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Bicycling in Chicago

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sarpreet sodhi

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of Bicycling in Chicago

Change in Chicago Women Modernization In May 1897 a Chicago post wrote "The fashionable girl no longer lolls about in tea gowns and darkened rooms but stands beside you in short skirts, a sailor hat, low shoes and leggings, ready for a spin on the wheel." Bicycling gave women opportunities to try something new and match up with men cyclists. With more FREEDOM they didn't feel trapped inside their own homes. Along with bikes getting more modernized so were women. Many women took the the advantage of the breakout of bicycles. Instead of staying old fashioned housewives they decided to go out and participate in the sporting activities that
included bicycling. This way bicycles shaped the way women saw the world. A Ride Through Chicago's History Rich and
The Middle Class Originally bicycling came from Europe in the year 1817. It was an invention created by Baron Karl Dreiss von Sauerbronn. Bicycling in Chicago began in the late 1860s though the first bicycles, known as the velocipedes were already in the United States. And the velocipedes was nicknamed "boneshakers." Then, the "high-wheeler" was introduced in the late 1870s which made bicycling easier for everyone. Though a disadvantage was that the rider had to climb 54 inches in front of the wheel. Besides, bicycling had made a huge impact on men and women by letting them ride a bicycle at any age. The Start of A New Trend In the beginning, mainly the wealthy were able to take advantage of cycling in Chicago. The wealthy cyclists were willing to spend $200 to $400 for bicycles, uniforms, and their equipment; where as the middle class, always had to take advantage of the second hand version of bicycles. They cost about $40 to $120 and by the turn of the century the same models cost about $20. With more people buying bicycles the people began joining bicycle clubs. Therefore, by the late 1890s there were 54 bicycling clubs that had about 10,000 members each. Different Classes Produce Conflicts By the late 1890s, Chicago was the "bicycle-building capital of America." Along with women changing from bikes, the entire Chicago transportation was being changed. Mayor Richard Daley played an important role in improving the Chicago's bike way transportation. During May in the1970s, Daley revealed a 34-mile bicycle route and he introduced rush-hour bicycle lanes on Clark and Dearborn. Therefore, pollution was not a problem for the following years because of Daley's 'bicycle-friendly city.' The city was air pollution free with everyone riding bicycles instead of using gas and polluting the air. In the following decade, over 100 bike ways were made and 8,000 bicycle racks were improved. Moreover, bicycling is celebrated in Chicago. An example would be: 'Bike Chicago' which is a month long celebration where there are events such as 'Bike to work, Mayor Daley's Lakefront Bike Ride, and the Bike the Drive.' Bicycle advocacy groups include the Chicagoland Bicycle Federation and Chicago Critical Mass that had said "Bicycling in Chicago was a viable mean of transportation. Then in 2001, Bicycling magazine honored Chicago as the "Best Cycling City in the United States." Where it
Started. Chicago's Role Chicago was very unique when it came to creating advertisements just to promote new bicycle accessories. Thesis Statement Bicycling in Chicago changed the methods of transportation. As bicycling became more popular, it expanded city plannings and it became evident that cyclists and drivers should be on the same street. As time progressed, people spent more money on bicycles, our environment and our future. Bicycling at Present in Chicago Bicycling still plays its role in Chicago. Today Chicago has over 200 miles of on-street bike ways, 36 miles of trails, and more bike parking than any other city in the United States. Mayor Rahm Emanuel 's plan is to increase bike lanes by 2015 and also provide a bicycle accommodation within every 1/2 mile for ever Chicagoan. Chicago routes will be arranged in different ways so bicycles have more room and a lane to bike on. Therefore, people still meet up every Sunday and bike every chance they get. Moreover, Madison St. became the first bike lane in Chicago's Loop in 2012. The mayor's plans don't end there but he also plans on adding 25 miles to the bike roads every year, finish the Bloomberg Trail, and have lanes along the curb side. To add, the Bloomberg Trail was a railroad track before but since it isn't in use right now Mayor Emanuel wants to turn it into a bike trail so that cyclists can ride their bike safely and away from the traffic. Art showing how people enjoyed the use of Schwinn bicycles in Chicago. Example of how the Schwinn bike looked in the 1830s The Steamline Aerocycle was a helping addition to the bicycle industry . Unlike the previous models this bike was fresh in appearance. Advertisement and Bicycle Models Timeline Created By:
Neha Patel
Shehrose Charania
Sarpreet Sodhi Bibliography: History of Schwinn Schwinn is a company that began its journey in Chicago. It was founded in the year 1895 and the founders were Adolf Arnold and Ignaz Schwinn. When Schwinn was 29 he left his job in Germany to work in America. Knowing that Chicago was a major bicycle producing city he decided to come here. After Schwinn was able to rent land he began the Arnold, Schwinn & Company with the help of Adolf Arnold. With continuing success the Arnold, Schwinn & Company was able to buy another company called March-Davis Bicycle Company. This purchase allowed Schwinn to move into that site to continue the Arnold, Schwinn & Company. One way that women modernized was that they changed their apparel. Instead of wearing the Victorian clothing, they wore garments resembling what the men wore while riding. The clothing included sailor hats, shirtwaist with a collar, puffy sleeves, and skirts. Even the shy women adapted to this style to show that they aren't going to be tied to their home 24/7. Kate Parke and the Bicycle Lock Kate Parke came from Chicago, Illinois and she invented the bicycle lock. Her intention was to furnish people with a lock that would allow them to park their bike without having the fear that it will get stolen. Kate patented the bicycle lock on April 28, 1890, whereas, the patent was approved on September 23, 1890. Women's Clothing Before Bicycles: After Bicycles: Graph: Number of workers who bike to work. Covering of the bicycle lock. Horizontal view of Figure 1. View of line 3 of Figure 2. Separated view of the chain holder. Current Bicycle Map 1897 Bicycle Map Primary Sources:
Blanchard, Rufus. "New Bicycle Map Showing Carriage Roads, Also Railroads, Junction Points, Stations, Post Offices & Villages." Map. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. The University of Chicago Library. The University of Chicago Library. Web. <http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/lib/public/full_screen.html?http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/collections/maps/chi1890/G4104-C6E63-1897-B7/>. This source helped my argument by that it shows many bike trails that were in Chicago in 1897. Therefore, I was able to understand that Chicago not only gave people the freedom to ride bicycles but also provided them with paved streets so that a ride would go smoothly.
Hobbs, Allyson. "Bicycling." Encyclopedia of Chicago. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. <http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/136.html>. The author of this source is Allyson Hobbs and she is an Assistant Professor of American History. The thing I found very helpful was that she included information from the 1860s and she gave a detailed explanation in what role Chicago played in the promotion of bicycling. Therefore, while making our project we were able to clarify how the prices of bikes dropped and how Chicago was able to become the “bicycle-building capital of America.” Also to prove that this information is credible she even cited her sources of information.
Parke, Kate. “Bicycle Lock” US Patent 436800. 23 Sept. 1890. Since this patent is an original document instead of an author there is only the inventor’s name and she is Kate Parke. Due to unavailability she has no background though she is only labeled as an inventor. This helped me understand the topic better because it was clearer that Chicago didn’t only promote but it also created more accessories to help cyclists.

