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SPCH 2713 - Abuse of Food Stamps

Group Project for my Speech class, Fall 2012
by

Kevin Meeks

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of SPCH 2713 - Abuse of Food Stamps

Background of SNAP: Source: USDA - Food and Nutrition Service Purpose:
Strengthening the Agricultural Economy
Providing Improved Levels of Nutrition among Low-Income Households
Make the Food Stamp Program permanent ABUSE By the numbers: Congress has stated in a $22 billion budget, $1.7 billion is abused through SNAP verb: use (something) to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse The Abuse 1.4% United States Spending Budget for 2010 Projected Spending: 2011 Spending: ? United State Department of Agriculture 8.3 percent of the program being abused Ways to Fix this: BYPAS Building Yourself a Position Across the State 1 year program Bi-weekly Meetings Resume Building Presented by the USDA & DHS Joint Committee on SNAP Fraud The Facts: That's
equal
to Support Group Job Building:
Must apply for 1 job per week if unemployed 6 month probation program Probation period off SNAP The Data Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY): Survey conducted by the United States Department of Labor Included people born between 1957 and 1965; teenagers of the 1970s Monitored from 1979 through today Paying close attention to their employment history And Participation in welfare services The Results: 27% received welfare assistance in the form of food stamps at least once 1.4% received help for six months or less <10% received aid for less than two years 90% received aid through SNAP for longer than two years 70% of aid was given to families for longer than five years, revealing a pattern of long-term dependence For example, a single mother receives $14,000 a year in means-tested welfare benefits and the father of her children earns $15,000 a year working. If they don't marry, they have a combined income of $29,000 a year; however if they decide to marry, the husband's income will be counted against the mother's ability to qualify for food stamps and other aid. A mother will receive more benefits if she is the single head of household than if there is a working husband in the home NLSY Findings: Low-income couples will often decide not to marry because they will experience a large reduction in combined income if they marry Source: United States Department of Labor Source: United States Department of Labor Children born out of wedlock to mothers who never marry are poor 50% of the time Children born into two-parent homes that remain intact are poor 7% of the time Out-of-wedlock boys and girls are 2.5 times more likely to become sexually active as teens, and girls are twice as likely to become single mothers as well, making them three times as likely to rely on SNAP and other welfare aid as adults Source: The Heritage Foundation Social Science Research: Source: Congressional Budget Office Source: Congressional Budget Office United States Department of Agriculture Source: www.farmbillfacts.org The First Food Stamp Program (FSP) "Since the conditions that brought the program into being--unmarketable food surpluses and widespread unemployment--no longer existed." - Milo Perkins, FSP Administrator Peak Participation: 4 million people, costing $262 million May 16, 1939-Spring 1943 First case of fraud: Nick Salzano in October 1939 May 29, 1961-1964 - by Executive Order of President Kennedy Pilot Food Stamp Program First Recipients: Mr. and Mrs. Alderson Muncy of West Virginia, and their 15-person household First Transaction: A can of pork and beans Passed August 31, 1964 - by request of President Johnson Food Stamp Act of 1964 Estimated Eventual Scope: 4 million people, $350 million annually Program Expansions & Legislative Changes 1960s-70s Growth: April 1965, 0.5 million - October 1974, 15 million Became Nationwide in July 1974 Reform: Gave States control of program Integrity Provisions, fraud disqualifications and enhanced Federal funding for States' anti-fraud activities Development of Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) 1988-2004 EBT: an electronic system that allows a recipient to authorize transfer of their government benefits from a Federal account to a retailer account to pay for products received Made Food Stamps easier to use and track The Farm Bill of 2008 In 1994, Program hits new high at 28 million users Participation at high, 29 million Major Improvements: Changed name from FSP to SNAP Strengthening Integrity
Simplifying Administration
Maintaining State Flexibility
Improving Health through Nutrition Education The Farm Bill of 2012 Currently in the House of Representatives
Passed by the Senate on May 24, 2012 Enact several reforms on U.S. Agriculture Policy
Aims to reduce the U.S. Federal Budget Deficit by $23 billion Thank You, Questions? There are several cases where there is true need for nutrition assistance SNAP Scope at all time high: 31.5 million, $82 billion Sign our Petition! Source: Gretchen Rubin, The Happiness Project Source: Voice of America News
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