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Myths and Legends
Transcript of Myths and Legends
Myths and Legends
To understand the definitions of myths and legends.
To share your prior knowledge of myths and legends.
To consider the purpose of myths and legends.
A myth is a story based on tradition or legend, which has a deep symbolic meaning. A myth 'conveys a truth' to those who tell it and hear it, rather than necessarily recording a true event. Although some myths can be accounts of actual events, they have become transformed by symbolic meaning or shifted in time or place. Myths are often used to explain universal and local beginnings and involve supernatural
beings. The great power of the meaning
of these stories, to the culture in which
they developed, is a major reason why
they survive as long as they do -
sometimes for thousands of years.
What is a myth?
What is a legend?
A legend is a semi-true story which has been passed on and
is important to the culture from which it originates.
Whilst a myth explains something or is symbolic, a legend is a
story which is told as if it where a historical event.
A legend usually includes an element of truth, or is based
on historical events, but has 'mythical qualities.'
An example of a legend is the story of Robin Hood, which is
set in a definitve period, the reign of Richard 1 of England (1189-99). The story of Robin Hood has
been elaborated and expanded on
throughout the years.
Folk tales, also known as fairy tales, are more definitely felt to be stories (fiction).
Typically, folk tales and fairy tales involve magic and magical creatures.
What is a folktale/fairy tale?
Glue the definitions into your exercise book and answer the questions below.
Give an example of a myth, a legend and a fairy tale (not one that I have mentioned!).
What is the difference between a myth and a legend?
What is the purpose of myths and legends? Give reasons to explain your own point of view.
Choose any fairy tale of your choice (except Little Red Riding Hood!).
In your exercise books, write a summary of what happens in the fairy tale.
Do not copy the story from a book or the internet - you are summarizing not telling the story.
Arthur and the knights of the round table.
Theseus and the minotaur.
Jack and the beanstalk.
Goldilocks and the three
Myth? Legend? Fairy Tale?
To learn the conventions of a fairy tale.
To be able to identify these conventions.
To be able to discuss the effect of these conventions.
In your pairs, discuss what conventions (that we discussed earlier) can be found in the traditional version of Little Red Riding Hood.
Draw a table to compare Little Red Riding Hood to your homework fairy tale.
The first column is for Little Red Riding Hood, the second column is for the fairy tale you chose for homework.
In each column, list the fairy tale conventions that the tale has.
1) How are the conventions in Little Red Riding Hood similar and different to the ones in your chosen fairy tale?
2) What effect does the use of these conventions have on you as the reader?
3) What kind of language is used in fairy tales and why?
Answer the following questions.
You do not need to write the question but you must write in full sentences.
To understand the concepts of satire and irony.
To explore the concepts of satire and irony.
To be able to identify satire and irony.
Sometimes, modern texts and films add satire and irony to give the traditional tales a new twist.
Fairy Tale Conventions - Can you remember them?
Used as a way of ridiculing (making fun of!) to convey a message in an entertaining manner.
The outcome is different from what is expected or intended.
Commonly used to portray something that is contrary to the truth, in order for this to be exposed to the general public for the purpose of awareness and change.
Satire and Irony - What are they used for?
Irony is a figure of speech that portrays the contrary of the truth (the opposite) through the careful play of words and wit.
It is limited to written and spoken forms.
So what is irony?
...if you have a phobia of long words you have to tell people that you have Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia?...
Examples of irony...
A link at the bottom of the web page which reads "Accessibility" and is for those with disabilities such as partial-sightedness, is light grey on a white background and is in a very small font?...
Tim Schrader, an Australian convicted in Thailand for heroin smuggling and sentenced to death, received a Royal pardon on medical grounds after contracting HIV as a result of sharing needles during his heroin use while in prison....
Example of irony...
Literary Irony, Socratic Irony
(eg. playing the fool for gain)
Dramatic / Tragic Irony
(also known as Shakespearean Irony and takes the form of the audience knowing something that the protagonist does not)
(for example, fate - personified and "playing games", think, for example, Sod's law)
(for example, metafiction)
Types of irony
Write down a definition of irony in your own words. If you are still a bit confused, use a dictionary.
Then, write down an example of irony.
In your books...
Sarcasm is like irony but is used to insult or wound.
The roots of the word sarcasm appear to be from the greek sarkasmos which derives from sarkazein and translates as "to bite the lips in rage."
Sometimes people use sarcasm, like irony, to be funny.
Example: It is possible for your mind to be so open that your brain falls out?
... About the English football team.
... About the Olympics.
... About celebrities.
Say something sarcastic!!
Now, write a definition of sarcasm
in your book along with one of your examples.
How is the second version of Red Riding Hood ironic?
- the language it uses.
- how it is different to the version we read last lesson.
- what affect this use of irony has on you as a reader.
Red Riding Hood
Find an example of satire and/or irony in a newspaper or on YouTube.
Stick your example in (if it is from YouTube just write the link) and, underneath, explain how it is satirical or ironic. Focus on the language used.
To recap satire/irony.
To explore how the genre of a fairy tale is subverted in the film 'Shrek.'
To identify the use of satire/irony in the film 'Shrek.'
Let's recap satire and irony...
As we have discussed previously, some modern texts and films put a twist on the traditional fairy tale by using satire/irony.
Whilst watching Shrek, note down in the back of your books...
- What fairy tale elements the film uses (think back to the fairy tale conventions).
- How the film uses satire and irony.
To explore how the genre of a fairy tale is subverted in the film ‘Shrek.’
To identify the use of satire/irony in the film 'Shrek.'
Answer the following question in your book:
How is the fairy tale element of the film ‘Shrek’ subverted using satire and irony?
- Use evidence from the film.
Satire and Irony in Shrek.
To continue exploring how the genre of fairy tale is subverted in the film ‘Shrek.’
To examine how characters are created in film texts.
For each main character in the film, make a list of key characteristics.
Choose one of the characters you discussed in your group.
Analyze this character by placing yourself in their shoes and answering the questions on the worksheet (stick the sheet in your book and write the answers in there).
If you have not finished answering the questions, this needs to be completed first.
Then, write a paragraph about how your chosen character from Shrek differs from a traditional fairy tale character.
Next lesson, you will be sitting a reading assessment.
You will have 30 minutes to complete it.
You will have to write a letter to a friend, as if you were your chosen Shrek character, explaining a key event from their point of view.