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Transcript of Yuki Indians
Coastal was a smaller group
Valley Group had the largest population.
Mountain group had a very small population.
They made shelter based on what
resources were available.
3 Distinct Groups
Houses were conical shaped.
They were made of poles, wood, and bark.
The would dig down in the dirt, build the house, and put mud along the bottom.
This kept out the water.
Houses had a firepit in the middle of the room.
The Yuki tribe also
built larger buildings
for ceremonial use
Flat mortar and pestal
Bows and arrows
The Yuki were hunter
gatherers and fisherman.
They used nets and spears to catch salmon, steelhead, and trout,
The main food for the tribe was acorns. They also gathered berries, tubers, clover, seeds, and nuts.
Do not eat bears, but do hunt them for their pelts.
They didn't eat panther, fox, wolf, coyote, snake, weasel, lizard, or beaver.
These were spiritual animals.
Didn't wear anything or only a deer skin around their middle.
Bone piercings through the sternum of the nose.
Wore their hair in a topknot.
Deer skin short cape to keep warm
Tattooed their faces.
Women wore their hair long, not braided.
Fringed deerskin skirt with pine nut or shell decorations.
Short capes for warmth.
Tattooed their faces.
Jewelry made of abalone shell or mussels.
Yuki had many ceremonies in which they wore special outfits.
Head dresses were made out of eagle and owl feathers.
Capes were also decorated with feathers.
Paints made out of soot, and clay were used to paint their faces.
Didn't do any labor.
Stood on attendance in his hunt and accepted gifts.
Directed all activity, when to hunt,when to gather.
Often succeeded by a
There were 9 local bands.
There were often at war with each other or their neighbors.
They spoke a distinct language from the tribes around them.
They were very independent, but would band together if necessary.
About 150 people made up
Messenger and adviser for the chief.
Made sure the everything ran smoothly on a day to day basis.
Go between guy between the people and the chief.
Lead any war activities.
Had no real power within the tribe.
Lived together in their huts with little contact with families they married into.
The Yuki believed the Earth was created
by Taikó-mol, "father above."
His companion was a coyote.
Prayed to him before they ate, or before any major action.
The belief in one god made for a fairly easy transition later to European religions.
The Yuki had ceremonies that were part of their traditions.
Presided over spiritual ceremonies.
Provided medicines and cures for the people.
Was the religious adviser for the tribe.
There were many for different occasions.
Acorn harvest ceremony
Coming of age ceremonies
For both boys and girls
Green corn dance.
One - Pa'wi
Two - Opi
Three - Molmi
Man - Iwop
Woman - Musp
Coil woven baskets
Decorated ones used for cooking and storing food
Undecorated baskets used for seed beaters, hoppers, and sifters.
Found between mountain ranges
The valley had many resources for Native Americans.
Lots of trees, wildlife, and streams to support the tribe.
Had mild, rainy winters and cool, dry summer.
used for shelter and
Provided fresh water and food for the tribe.
The Yuki tribe were hunters and
They had chores to do to prepare for the summer and winter months.
When they were not working they held performances or played games.
Distance and accuracy shooting with bows.