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Water as a Global Issue

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on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Water as a Global Issue

Water as a Global Issue
Intro to Water
Because water and coral reefs surround Australia, Australia's tourism depends heavily on the quality of water.
-Sustainable water project
Central and
South America

In the area of the world with the most annual rainfall, why is there a shortage of clean water?
Overuse of Freshwater Resources
7 billion gallons of water each year (just 4 states)
Groundwater/ Aquifers
40% Freshwater in US
Ogallala Aquifer


-Washington DC metro area
-New York metro area
- California area, from San Diego to Santa Barbara and inland
-Agricultural belt: Dakotas
-Agricultural belt: Nebraska
-Lower Mississippi belt: Arkansas area
-Agricultural belt: North Texas
-Agricultural regions in Ohio
-Agricultural regions in Minnesota

North America
Physical Availability
Melting Ice Caps in the Andes
Arid Regions
Overuse of Aquifers
Highest water bills of anywhere in the developing world
The poor pay more for clean water, spend more time and effort collecting water, and are much more likely to suffer health problems from contaminated water.

defective pipelines
waste dumped into bodies of water
chemical contamination/mining
runoff from fallow fields
Australia's water home page(n.d.). Australian Government Department of the Environment. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from http://www.environment.gov.au/water/
Barlow, M., & Clarke*, T. (n.d.). The Struggle for Latin America's Water. What's new. Retrieved September 29, 2013, from http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/215/46052.html
Beeson, B. (n.d.). Latin America: Why There's a Water Crisis in the Most Water-Rich Region | Alternet. Alternet | Alternative News and Information. Retrieved September 29, 2013, from http://www.alternet.org/story/84145/latin_america:_why_there's_a_water_crisis_in_the_most_water-rich_region
Boelens, R., Getches, D. & Gil, J. (2010). Out of the mainstream : water rights, politics and identity. London Washington: Earthscan.
Chellaney, B. (2011). Water: Asia's new battleground. Washington, D.C: Georgetown University Press.
Drop in the bucket | Changing lives with clean water wells. (n.d.). Drop in the bucket | Changing lives with clean water wells. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from http://www.dropinthebucket.org
Feldman, D. L. (2012). Water. Cambridge, UK: Polity.
"First Report Card (2009 Baseline)." - Reef Water Quality Protection Plan. Reef Water Quality Protection Plan Secretariat, 20 Apr. 2012. Web. 3 Oct. 2013. <http://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/measuring-success/report-cards/first-report-card.aspx>.
Generosity Water. (n.d.). Generosity Water. Retrieved October 2, 2013, from http://www.generositywater.com
Investing in Latin America's Water and Sanitation Solutions - Forbes. (n.d.). Information for the World's Business Leaders - Forbes.com. Retrieved September 29, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/ashoka/2013/04/09/investing-in-latin-americas-water-and-sanitation-solutions/
"Is Sea Level Rising." COSEE West. University of SouthernCalifornia, n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2013. <http://www.usc.edu/org/cosee-west/glaciers/Issealevelrising.pdf>.
OBEY CLOTHING - AWARENESS - DROP IN THE BUCKET. (n.d.). OBEY CLOTHING. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from http://www.obeyclothing.com/awareness/drop-in-the-bucket/
People Matter - Cause & Charity T-Shirts | Tee-Shirts that Raise Money for Charities | Sevenly, Support a Cause. (n.d.).Sevenly. Retrieved October 2, 2013, from http://www.sevenly.org/past-campaigns
"Protect Planet Oceanis aboutMarine Conservation." What impacts do humans have on the ocean?. Protect Planet Ocean, n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2013. <http://www.protectplanetocean.org/introduction/introbox/humanimpact/introduction-item.html>.
Rathje, W. L., & Zimring, C. A. (2012). Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste : The Social Science of Garbage. Thousand Oaks, Calif: SAGE.
Snyder, S. (n.d.). Water Scarcity - The U.S. Connection. Give Water - The Water Project. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from http://thewaterproject.org/water_scarcity_in_us.asp
Solomon, S. (2010). Water: The epic struggle for wealth, power, and civilization. New York: Harper.
