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IMPERIALISM

Western Europe Worldview
by

Laura Mooney

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of IMPERIALISM

Rationale: Curricular Objectives: 8.2.4--Students will examine, critically, the factors that shaped the worldview evolving in western Europe during the Renaissance by exploring and reflecting on the following:
In what ways were the Age of Discovery and the rise of imperialism expressions of an expansionist worldview?
In what ways did exploration and intercultural contact during the Renaissance affect citizenship and identity of Europeans? Your Research KWL You may work in partners and use a KWL chart to gather what you already know and understand about imperialism.

Your group will then make a contribution to the class discussion with you findings.

Listen to other students for information that you may have missed. Add in notes to your chart. Expansionism/ Imperialism What’s the difference between expansionism and imperialism?

Imperialism: the extension of power over a territory, including its resources and people.

Expansionism: the actions and attitudes of a state or country whose goal is to expand its power and territory.

Expansionism turns into imperialism when the monarch decides to extend power and influence over the territory, resources and people through established governments. Imperialism leads to empire building. Imperialism is built on the desire to increase wealth and power. Western Europe Worldview during the Renaissance IMPERIALISM Cultural Imperialism Cost on Indigenous Societies: Economic Imperialism By the end of the Renaissance, Europe was a radically different place than it was during the Middle Ages. By examining the changes to European culture and society, students will gain an understanding and appreciation of the ways the evolving worldview of the Renaissance has shaped modern worldviews and society. Essential Question: To what extent are the ideas of the Renaissance still alive in the worldview of today. What is still valued? What has changed? Your task is to gather information on the following:
- Identify three aspects of Renaissance worldview (ie. education, religion, government, arts, philosophy).
- of these three, describe how the Renaissance brought about this change.
- outline one specific example of this aspect.
- Identify two aspects that can still be seen in the worldview today of modern society
-explain how they are still valued
-outline one example of each and be specific By 1600, less than 1/10 of the indigenous population remained
approximately 90 million people died, mostly from disease. The indigenous peoples of the Americas did not have immunities to many European diseases, such as smallpox, measles, influenza, bubonic plague, yellow fever, cholera and malaria.
weakens traditional societies, as political and spiritual leaders died, resulting in the loss of traditions and shattering families.
some indigenous cultures were completely wiped out (i.e. the Beothuk of Newfoundland and the Ona of Tierra del Fuego).
the encomienda system of tributary labour Plantations, farms and ranches were cultivated to maximize profits for the white colonists.
mercantilism
Rise of the single crops (monoculture) system---limits economic potential of the colonies and their peoples to diversify.
Cultivation of new crops--movement of goods/crops across the Atlantic; crop diversification--corn, potatoes, tomatoes, beans, peppers, peanuts, pineapples, chocolate, squash, pumpkin, vanilla, avocado, tobacco, turkey from the Americas. Cattles, horses, pigs, sheep, chickens came from Europe. Citrus fruits, pears, apples, peaches, bananas, wheat, barley and oats from Europe and Asia. Also, rubber, canoes, snowshoes, toboggans, chewing gum, new dyes and woods and pharmaceutical plants came from the Americas as well.
Colonies are an important aspect of imperialist policies, as they administrate the colonies, their people and resources. Aboriginal worldview--importance of nature. Many indigenous communities operated on principles of equality and sharing.
-Assimilation
-Current First Nations land claims were borne of the age of imperialism
-Establishment of the slave trade
-Imposing European social structure as an alternative to “barbaric’ indigenous societies. European View of “Others” Ethnocentrism: a belief that one’s own race or culture is superior to others. This attitude permeated Europeans justification of cultural and political superiority. Indigenous peoples were not considered equals to Europeans, as they were considered to be “uncivilized.”

How did imperialism affect European worldviews? Some Europeans were impressed by aspects of North American indigenous peoples’ way of life. These include a focus on personal liberty, ideas about leadership and consensus government, and a lack of emphasis on personal property ownership. These aspects of indigenous worldview were distinct from European worldview.

Some European thinkers began to question the inequalities evident in their own governments. These ideas of personal freedom and leadership later were incorporated into French and American worldviews, expressed through revolution and constitution writing.

Many Europeans saw the New World as a place of opportunity where they could shed traditional societal constraints imposed in Europe. Many saw this as an opportunity to escape religious persecution in their homelands. Others saw an opportunity to achieve social mobility--the offer of free land in the colonies was lucrative for many. The impact of the influx of gold and silver from colonies on the economies of European monarchies was measurable. As more gold and silver flowed into Europe, its buying power was reduced. As a result, inflation rose, as did the prices of goods and services for all Europeans. This created hardships for the common people (who did not have wealth coming in from colonies). Moreover, imperialist policies contributed to the development of economies as raw materials were processed in manufacturing facilities outside of Spain and Portugal, leading to a power shift.

Inflation: an increase in prices and a decrease in the purchasing power of money. Economic System It can be claimed that in many respects, the Renaissance was a watershed in human history. Life before (13th century) was radically different than life at the end of the Renaissance (end of the 17th century). The Renaissance touched many aspects of life and culture, including philosophy, the arts, science and medicine, religion, government, education, etc.

Added to the expansion in mind was expansion of the known world. New continents, intact with societies and cultures, were “discovered.” Intercultural contact brought along its own slew of issues that both influenced and reflected European worldview during the Renaissance. The Renaissance left almost no area of life/society untouched. The End of the Renaissance Your task: Identify three areas of life that reflect the influence of the Renaissance on European worldview (ie. education, religion, government, arts, philosophy, science and medicine, etc.)

For each aspect you choose, describe the changes brought about by the Renaissance, as well as the significance of these changes to European identity and worldview.

For each aspect, be sure to:
Outline at least one specific example that reflects change in worldview brought about by the Renaissance.
Identify two examples of ways in which the Renaissance permeates our worldview at present. Be sure to explain how and why these aspects are still valued. Be specific!
TO BE COMPLETED AND SUBMITTED BY THE END OF CLASS.
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