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Shakespeare Introduction- 6th Grade ROMEO AND JULIET

6th Grade- Romeo and Juliet and Bard Intro

Dana Hoover

on 1 July 2014

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Transcript of Shakespeare Introduction- 6th Grade ROMEO AND JULIET

William Shakespeare

-During this time, the year you were born in and the year you died in, were not recorded.
-Churches recorded the year you were baptized and the year you were buried, so that's how we can figure out Shakespeare's age.
-William Shakespeare was baptized on April 26th, 1564. Baptisms typically were held a few days after the child was born. (Holy Trinity Church, Stratsford upon Avon)
-not many records exist about William's childhood and education.
-Scholars suppose that around the age of 4 or 5, Shakespeare entered the Stratford King's New School (grammar school)
-It is believed he studied Latin, literature, history, theater, and acting.
-Scholars believe the work he did in school, and the time he spent there, had a great impact on his life as a writer and actor.

Shakespeare's Family
Early Life
Shakespeare - Playwright
-William Shakespeare's father was John Shakespeare, a glover and tradesman.
-His mother, Mary Arden, was the daughter of a farmer.
-Shakespeare was the third of eight children . However, his two older sisters, Joan and Margaret, died of the
black plague
when William was very young.
A list of Shakespeare's siblings:
Joan: outlived all her siblings included Shakespeare and died when she was seventy

It has been recorded that Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway on November 28, 1582 in Canterbury Province. Shakespeare was 18 and Anne was 26 when Anne was first pregnant. (SCANDALOUS) William and Anne had their first child and daughter, Susanna, on May 26, 1583. On February 2, 1585, 2 years later, twins, Hamnet and Judith, were born to William and Anne. However, at the age of 11, Hamnet died of unknown causes.
1. Merriman, C.D. "William Shakespeare."
The Literature Network
. Jalic Inc, 2006. Web. 5 Feb 2014.
2. "William Shakespeare: Childhood."
. Shmoop University. Web. 5 Feb 2014.
3. Mabillard, Amanda. "Shakespeare's Education and Childhood."
Shakespeare Online
. Web. 5 Feb 2014.
4. "The Life of William Shakespeare."
Shakespeare in American Communities
. National Endowment for the Arts. Web. 6 Feb 2014.
5. "William Shakespeare."
. A+E Television Networks, 1996. Web. 7 Feb 2014.
6. "Shakespeare Facts."
. ShakespeareBirthplaceTrust. Web. 9 Feb 2014.
7. "William Shakespeare: Playwright."
. Shmoop University. Web. 9 Feb 2014.
8. Jamieson, Lee. "Plays by Shakespeare."
. About.com. Web. 10 Feb 2014.
9. Mabillard, Amanda. "Shakespeare's Shortest Play."
Shakespeare Online
. Web. 10 Feb 2014.
10. Mabillard, Amanda. "Shakespeare's Longest Play."
Shakespeare Online
. Web. 10 Feb 2014.
11. Hogsflesh, Richard. "Lesser Known Shakespeare Plays."

10 Feb 2014.
12. Dennis, Felix. "4 Shakespeare Controversies."
The Week.
The WEEK Publications. Web. 10 Feb 2014.
13. "Shakespeare Facts."

10 Feb 2014.
14. "100 Facts About William Shakspeare."
10 Feb 2014.
Works Cited
Text Messaging in Verona
"O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo?" -
Romeo and Juliet
"It is the east, and Juliet is the sun." -
Romeo and Juliet
"But love is blind, and lovers cannot see." -
The Merchant of Venice
"A man can die but once." -
King Henry IV Part II
"Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears; I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him." -
Julius Caesar

"Et tu, Brute!" -
Julius Caesar
"There's daggers in men's smiles." -
"Fair is foul, and foul is fair." -
"I am a man more sinned against than sinning."-
King Lear
"Be not afraid of greatness: some are born great, some achieve greatness and some have greatness thrust upon them." -
Twelfth Night
"The course of true love never did run smooth." -
A Midsummer Night's Dream
"Out of the jaws of death." -
Taming of the Shrew
1. Taylor, John. "Shakespeare." commons.wikimedia. National Portrait Gallery, 23 March 2010. Web. 8 Feb 2014.
2. Kernan, Allen. "Shakespeare, the King's Playwright."
Yale University Press.

