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HSCI 120 Self, Family, & Community (Chapter 1)

Self, Family, and Community
by

Jacob VanderKam

on 27 November 2014

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Transcript of HSCI 120 Self, Family, & Community (Chapter 1)

The Wellness Continuum
Wellness
Social Ecological Model of Health & Wellness
Interrelationship between individual & environment
Chromosomes, Genes, and DNA
Family Health Tree
Behavior
Choice
Chapter 1: Self, Family, & Community
Health v. Wellness
Health: state of complete physical, mental, social, and spiritual well-being

What's missing?
Genetics & Environment alone fail to explain many health issues.
Wellness: process of adopting patterns of behavior that can lead to improved health and heightened life satisfaction
Many determinants influence options & choices
http://www.yourdiseaserisk.siteman.wustl.edu/YDRDefault.aspx?ScreenControl=YDRGeneral&ScreenName=YDRHome.htm
Terms to know...
Differentiation
Stem Cell
Mutation
Allele
Differentiation:
The process by which an unspecialized cell divides and gives rise to a specialized cell.
Stem Cell:
An undifferentiated cell that is capable of giving rise to different types of specialized cells.
Mutation:
Alteration in the DNA sequence of a gene.
Allele
: Alternate forms of genes. May be either
dominant
, or
recessive.
Most characteristics (such as height or skin color) are determined by the interaction of multiple genes at multiple sites of different chromosomes.

Some diseases are purely genetic.
Most human diseases are multifactoral disorders.
Genes
Environmental factors
heart disease
cancer
diabetes
obesity
schizophrenia
Illustrates patterns
Pinpoints areas of special concern/risk
What should I eat?
How should I spend my time?
Who should I hang out with?
What are my beliefs?
Where do I live?
Theories of Behavior Change:
Health Belief Model
Transtheoretical Model
Health Belief Model
Transtheoretical Model
Health Literacy
Health Risk
http://www.ratemyprofessors.com/ShowRatings.jsp?tid=1860075
Health Literacy:

being an informed consumer
read
understand
act
The ability to
Health Information
Health Risk
Age
Gender
Family History
Income
Education
Geographical Location
and more!!!
Public Health v. Medicine
Populations
Individual
Treatment
Interventions
Health Promotion
Disease Prevention
Community Level Intervention
Which communities do we target?
Partnership
Engagement
Relevance
Cultural Sensitivity
Demographics
Political Agendas
Healthy People Initiative
Health Determinants
Leading Health Indicators
The Healthy People Initiative
Physical activity
Overweight and obesity
Tobacco use
Substance abuse
Responsible sexual behavior
Leading health indicators:
priority public health issues to be targeted

Mental health
Injury and violence
Environmental quality
Immunization
Access to health care
Increased focus on health determinants
"factors that affect the health of individuals, demographic groups, or entire populations."
http://www.encognitive.com/node/10347
While reading each chapter of this text:

Reflect on your current level of health in that area

Assess your readiness to change any harmful behaviors, and develop a behavior change plan

Think about the influences that shape your decisions

Share health information with family members and friends

For the quarter...
For next class...
Read chapter 13 (infectious disease)

Sign up for a presentation date (email)

Prepare your extra credit presentation

Only 6 more classes before M1

What is health?
Ecological Model of Health
Individual Factors
Community Factors

Fetus, bone marrow, adipose tissue (lipid cells), blood.
cancer v. sickle-cell anemia
pathogen v. animal
eye/hair color, nose shape, etc.
Take Attendance
Collect Attendance
Full transcript