Sustainable Water Technology. (n.d.).SustainableWaterTech. Retrieved October 2, 2013, from http://sustainablewatertech.com
Technology. (n.d.). Sustainable Water | Extending The Life Cycle Of Water. Retrieved October 2, 2013, from http://sustainablewater.com/technology/
Tracton, S. (n.d.). World Water Day: A forceful reminder that the U.S. is running out of fresh water. The Washington Post: National, World & D.C. Area News and Headlines - The Washington Post. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/capital-weather-gang/wp/2013/03/22/world-water-day-a-forceful-reminder-that-the-u-s-is-running-out-of-fresh-water/
Treaster , J. B. (n.d.). The Struggle for Clean Drinking Water in Latin America for Clean Drinking Water in Latin America. ReVista. Retrieved September 27, 2013, from http://www.drclas.harvard.edu/publications/revistaonline/winter-2013/struggle-clean-drinking-water-latin-america
Water Facts: Water. (n.d.). Water.org. Retrieved October 2, 2013, from http://water.org/water-crisis/water-facts/water/
Water Problems in Latin America. (n.d.). WorldWaterCouncil.org. Retrieved September 29, 2013, from www.worldwatercouncil.org/fileadmin/wwc/News/WWC_News/water_problems_22.03.04.pdf
World Water Day Video from charity: water - YouTube. (n.d.). YouTube. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from
Wyler, G. (n.d.). All Around The US, Risks Of A Water Crisis Are Much Bigger Than People Realize Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/us-drought-water-scarcity-2013-5#ixzz2glnEiW2p. Buisness Insider. Retrieved October 2, 2013, from
Verner, D. (2010). Reducing poverty, protecting livelihoods, and building assets in a changing climate social implications of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Younger, P. L. (2012). Water.
Zuehlke, Emily. (n.d.). SEVEN Talk at the 2012 Alumni Forum. Vimeo. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from vimeo.com/52713136
The U.S. has the safest drinking water in the world: 91% of people served by public water systems now drink water meeting all federal health standards
Clean Water Act
3rd most polluted river in US in North Carolina - New River
Oil Spills - Deepwater, 2010, Louisiana and Mississippi
Chemical Waste - 1970s, New York
Campesino a Campesino
Human Influence
On Water
Human activities alter the ocean ecosystems.
Of all ocean water, 40% has been heavily affected by humans.
Access To Fresh Water
While water is abundant on our planet, covering approximately 70%, the overwhelming majority is unusable or even unobtainable by humans.
Human Influence on the Coral Reef
14 million tons of sediment deposited in the Great Barrier Reef annually.
Approximately 62,000 pounds of pesticides end in the Great Barrier Reef annually.
This pollution greatly damages the reef, which in turn takes a toll on Australia's tourism.
Human Influence
Coastal Development
High rates of land clearing
Unsustainable water usage and waste discharge
Fertilizers seek their way into the ocean waters.
Effects of US Water Crisis
-restrictions on water usage
shortages of steel, plastics, pharmaceuticals, etc.
-declines in agricultural output
-shutdown of hydroelectric power sources
Former swimming holes are being closed because of pollution.
Rising Water Levels
Rising Waters
Rising waters as a result of human activity
Higher waters damage and destroy habitats - for people and natural wildlife
Class Activity!
Visual Representation of Water on Earth
Everyone Represents Water--Everyone Use Ten Fingers:
All of our fingers represent water that covers an estimated 70% to 75% of the Earth's surface.
The Six Fingers Remaining Represent Fresh Water
All of the other fingers represent salt water.
The Remaining Two Fingers are not Frozen
The four fingers just put down represent fresh water that is held in glaciers, ice caps, and permanent snow.
The white of one person's fingernail, represents available fresh water.
The fingers just put down represent ground water.
Quick Statistics
All of us represent water, covering

of earth.
Of all water, only about


is fresh water.
Of that 3%,

is frozen and

is ground water.
Leaving us with

of all water on earth that is available fresh water.
Graphical Representation of Water On the Earth
Desalination - the process of converting salt water to drinking water
Use less water
How Much Do You H2Know
Xogen - produces clean water and energy from sewage
Only 59% of the Kenyan population has access to safe water supplies and 32% has access to improved sanitation.

