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Human Rights in Islam
Transcript of Human Rights in Islam
By Zaheda, Mariyam, and Abrar
The Pre-Islamic Era
This was a time where human rights were being violated.
Women did not have any rights and people were very cruel to baby girls, even burying them alive!
People used to kill their neighbors over trivial matters.
Slaves were brutally oppressed
The Prophet (p.b.u.h)
The Prophet Muhammed was born into the Pre-Islamic era, however he was completely different from many of the other people of his time.
Even before he became a Prophet, at a young age, he began showing people what human rights were through his actions and behavior.
One of the ways he did this was by showing people his good behavior, and how you should treat others. People used to call him Al- Sadiq and Al-Ameen and used to leave their valuable possessions with him, as they knew he would protect them.
However the true beginning of human rights in Arabia came when Islam was revealed to the Prophet.
This was because part of the religion of Islam was observing human rights.
Another important thing that the Prophet did for human rights at a young age, was that he joined an organization called The League of the Virtuous, which was committed to defending the weak and opposing the tyrants.
The Quran ordered people to observe many kinds of human rights, which people had been ignoring during the Pre-Islamic Era.
Right to Life and Peaceful Living
Right to Own and Produce Property
Rights of Minorities and Other religious groups
Human Rights in the Quran
After the revelation to the Prophet, it was observed that many of the verses of the Qur'an promoted rights of humans regardless of their color, ethnicity or cultural background.
Became the foundation upon which the modern Islamic human rights came about
Rights regarding equality
Emphasized the equality of man as deriving from the Unity of its common Creator.
“O mankind, be mindful of your duty to your Lord, Who created you from a single soul and from the same, created its mate and from them twain caused to spread large numbers of men and women; and be mindful of your duty to Allah, in Whose name you appeal to one another, and be mindful of the ties of kinship” (4:2)
Rights concering unlawful killing
Infanticide, murder and suicide were deemed forbidden (haram) in the eyes of Allah.
“Wherefore We prescribed for the children of Israel that whosoever killed a person- unless it be for killing a person or creating disorder in the land- it shall be as if he had slaughtered all mankind; and whoso secures the life of one, it shall be as if he secured the life of all mankind” (5:33)
Abolition of slavery
Quran also promoted abolition of slavery that persisted during the Pre-Islamic era.
Slaves were treated extremely harshly.
Treatment of the captives as commanded by the prophet after the Muslim's victory in battle of Badr greatly affected the mindsets of the people.
Modern Day Islamic human rights
Modern day Islamic Human rights in Arab countries vary greatly from each other.
In some parts of the Muslim world, there is little respect for human rights, whilst other countries treat the issue with more importance.
Arab and Non- Arab countries
Cairo provides very few rights to religious minorities and also considers converting from Islam to another religion as a felony.
Executions and public hangings are held frequently and prisoners are brutally tortured in Saudi Arabia. Women have minimal rights as they are not allowed to work, are forced to conceal their bodies and are always supposed to be accompanied by a male blood relative.
Current regime in Pakistan brought torture, extrajudicial and unofficial executions and other violations in basic human rights
Main concern was the concept of honor killing, which cost lives of many young men and women, especially women that shamed their households.
It is evident that the human rights in Arab countries currently are very poor.
Main cause of this would be that many of these countries are in political turmoil as they all consist of weak or unstable forms of government.
However, from personal perspective, it is important that they realize that Islam was one religion that firmly established rights for humans and that they should represent their country's foremost religion by upholding those rules.