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Climate Zones

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on 18 April 2014

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Transcript of Climate Zones

Types of Climates
There are 10 climates on Earth. Tropical Rain forest, Tropical Grassland/ Savannah, Mediterranean Scrub land, Desert, Polar Ice Cap, Major Mountain Regions, Coniferous Forest/ Taiga, Dry Grassland, Temperate/ Broadleaved Forest, and Tundra are all of Earth's climates.
Climates & Climate Zones
By: Shirley Pandya

Tropical Rain Forests
Tropical Grassland/ Savannah
Mediterranean Scrub Land
Desert
Polar Ice Caps
Major Mountain Regions
Coniferous Forest/ Taiga
Dry Grassland
Temperate/ Broadleaved Forest
Tundra
Tropical Rainforests are wet and hot year-round. There are many different types of trees and are homes of many tropical birds and animals. The Amazon Rainforest is located in South America.
A desert is the driest climate of the world! It is home to cacti, lizards, and rodents, because not many species of animals and plants can survive in a desert. The Sahara desert, located in Africa is the hottest desert, and its temperature can reach up to approximately 140 degrees Fahrenheit!
Polar Ice Cap is the coldest climate. It is covered with ice all year. The sun does not set in the summer, but in winter it is always dark. It is home to very few animals, such as penguins, seals, and walruses. Antarctica is a polar ice cap.
Major Mountain Regions have less vegetation, or plant life. The mountains are usually covered with ice and snow. The Himalayas, in Asia, is a major mountain region, and has the tallest mountain on Earth.
Tundra is treeless and cold, but there is lots of life there. In short summers, parts of the tundra melt, but the subsoil is always frozen. Some tundra has grass, but others are mainly snow and ice. Parts of Alaska, Canada, and the Arctic Circle are tundra.
Savannahs have tall grasses. Seasons here are long and hot, and it is followed by a rainy season. Did you know that Florida is the only state in U.S. that has a Tropical grassland climate? That's why Florida doesn't participate in the winter snow.
Mediterranean Scrub land has hot, dry summers, and cool, humid winters. It is home to some grazing animals. Citrus fruit, grapes, and figs do good in this climate. Of course, the Mediterranean has this climate!
These forests are called the "cold forests", and are south of tundra. Coniferous forests have evergreen trees. Coniferous forests make up most of Canada.
This climate has hot summers and cold winters. Farmers commonly raise herds of beef cattle in the Argentinian Pampas.
Oak, maple, and beech are trees that grow well in this climate. There is enough rainfall and a variety of wildlife lives in Temperate Forests. Leaves are multiple colored. The eastern side of U.S. is mainly Temperate forests.
Mr. Parr "Biome" Song
Mr. Parr says that there are 6
main
biomes, or climates, but there are 4.
Geography
Here is a world map with the climates.
What is a climate zone?
A climate zone is a region of the world that has similar average temperatures and precipitation over a long period of time.
Words to know for this lesson:
Vegetation-Plants found in a particular climate or habitat
Geography-the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere
Weather-What is happening in the atmosphere at a certain place and time
Habitat-The place where an organism lives and can find everything it needs to survive
Thanks for watching! Hope you learned a lot about climates & climate zones!
This is where we live.
Florida is a tropical grassland.
Fun Fact!
Florida "doesn't participate in winter", because right at the border of Florida, the climate changes to temperate/broadleaved forests.
The 4 main climates
In this lesson, I will be telling you about all 10 climates, but you only need to know the 4 main climates.
4 main climates:
Desert- hot and dry
Swamp- wetland
Tropical Rainforest- Trees and variety of animals
Polar Regions- cold icebergs
The 3 climate zones:
Temperate- temperature ranges from 10-18 degrees Celsius, varying precipitation, and four seasons
Tropical- near equator, temperatures usually greater than 18 degrees Celsius, precipitation varies, and lush, diverse forests/ grass
Polar- covered in ice and snow year-round, found near poles, temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius, little precipitation, and very few plants and animals
A climate is the long-term weather patterns of a place.
Full transcript