Kenya faces challenges in water provision with erratic weather patterns in the past few years causing droughts and water shortages. Kenya also has a limited renewable water supply and is classified as a water scarce country.

Kenya doesn’t have enough natural water resources to provide enough water to the various regions of the country.

A large population of women and children spend up to 1/3 of their day retrieving water.
The primary water gatherers are also the most susceptible to water-borne diseases.
The people have been left unprotected against epidemics such as cholera and parasitic worms.
The water is not only contaminated at the basins and pumps where water is collected but the containers are almost always "found," second-hand objects.
Kenya's government does not have the funds to maintain strong piping systems.

In 1974, the government launched the National Water Master Plan, with the goal of having drinkable and available water within walking distance of every household by the year 2000.
Rural areas of Kenya are left without water and urban areas aren't much better off.
'We're committed to working closely with the people of Kenya, listening to their needs and not simply imposing our solutions. Our desire is to see more smiles like this mom's, who received one of our very first water projects.'
- The Water Project

Most of Sudan's currently accessible underground water is shared with surrounding countries.
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) uses the term water stress to refer to a situation where political or economic problems occur because of a lack of water.
About a quarter of Africa's population suffers from water stress.
Sudan has a
case of water stress.
The Sudanese are at high risks for contracting waterborne diseases.
Guinea Worm Disease: can rapidly affect a water supply for a village by one infected person, harming the total area.
An Average Sudanese Woman
“We face many problems, there is no water here in Juba. It’s normally the water tanks which bring us water. At times, these water tanks are delayed, at times they bring dirty water and at times they don’t come” at all, said Kiden.
The average person in the united states uses between ____________ gallons of water every day at home.
The average person in the developing world uses _________ gallons of water per day.
________ of the people in the world lack access to any kind of decent sanitation. (UNICEF)
11 percent of the global population – 783 million people – remains without access to an improved source of drinking water. (UN)
The weight of the water that the women carry in Africa and Asia is _____.
Poor drinking water and sanitation are the cause of over ______ of diseases in developing countries.
This water crisis claims more lives than any war claims through guns
Every 60 seconds a child dies from a water related illness
Mityana has been faced with a water shortage.
Some hotels have been forced to close their toilets, forcing the people to use pit latrines.
Government officials and NSWC officials have met to try to solve the problem.
Thousands of people in 1/3 of Uganda's districts are at risk for serious food and water shortages.
Masindi is a region with abundant rainfall.
31% protected water source
10% improved latrine coverage
1/3 of the protected water sources are not working
Unprotected sources are contaminated
There's Hope!
Generosity water is a company that sells bottles of water and all of the profits go toward funding wells
Helped 19 Countries
Funded 470 wells
If you fund a well they will name it after you or your organization and then let you know how the people are doing and the effect the clean water source has on their lives.
They believe that water is a basic human right
Drop in the Bucket installs wells in schools in South Sudan and Uganda.
Enrollment doubles after a well is installed.
They have a program to help maintain the wells
Generosity Water
Drop in the Bucket
Huge following and is a respected brand
Money from the merchandise goes to Drop in the Bucket
New merchandise every 7 days
Money made goes toward the cause they are supporting
$15,386 was donated
Answer: 100 - 175 gallons of water
Answer: 2.64 gallons of water
Answer: Half of the population
44 pounds.
False. 3 Children die from a water related illness every minute
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