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Copy of Josiah Quincy

Prison Reform
by

Gabby Buchan

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Josiah Quincy

Josiah Quincy
&
Prison Reforms Background Information Background Information Background Information Prisons Today Background Information Why reform prisons? Born on February 4, 1772 Died on July 1, 1864
Quincy's parents were Abigail Phillips and patriot leader Josiah Quincy
He was a Congressman, judge of the Massachusetts municipal court, state representative, mayor of Boston, and president of Harvard College Educated as a boarder from the age of six at Phillips Academy
Josiah graduated from Harvard College with the class of 1790
he was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1793
He married Eliza Susan Morton of New York in 1797 with whom he had seven children After a term in the Massachusetts Senate, he was elected in 1805 to the United States House of Representatives
In 1809 when he called for the impeachment of the outgoing President Thomas Jefferson, his motion was defeated by a vote of 117-1
Quincy left Washington, at age forty-one, and returned to his estate in Braintree with little to show for ten years of public service. In Massachusetts Quincy served in the State Senate, 1813-20, in the House, 1821-22, as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, 1820, and as Mayor of Boston, 1823-28
As Mayor of Boston, he professionalized and modernized employment practices of the newly incorporated city and centralized authority in the mayoral office
He developed a Department for the Correction and Reformation for Juvenile Offenders which undertook to instruct the wayward poor in appropriate manners tailored to their circumstances
Boston was known as the healthiest city, and one of the most indebted, in the United States. Many political enemies, provoked largely by his dictatorial style, & denied re-election in 1828 to Quincy Overcrowded prisons (2-3 inmates per cell)
Fights between inmates/staff
Unsanitary Conditions
Low funding causes poor nutrition
Prisoners forced in solitary confinement usually have years extended on them. Said to be a violation of a person's rights (cruel & unusual punishment)
Confinement does not improve a criminal's mental being
Most prisoners that are released are unemployed
Unemployed prisoners = increase in unemployment rate Do you think prisons are beneficial to society?
Do you think solitary confinement improves a prisoner's behavior?
Do you think it's better to bring prisoners out for help around society or in a confined area? Critical Thinking Question Prisoners were stored in tiny cells with hundreds of people at a time
The ill patients at the hospitals got sent to the
jails and stayed in cells because of over crowding and were treated like prisoners
prisoners had to pay for there living, they
bought their own food, beverages, and coal for fires from the prison. Prisons in 1800 there were no toilets in the cells so therefore the prisoners had to do their business in a bucket
prisons were extremely unsanitary, with all of the disease that went around without cures.
if a poor person stole food such as bread they would be transported to Australia, but if a wealthy person stole a loaf of bread they would be fined, then set free.
they were also chained to the wall so that they couldn't escape at the prisons and on the prison ships. Prisons in the 1800s Most male prisoners made herring nets or picked oakum. Some with special skills were employed at shoe making, tailoring or joinery work.
Female prisoners picked oakum, knitted stockings or sewed.
Prisons usually died of starvation because they were only fed a tiny portion of bread with water. Prisons in the 1800s The End How this relates to you? Does in school suspension or detention, actually cause you to change your ways or old habits?
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