Secondary Sources:
Bushnell, George D. “When Chicago Was Wheel Crazy.” Chicago History 4.3 (Fall 1975): 167–173. This source helped me by that I was able to figure out how the Arnold, Schwinn Company came to be and that many people joined clubs once they had a bike to ride it. Even though this source is marked as secondary it has many photographs that are primary. If it wasn’t for this source I wouldn’t have understood that buying a bike was not the only way to make the city eco-friendly. Instead it is introducing yourself to a club that helps maintain a clean environment to lie in.
"Chicago Wants to Become Most Bike-Friendly City." http://hmhinthenews.com/chicago-wants-to-become-most-bike-friendly-city/. N.p., Sept. 2011. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. From the source I was able to understand more about Mayor Emanuel’s plan to add bike lanes to Chicago’s streets. Then I was updated about newly made bike lanes such as Madison and Kinzie St. With the information I acquired from this source I was able to understand that bicycling in Chicago is still an immense deal.
"Evolution of Bicycles and Roads." Biking the Boulevards. WTTW, n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. <http://www.wttw.com/main.taf?p=74,5,1,3>. This source was extremely helpful because many different questions that were still hovering in my mind were cleared through this site. I was able to understand how the cost of bike dropped, where bicycling started, and what bikes came from what time period, etc. Moreover, since the topic wasn’t only revolving around Chicago I was able to know more about the history of biking that came before and after Chicago was involved.
"History of Chicago's Bike Industry." Biking the Boulevards. WTTW, n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. <http://www.wttw.com/main.taf?p=74,5,1,2>. Compared to the other source that came from the same website this article focused more on Chicago’s role in bicycling. This source provided me with the information about new companies that erupted in Chicago, how everyone was able to take advantage of this new sport, and how the industries in Chicago introduced newer models. Therefore, I was able to understand how the biking industry changed over time with the help of Chicago and how we helped in lowering the cost of the bikes.
Lewis, Russell. "Bike, Chicago!" Weblog post. Chicago History Museum Blog RSS. N.p., 31 May 2012. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. <http://blog.chicagohistory.org/index.php/2012/05/bike-chicago/>. Russell Lewis is the Executive Vice President and Chief Historian of the Chicago History Museum. He is an M.A. from the American Culture from University of Michigan and is a B.A. from Anthropology which is a course in the University of Florida. From this source I was easily able to find images from the time period when bicycling was done by everyone in Chicago. These photographs were able to show me how exactly Chicago advertised and how people dressed when enjoying a ride. With this source I was able to understand why bicycling was a major form of transportation instead of cars, trains, etc.
Macy, Sue. Wheels of change: how women rode the bicycle to freedom (with a few flat tires along the way). Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2011. Print. Sue Macy has done a major in history and American Studies and has worked for Scholastic for 16 years. From this source I was able to uncover that a Chicagoan created the bicycle lock, her name was Kate Parke. This helped my argument by that I was able to understand that Chicago not only promoted bicycles and created them but Chicago also helped create Statistical Data
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