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HSCI 120 Self, Family, & Community (Chapter 1)
Transcript of HSCI 120 Self, Family, & Community (Chapter 1)
Social Ecological Model of Health & Wellness
Interrelationship between individual & environment
Chromosomes, Genes, and DNA
Family Health Tree
Chapter 1: Self, Family, & Community
Health v. Wellness
Health: state of complete physical, mental, social, and spiritual well-being
Genetics & Environment alone fail to explain many health issues.
Wellness: process of adopting patterns of behavior that can lead to improved health and heightened life satisfaction
Many determinants influence options & choices
Terms to know...
The process by which an unspecialized cell divides and gives rise to a specialized cell.
An undifferentiated cell that is capable of giving rise to different types of specialized cells.
Alteration in the DNA sequence of a gene.
: Alternate forms of genes. May be either
Most characteristics (such as height or skin color) are determined by the interaction of multiple genes at multiple sites of different chromosomes.
Some diseases are purely genetic.
Most human diseases are multifactoral disorders.
Pinpoints areas of special concern/risk
What should I eat?
How should I spend my time?
Who should I hang out with?
What are my beliefs?
Where do I live?
Theories of Behavior Change:
Health Belief Model
Health Belief Model
being an informed consumer
The ability to
Public Health v. Medicine
Community Level Intervention
Which communities do we target?
Healthy People Initiative
Leading Health Indicators
The Healthy People Initiative
Overweight and obesity
Responsible sexual behavior
Leading health indicators:
priority public health issues to be targeted
Injury and violence
Access to health care
Increased focus on health determinants
"factors that affect the health of individuals, demographic groups, or entire populations."
While reading each chapter of this text:
Reflect on your current level of health in that area
Assess your readiness to change any harmful behaviors, and develop a behavior change plan
Think about the influences that shape your decisions
Share health information with family members and friends
For the quarter...
For next class...
Read chapter 13 (infectious disease)
Sign up for a presentation date (email)
Prepare your extra credit presentation
Only 6 more classes before M1
What is health?
Ecological Model of Health
Fetus, bone marrow, adipose tissue (lipid cells), blood.
cancer v. sickle-cell anemia
pathogen v. animal
eye/hair color, nose shape, etc.