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Transcript of Sociology
This presentation will talk about arguments against globalization, introducing definition of globalization first and Sceptical argument in Political, Cultural and Economical aspects.
Why are so many people opposed to globalization?
There is no such thing like Globalization, there is Internationalization.
dividing North and South
The EU is the world’s largest trading bloc. It is a union of 27 member states, creating a single market of over 500 million consumers.
The EU is the world’s largest economy, representing over 20 % of world GDP
In the top 10 trading countries, four belong to the EU (Germany, the Netherlands, France, and Italy).
The EU is the world’s largest trader of manufactured goods and services.
The 2nd largest economy in the world
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Members: Canada; Mexico; United States
The North American Free Trade Agreement is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral rules-based trade bloc in North America.
World’s largest free trade area.
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum is a loose grouping of the countries bordering the Pacific Ocean who have pledged to facilitate free trade.
Its range account for 45% of world trade.
Takes the most positive view of the globalisation process.
See the idea of combine different culture to another and create world without border as postive
see global free market as good because it will lead to economic growth
Overall, similar to globalist but more extreme.
Evidence for political globalization
Nation-states become less important compared to TNCs and EU.
Having free and fair elections is now often a condition of receiving aid.
Global decision-making is needed for facing the big political questions(eg: climate change, pollution and the drugs trade)
Non-governmental organizations are working environmental and political issues.
National boundaries no longer restrict political activity.
term create by George Ritzer
4 main aspects : efficient, calculability, predictability and control
follow the aspects to use the lowest cost to earn the highest profit
Many different fast food restaurant start to follow the mcdonaldization way to earn more profit
eg. Hong Kong style of eating fish-balls in the street
-> sold in indoor restaurants with higher price and decorated
eg. Chinese and Western Valentines' Day
Limiting cultural innovation
Controlling culture antonomy
-Western festivals inevitably lead the world
->people pay more attention on western festival
eg. Christmas, Easter
-Advanced technology has been imported
-> follow others' footstep
-> copied but not innovate
eg.iPhone <-> XiaoMi
Loss of local/traditional culture
-the spread of satellite TV, international media networks
eg. In French cinemas, around 70% of filmgoers watch Hollywood movies.
-only about 5000 languages around the world nowadays
->about 200years time
->200 languages left
(if nothing is done about this)
-should help promote and value their own indigenous languages
Non member countries of the trade bloc will be excluded from any help.
Benefits between countries.
Exclusion other countries that might not offer similar benefits for intra-industry trade.
Manufacturers and producers.
The film industry.
Trading blocs is agreements between governments of countries where they agree to reduce or abolish tariffs and taxes on inter-country trading.
There are 3 main trading blocks : EU, US, Asia Pacific
Giddens, A. (2009) ‘Cities and Urban Life’, in Sutton P. W. (ed.) Sociology. United Kingdom: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated,
Burgoon,B. (2012) Inequality and anti-globalization backlash by political parties
Ukessays.com, (2015) General Theories Of Nationalism Sociology Essay. (Online) Available at: http://www.ukessays.com/essays/sociology/general-theories-of-nationalism-sociology-essay.php (Accessed 6 Feb. 2015).
Macionis, J. (2015) Sociology 14th ed. Harlow : Pearson.
Browne,K and Blundell,J (2014)Pamela Law& Margaret Whalley
Giddens, A. and Sutton, P. (2013). Sociology. Cambridge: Polity.
Loss of language
-Threatening national culture
->Global culture mostly dominated by Western
eg. McDonald is the most popular restaurant in Japan (Barber 2007)
-Culture is converging; World can't resist global culture
->Countries unsuccessful to pursued a self-sufficient culture or cultural fundamentalism are usually unsuccessful
First World: United States, United Kingdom and their allies.
Second World: Soviet Union, China, and their allies.
Third World: Neutral and non-aligned countries.
Made the lives of people around the world more global
Include faster and more communications, more trade and the development of global organization.
Economics , Political and Cultural
The process of planning and implementing products and services so that product can easily be adapted to specific local languages and cultures
Traditional democracy political sovereignty is weakened and dispersed, due to global decision-making and the globalization effect on economic,political and cultural aspects.(eg.UK give power to Scotland and Ireland)
Powerful international organizations like EU interfered nation-states internal domestic.
Increasing the nation states' dependent on EU and TNCs.
Bringing more safety issue
The environmental is destroyed(eg. United States 60% pollution enterprises are setting on overseas)
Resources shortage could lead to war(eg. America wage war on Iraq for oil)