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Reading Reward Programs and Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivati

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Stephanie Simmons

on 15 October 2016

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Transcript of Reading Reward Programs and Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivati

Reading Reward Programs:
Are They Effective?

Effects of Being Extrinsically Motivated
Negative or no relationship between text comprehension and being extrinsically motivated
Reading is done at a more superficial level, and focus is not on comprehending what is being read

Effects of Being Intrinsically Motivated
read more often out of school (voluntarily)
enjoy reading
are involved, or engaged, in their reading
Extrinsic Motivation
"...refers to participation in an activity based on external values and demands."

good grades
praise and recognition

Intrinsic Motivation
“...the inherent tendency to seek out novelty and challenges, to extend and exercise one’s capacities, to explore, and to learn”

voluntary reading
Wang, J. H.-Y., & Guthrie, J. T. (2004). Modeling the effects of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, amount of reading, and past reading achievement on text comprehension between U.S. and Chinese students. Reading Research Quarterly, 39(2), 162–186.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68–78. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.68
This leads to better reading comprehension and competence, including vocabulary development.
Examples of Reading
Reward Programs
Pizza Hut's BOOK IT!
Library Summer Reading Programs
School-wide reading programs (Olympics, Erie Canal)

Ways to Increase
Intrinsic Motivation
Reward students for effort and progress
Set realistic goals
Allow students to be involved in decisions
Give tools needed for success
Encourage competition against self
Give students a higher purpose--make them feel like they are making a difference
Full transcript