8 Feb 2014.
3. Gurr, Andrew. "A Pictorial Biography of William Shakespeare."
Web. 8 Feb 2014.
4. Fuller, Arthur and Brawley, Peter. "Trees and Other Hierarchies in MySQL."

8 Feb 2014.
5. "The Comedy of Errors."
The Repertory Theatre of St. Louis.
Regional Arts Commission. Web. 10 Feb 2014.
6. Jand, Ruby. "Doing Something About 'Hamlet'."
Blogging Shakespeare, 25 Feb 2013. Web. 10 Feb 2014.
7. "Shakespeare at the movies: Coriolanus."
31 Oct 2013. Web. 10 Feb 2014.

2) Where is Shakespeare believed to have attended school?
a. King's New School
b. Oxford Primary School
c. Buckingham King's School
d. Dickinson's Old School
3) What is Shakespeare's wife's name and how many children did Shakespeare have?
a. Elizabeth; 5
b. Sarah; 3
c. Juliet; 6
d. Anne; 3
4) Which of the following is a correct list of the roles Shakespeare played in the world of theater?
a. Elizabethan actor, playwright, & theater administrator
b. Elizabethan actor, producer, & director
c. Costume designer, playwright, & producer
d. Elizabethan actor, playwright, & theatrical technician

Fill in the blanks.
5) What is Shakespeare's most popular play?
Romeo and Juliet
The Two Noble Kinsmen
-Shakespeare was well known as a playwright, one who writes plays.
-He was also known to be an excellent actor and a theatre administrator.
-Sometime, during the "Lost Years" of his life, Shakespeare moved from Stratford upon Avon to London to further his career as an actor and playwright. His children and wife stayed in Stratford.
-He was doing well with acting and writing plays, when in 1593 all the theaters had to close because of the
Black Plague
-The theaters opened one year later, and Shakespeare joined a theater company called "Lord Chamberlain's Men."
-He then bought stocks in the company, which made him a manager and co-owner.
-Over the next couple of years, the "Chamberlain's Men" became the most popular theater company and was a favorite of Queen Elizabeth's.
-Even the critics (who never like anyone) loved Shakespeare. They called him honey-tongued and prophesized that there would be no one better than him.

Interesting Facts
6) Shakespeare had ________ siblings.

7) Shakespeare's father was a ___________ and _____________. His mother was the daughter of an opulent _____________.
8) Sir Brian Vickers had come across various _____________ plays with over 20 phrases from ____________________ work.
9) Shakespeare's _________________ has been questioned by critics for over 400 years.
10) Shakespeare might have collaborated with other authors to write the play, ____________________.
There are four controversies surrounding Shakespeare and his work that critics have been arguing about for over 400 years:
1. Did "All’s Well That Ends Well" have a co-author?
When two professors from the University of Oxford analyzed the play, it was determined that the work had a "literary fingerprint" of both Shakespeare and Thomas Middleton. They noticed some words in the play that Shakespeare had never used before but Middleton had. Many writers used to collaborate during Shakespeare’s time, and it seems that so did Shakespeare.
2. Was the Bard a Pothead?
In some of Shakespeare’s sonnets, there were some lines that hinted at "a journey in his head". Francis Thackeray, an anthropologist, claims that he is positive Shakespeare had an addiction to Marijuana. With further study, he found cannabis and cocaine residue on one of Shakespeare’s clay pipes.
3. Did he write more plays than we think?
Sir Brian Vickers, a literature professor, had come across various mystery plays that included over 20 phrases from Shakespeare’s work when he was trying to compare an unattributed play to one of Shakespeare’s plays.
4. Did Shakespeare write anything at all?
Shakespeare’s authenticity has been questioned by critics for over 400 years ever since a writer named Joseph C. Hart said in one of his books that "Shakespeare merely adapted the works of more educated playwrights". There have been over 70 different writers that could have been the original authors of Shakespeare’s plays (12).

