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Copy of Expository vs. Persuasive
Transcript of Copy of Expository vs. Persuasive
You will be shown the first few sentences of
an example essay, and you need to decide if it
is a persuasive or expository essay.
Expository v. Persuasive Essays
H.M. King High School
Today we will have a quick overview of the basic components of both. You will need to take good notes as these two types of essays are very similar, but the knowing the difference could be the difference between passing and failing the STAAR exams.
As Ricky Ricardo was known for saying,
"Lucy, you have some 'splainin to do."
In expository essays you will be doing
some 'splainin of your own.
Expository essays are essays where the purpose is to inform, describe, explain, or define the author's subject to the reader
Expository essays use facts and opinions
to explain to the audience the author's
view on a given topic/issue/question.
Each expository essay will include
a thesis. It is the job of the author
to explain the thesis to the reader.
While similar, persuasive speeches
are also slightly different. Dr. Martin Luther
King Jr. was one of the best persuasive
speakers of the 20th century.
Persuasive essays are essays in which the author uses words to convince the reader of his/her view regarding an issue. Persuasive writing sometimes involves convincing the reader to perform an action, or it may simply consist of an argument(s) convincing the reader of the writer’s point of view.
Persuasive essays will also use
facts and opinions. However, instead of
using them to explain their view, this time
they are used to persuade/convince the
reader that the author is right.
Persuasive essays also include a thesis.
The difference is that the thesis of a
persuasive essay includes the
presupposition that the author is right.
So what is the Difference?
In an expository essay, my job is to explain. That is it.
If I do a good job explaining my reasons for believing
or doing what I do, and the reader disagrees,
it doesn't really matter.
In a persuasive essay, if I give my reasons
for believing or doing something, and the
reader does not agree at the end, then I did
not do my job.
In expository essays you are concerned
with explaining what you think, or what you
would do. You may be right, you may be wrong,
you may change you mind, but it is what you think.
In persuasive essays you are concerned with explaining what everyone should think/believe/do. You know you are right, you will always will be right, and everyone should agree.
8th grade was my favorite year of school.
High School is much better than Middle School because...
Notice how the sentence said "is better". Not "I like HS more
than MS" or "I think HS is better than MS". The author is trying
to argue that he is right, and if you disagree you are wrong.
Notice how this one only said that is was "my favorite".
Not that it was the best, or should be everyone's. Since this
is explaining a single person's view it is an expository essay.
Giving to charity is a great feeling. I love helping
people which is why I feel it is better to give than
While this one starts off with a
general statement, "Giving to charity is a great feeling", the rest
explains the author's views. He does not claim everyone should feel the same way.
Giving to charity is a great feeling. If you never give anything away, you will become a selfish person, and no one likes people who are overly selfish. That is why everyone should give money or time to charity every year.
Even though this has the same start as the last one, it ends differently. Instead explaining why the author likes to give to charity, it begins to argue why everyone should have to give to charity. This makes it a persuasive essay.
Includes a Thesis
Concerned with YOUR
Concerned with what
you feel should be EVERYONE'S views/beliefs/actions
Author does not assume
he is right.
Includes a presupposition
that the author is correct.
other side of the
Does not need to address
other possible arguments