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Yuki Indians

Brief overview of the Yuki Indians found in the central valley region.
by

Cherish Hughey

on 25 August 2013

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Transcript of Yuki Indians

Indians
Yuki Tribe
Northern Territory

Coastal was a smaller group
Valley Group had the largest population.


Southern Territory
Mountain group had a very small population.
Shelter
They made shelter based on what
resources were available.
3 Distinct Groups
Coast
Central Valley
Mountain

Houses were conical shaped.
They were made of poles, wood, and bark.
The would dig down in the dirt, build the house, and put mud along the bottom.
This kept out the water.
Houses had a firepit in the middle of the room.
The Yuki tribe also
built larger buildings
for ceremonial use
Stone:
Flat mortar and pestal
Mauls
Knives




Tools
Tools:
Wood:
Mush paddles
Skin scrapper
Fishing spears
Fire drills
Bows and arrows
Tools
Hemp:
Fishing Nets
Baskets
String
Food
The Yuki were hunter
gatherers and fisherman.
They used nets and spears to catch salmon, steelhead, and trout,
Fishing
The main food for the tribe was acorns. They also gathered berries, tubers, clover, seeds, and nuts.
Gathering
Deer
Small Animals
Rabbits
Squirrels
Birds

Hunting
Do not eat bears, but do hunt them for their pelts.


They didn't eat panther, fox, wolf, coyote, snake, weasel, lizard, or beaver.

These were spiritual animals.
Men:
Didn't wear anything or only a deer skin around their middle.
No shoes
Bone piercings through the sternum of the nose.
Wore their hair in a topknot.
Deer skin short cape to keep warm
Tattooed their faces.
Clothing
Clothing
Women:
Women wore their hair long, not braided.
Fringed deerskin skirt with pine nut or shell decorations.
Short capes for warmth.
Tattooed their faces.
Jewelry made of abalone shell or mussels.
No shoes.
Yuki had many ceremonies in which they wore special outfits.
Head dresses were made out of eagle and owl feathers.
Capes were also decorated with feathers.
Paints made out of soot, and clay were used to paint their faces.
Clothing Ceremonial
Chief
Didn't do any labor.
Stood on attendance in his hunt and accepted gifts.
Directed all activity, when to hunt,when to gather.
Settled disputes.
Often succeeded by a
family member
Tribe Social
Order

Chief
Chief Assistant
Shaman
War Chief
Families
Tribe
There were 9 local bands.
There were often at war with each other or their neighbors.
They spoke a distinct language from the tribes around them.
They were very independent, but would band together if necessary.
About 150 people made up
one village.
Chief Assistant
Messenger and adviser for the chief.
Made sure the everything ran smoothly on a day to day basis.
Go between guy between the people and the chief.
War Chief
Lead any war activities.
Had no real power within the tribe.
Families
Lived together in their huts with little contact with families they married into.
Religion
The Yuki believed the Earth was created
by Taikó-mol, "father above."
His companion was a coyote.
Prayed to him before they ate, or before any major action.
The belief in one god made for a fairly easy transition later to European religions.
The Yuki had ceremonies that were part of their traditions.
Shaman
Presided over spiritual ceremonies.
Provided medicines and cures for the people.
Was the religious adviser for the tribe.
Ceremonies
There were many for different occasions.
Acorn harvest ceremony
Coming of age ceremonies
For both boys and girls
Feather dance
War dance
Green corn dance.
Yuki Language
One - Pa'wi
Two - Opi
Three - Molmi
Man - Iwop
Woman - Musp
Dog- Ha'som
Coil woven baskets
Decorated ones used for cooking and storing food
Undecorated baskets used for seed beaters, hoppers, and sifters.
Baskets
Round Valley
Found between mountain ranges
The valley had many resources for Native Americans.
Lots of trees, wildlife, and streams to support the tribe.
Had mild, rainy winters and cool, dry summer.
Redwoods
Important resource
used for shelter and
making tools.

Streams
Provided fresh water and food for the tribe.
Daily Life
The Yuki tribe were hunters and
gatherers.
They had chores to do to prepare for the summer and winter months.
When they were not working they held performances or played games.
Dancing
Music
Distance and accuracy shooting with bows.
Wrestling
Dice
Roll ball
Full transcript