensive detail Dome is 96 metres high! Front facade overlooking the Danube river Largest church in Budapest Classical 96m dome can be seen from all parts of the city Named in honour of Stephen, the first King of Hungary Religious engravings Art Nouveau Houses the luxurious Four Seasons Gresham Palace Hotel Smooth façade that attracts attention mainly to the curved roofline Bay windows and the pilasters along the front of the building Ironwork Art Nouveau Incorporates some Biomorphic elements (naturally occurring patterns or shapes in nature) Famous for its thermal baths and spa Oriental cone-shaped towers of the hotel and eventful frontage are characteristic Budapest's Architecture Part of the World Hertiage Sites
The reconstructed version after WWII is what stands today pear-shaped dome by day: castle fortifications Evolution of Architecture used specific and exact construction rules Classical Baroque Gothic Neo-Gothic Art Nouveau first distinctive style of architecture symmetrical simple columns tall and grand, flying buttresses notably large towers and spires pointed arch dominant, dramatic, large and complex sculptures curvaceousness complex shapes high domes carvings pinnacles and spires pointed stain glass windows decorative patterns great height buttresses Sources Information Photos Olivia Rossi, Olivia Lento
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Buda_Castle_Day.JPG
http://www.budapestagent.com/wp-content/gallery/chainbridge/chainbridge3.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/69/Citadel_Budapest-2.jpg
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_lZefszQlLTI/TP-p9grhuxI/AAAAAAAAAEw/XO5Rt-1rwJ4/s1600/Matthias+Church%252C+Trinity+Square+%25281890%25E2%2580%2599s%2529.png
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/Museum_of_Applied_Arts_%28Budapest%29.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e8/Saint_Stephen%27s_Basilica_Budapest.jpg
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_lZefszQlLTI/TPs8Em-k3hI/AAAAAAAAAEA/esdjqLs-H5w/s1600/Vigado+or+Pest+Concert+Hall%252C+Vigado+Square+%25281890%25E2%2580%2599s%2529.png
http://aubreysadventuresabroad.files.wordpress.com/2011/10/174.jpg (Various) http://www.lookingatbuildings.org.uk/typo3temp/pics/G_fee1f144a4.jpg
http://www.newchurchhistory.org/articles/cathedral/pictures/ld51lg.jpg
http://www.dreamhomedesignusa.com/images/Photoshop%20Images/Baroque%20Architecture%20porch.gif
http://blog.marcantonioarchitects.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/St_Denis_Drawing.jpg.scaled.500.jpg
http://katspencerblogg.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/blogbuilding.jpg
http://www.thecityreview.com/parisb16.gif
http://shard2.1stdibs.us.com/archivesE/upload/8645/605/XXX_8645_1342557594_1.jpg
http://mw2.google.com/mw-panoramio/photos/medium/14320132.jpg (E.O.A Timeline) http://architecture.about.com/cs/historicperiods/a/timeline.htm
http://visitbudapest.travel/arts-entertainment/budapest-museums/museum-of-applied-arts/
http://www.walkingmelbourne.com/style_info2.html?style=18
http://visitbudapest.travel/guide/budapest-architecture/
http://www.budapestarchitect.com/text/artnouveau/archartnouveau_en.php#.UX2nd5XhBsM
http://www.bbc.com/travel/slideshow/20110808-beautiful-budapest
http://www.travelblog.org/Europe/Hungary/Central-Hungary/Budapest/blog-642640.html
http://disappearingbudapest.blogspot.ca/2008/09/art-nouveau-architecture-in-budapest.html
http://www.budapest.com/city_guide.en.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1352473/Baroque-architecture
http://www.learn.columbia.edu/ha/html/baroque.html
http://www.cathedralquest.com/baroque_architecture.htm
http://www.dezeen.com/2008/12/19/cet-budapest-by-onl/
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/gothic_church_architecture.htm
http://www.exploring-castles.com/characteristics_of_gothic_architecture.html Neoclassical clean and elegant lines uncluttered appearance free standing columns flat and horizontal roof asymmetrical shapes extensive use of arches and curves curved (or stained) glass inspired by tradition Eclectic (infused with neoclassical elements) involves using past styles from different eras and regions into one composition cannot be described by using one style category Art Nouveau motifs Classical lines Baroque sculptures complex shapes large tower detail symmetrical cultural patterns arches mosaics Neoclassical columns motifs Classical lines flat roof uncluttered appearance pinnacles carvings Olivia Rossi, Olivia Lento, Vanessa Saracino Europe 2013 organic in form, with curving facades unconventional, exotic appearance glazed tiles, wrought ironwork, richly coloured pyrogranite tiles Statues representing war and peace http://www.marcmaison.com/architectural-antiques-resources/neo_gothic_style
http://www.personal.psu.edu/ruo3/group.html
http://www.lookingatbuildings.org.uk/styles/classical.html
http://www.aviewoncities.com/budapest/matthiaschurch.htm
http://visitbudapest.travel/arts-entertainment/budapest-museums/museum-of-applied-arts/
http://www.worldofleveldesign.com/categories/architecture/neoclassical/neoclassical_architecture.php
http://www.aviewoncities.com/budapest/parliament.htm
http://www.budapest.com/city_guide/culture/concert_halls/pest_redout.en.html
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