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Economic Change

Geography GSE Edexcel A


on 12 June 2013

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Transcript of Economic Change

Lesson 12 Test Time
Lesson 13 Economic Change NICs
Lessons 5 & 6 Topics Sectors of Industry
Changing primary sector in the UK
Changing secondary sector in the UK Economic Sectors Primary



Quaternary How does industry change over time? Exam Questions Lesson 8 Increase in tertiary sector
Lesson 7 Location Factors
Lessons 9 & 10 The economy of a county is divided into 3 or 4 sectors. Each sector involves a different types of economic activity. Extraction of raw materials from the ground or the sea. It includes farming, fishing, forestry and mining. This involves the manufacturing of goods using the raw materials from primary industry, for example paper making processes the raw material of wood to produce paper. Tertiary industry does not produce anything, but often involves the provision of different services. Teachers, solicitors, sales assistants and cleaners are all tertiary occupations. This is a relatively new sector that is mainly found in HICs. It is concerned with ICT and R&D. It also includes Universities. Brainstorm all of the different jobs that you can think of. Sort them into categories Record the 4 different types of industry in your book and give examples of each. Describe how the importance of each sector changes over time. Primary sector leads the economy.
Can employ up to 2/3 of the working population.
Agriculture is key. Secondary and tertiary increase in importance.
Primary declines.
Secondary peaks - but rarely provides jobs for more than half of the workforce. Tertiary establishes itself as most important sector.
Primary and secondary continue their decline.
Quaternary appears. What causes this change? Sketch 3 pie charts for the UK, China and Ethiopia to show the economic sectors (primary, secondary and tertiary). Describe, and suggest reasons for, the balance of economic sectors shown by the pie charts on page 158. Make sure you use numerical data in your answer. Lesson 1 Economic Sectors The Changing UK Economy
Lessons 2 - 4 Exam questions... Changing Industry in the UK In pairs produce a double sided poster that highlights the reasons for the decline of the primary and secondary industries in the UK. You need to include:
Key stats
Change over time
Case studies Think about... How can you avoid becoming an expert in one area only? The depth needed for you to be able to answer exam questions on the topic. Not just rewording the text book Once you have competed your posters we will take photos of it and stick them into your books so that you have all of the key information you need. Using technology...QR codes to direct you to useful websites when revising Photos of your posters will be put in the rest of this whiteboard space to help you when revising. Poster by a Year 10 students rather than a 10 year old! Deadline 14th May Deindustrialisation
Lesson 12 BRICs Brazil
China fast-growing developing economies Account for more than a quarter of the world's land area and more than 40% of the world's population.
Among the biggest and fastest growing emerging markets.
Not likely to come together in a trade alliance (like the EU) BUT they did have their first BRICs summit June 09
The economies of the BRICs are rapidly developing and by the year 2050 will eclipse most of the current richest countries of the world.
In less than 40 years, the BRICs’ economies together could be larger than the G7 in US dollar terms. By 2025 they could account for over half the size of the G7. Currently they are worth less than 15%.

Where will their power come from?

China will be the biggest supplier of manufactured goods India will be the dominant global suppliers of services Brazil and Russia would become similarly dominant as suppliers of raw materials. Brazil is dominant in soy and iron ore Russia has enormous supplies of oil and natural gas Why have secondary industries boomed in China? Natural Resources (energy) China's Industrial Explosion Communism to capitalism Global demand for cheap goods Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Few regulations Large, cheap labour force Match up the questions to their answers Create a spider diagram of your thoughts. Add these to your diagram then add in extra links to explain how they have caused the industrial explosion in China Annual Growth of GDP (%) http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG/countries/CN-GB-IN-RU-US?display=graph Impacts of the rapid industrialisation in China Advantages Disadvantages Complete a table to illustrate the impacts in China. Education Topography Location Economic Social Env. Economic Social Env. Explain the growth of the secondary sector in one LIC or Middle Income Country (MIC).(4) Study Figure 1c. It shows the changes in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for China due to the growth in secondary industries between 1995 and 2006.

(i) Describe the changes shown on Figure 1c.Use GDP data in your answer. (3)

(ii) Outline the effects, on a country, of growth in the secondary sector.(3) Why?? Disposable incomes have increased New Technologies Decrease in primary and secondary sectors Demographic changes Annotate your graph to show changes over time in the source of GDP for the UK Describe the trend shown by your graph
(4 marks) What has development got to do with it? Has the tertiary sector stayed the same over time? How has it changed? The Grey Pound 15% > 64 Currently 5% > 64 in 1911 Meet the 'ski-ers' Spending the Kids Inheritance Where are they spending this money? Saga M&S and L'Oreal advertising B&Q Remember...

Not all elderly people fall into this category...some are in poverty and need help from charities (which incidentally is also part of the tertiary sector) Complete the exam questions.
HWK - Use the mark scheme to mark you own. Complete your self review sheet. What factors might affect the location of a factory? Expand upon the points on your sheet So what would you have to consider when building a new thermal power station? Complete your sheet to show the physical and economic factors. What about a supermarket? Skills Practice Complete the tasks on the sheet regarding the Nissan Plant in Sunderland Timeline of construction 52 facts about Eden What industries have previously been located in rural area? Flour Milling Brick making Brewing Making cloth Mining Dangerous manufacturing eg fireworks and guns As time has passed... Mineral deposits are exhausted Flour milling and brewing are located in large units Demand is changing Increased competition What were these previously?
What are they now? Deindustrialisation Costs Benefits Loss of jobs in rural areas Break up of rural communities as people move to towns and cities Derelict and disused buildings scar the landscape Costs of improving industrial sites Less environmental pollution Tourism potential Opportunity to improve aesthetics of landscape Reagriculturalisation New housing on brownfield sites Case Study:
Hollow Banks Quarry 20 Hectares (1 hectare = 10000 square meters) Near Catterick - North Yorkshire Sand and gravel extracted between 1999 and 2003 Site was restored by owners (Tarmac Ltd) soon after closure Sketch map of location Background Characteristics of restoration Key facts and figures Evaluation Ensure that you have a record of the following (in an appropriate order) Case Study:
The Eden Project Sketch map of location Background Characteristics of restoration Key facts and figures Evaluation Ensure that you have a record of the following (in an appropriate order) https://sites.google.com/site/tourisminkernow/case-study-of-tourism-in-cornwall-the-eden-project http://www.realcooljobs.com/documents/EdenscreenversionFINAL.pdf Homework
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