One of Shakespeare’s relatives, William Arden, was arrested for conspiracy against Queen Elizabeth I. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London and then executed (13).
Shakespeare put a curse on anyone who dared to move his body from his grave (13).
In his lifetime, Shakespeare wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets. His last play was
The Two Noble Kinsmen
Shakespeare is the second most quoted writer in the English language (13).
Suicide arises thirteen times in Shakespeare’s plays. In
Romeo and Juliet
, both Romeo and Juliet commit suicide. In
Julius Caesar
, Cassius, Brutus and Portia also commit suicide (13).
Twenty of Shakespeare’s plays are lost (13).
Shakespeare invented the word "assassination" (14).
Shakespeare's works contain 2,035 English words including critical, frugal, excellent, barefaced, and countless (14).
All's Well's That Ends Well
Romeo and Juliet
Julius Caesar
Shakespeare: WORDSMITH
The time period that Shakespeare lived and wrote in was called ELIZABETHAN age. This is because QUEEN ELIZABETH I was the ruler.
DISCUSS- Before we read about Queen Elizabeth I, let's make some predictions. What do we expect to hear?

**Read about Queen Elizabeth I "How They Croaked"
STAGE! explained by Willy!
Let's see the
in action.
1. character names
2. theme?
3. author's purpose?

Post Reading- View
-We don't have much information about Shakespeare from the time he left school and before he began writing and acting in plays. We
can't ask anyone about his life then (they're all dead), and we don't have any digital footprint (no computers!).
-Some scholars have suggested that he may have worked as a teacher, lawyer, or glovemaker with his father. They are all good guesses and quite possible.
-Since we do not know what he did in that time period, those years are known as "The Lost Years" of his life.
The honey-tongued
Shakespeare had a way with words. Words were his art, and he perfected his craft. Therefore he is called a WORDSMITH.
The actual theater during this time was a lot different than theaters today. Guesses?
Shakespeare's works:
-Comedies (white flag)
-Tragedies (black flag)
-Historical (red flag)
We are going to read "Romeo
and Juliet" which is a tragedy.
What color flag would be atop the theater?
-The beautiful Juliet was played by a boy.
-The original title was "The Most Excellent and Lamentable Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet" (Why did William shorten it?)
-It was the first play of the time about romantic love.
-He was inspired to write the play after reading an Italian poem.
Interesting to Note:
-Shakespeare was terribly afraid that after he died, someone would try to dig up his grave. (Think about what you know about graverobbers of the time.)
-To combat this, he had a curse engraved on his tombstone. To this day, no one has dug Willy up!

Good friend for Jesus’ sake forbear,
To dig the dust enclosed here:
Blest be the man that spares these stones,
And curst be he that moves my bones.
Also Interesting to Note:
-Some scholars have suggested that Shakespeare didn't write all his plays! At least 50 other writers have been given credit for what we believe to be Shakespeare's work. But this has never been proven.
-Some have even suggested that a woman wrote the play! Again, this has not been proven. (Think about what you know...why would a woman write the plays in secret and not take credit?)
-This play begins with a feud
between 2 families: Montagues and Capulets.
-We do not know why, and never learn why, they are feuding.
-In fact, the characters no longer no why!
Who's Who in
Romeo and Juliet
Romeo' parents
Romeo and Juliet
Juliet's parents
Juliet's nurse
Friar Lawrence
Romeo's BFF
Tybalt- Juliet's cousin
Benvolio- Romeo's cousin
The Montagues
The Capulets
Pre and Post Reading Goals:
Let's Read To:
-Identify Theme
-Author's Purpose (PIE)
-tone, mood
-characterization (indirect characterization of characters)
-plot (What do you think the climax is?)
Symbolism- Some people say the poison that Romeo and Juliet drank was a symbol of something greater. It symbolized a greater poison. Guesses?

Symbolism- Some people say the poison that Romeo and Juliet drank is a symbol of a greater poison that ultimately killed them.
-Recall (what does this mean)
-What are some of the types of foreshadowing?
-Do you think there was any foreshadowing in this play?
Scholars disagree as to what the climax of the play is.
a. When Tybalt is killed
b. When Romeo and Juliet die in the tomb
Which do you think makes more sense? Map it out on a plot diagram to come to your conclusion. Create a diagram using each of the above as the climax.
Let's watch a 9 minute
cartoon summary of Romeo and Juliet. Look for any additional scenes.
Assignment- Text
Messaging in Verona
1. Choose 2 characters to have a conversation via text message.
2. Create a conversation that is an accurate depiction (balance of your creativity and Shakespeare's story) of a scene from the play.
3. Make sure the manner in which you present the conversation is easy to read and clear.
4. No errors in conventions!
(teacher will supply the materials you need)
This marks the end
of this presentation.
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