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Unit 6 Presentation: Attack of the Drones

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Colin Misich

on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of Unit 6 Presentation: Attack of the Drones

Prezi by Colin Misich Attack of the Drones: The Danger of UAVs The Future of Aerial Warfare First used in the Desert Storm operations, unmanned aerial vehicles, commonly known as drones, have become the preeminent military technology in the two decades since. A UAV is essentially a small fighter plane that can be controlled remotely without risk to the pilot, a large scale remote-controlled airplane. Initially created to be used for reconnaissance only, it wasn't long before UAVs were armed and utilized in combat situations. The U.S. now owns 8,000 drones and plans on expanding their use. In 2012, the U.S. Military launched between 80 and 90 drone strikes, with casualty estimates between 400 and 1000. Taking a Deeper Look Hypothetical A village outside of Peshawar within the FATA region of Pakistan is bombed by a misdirected U.S. drone. This attack kills over 200 civilians, including 75 children, becoming the most deadly drone strike ever. When news spreads of the attack, a wealthy businessman in Islamabad who grew up in the targeted village decides to spend his life's savings to purchase a medium-size drone on the black market and finds a launch site in Russia with the aid of the Taliban. The Taliban arms the drone with a crude nuclear warhead and attacks Honolulu, which is within the drone's range; the strike is successful and kills nearly 10,000 Americans. http://www.cnn.com/2013/02/07/politics/drones-cnn-explains
http://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/2013/01/03/emerging-from-the-shadows-us-covert-drone-strikes-in-2012-2/ Google Map of U.S. Drone Strikes in Pakistan Interactive Drone Statistics: http://drones.pitchinteractive.com/
More Drone Casualty Statistics: http://counterterrorism.newamerica.net/drones What is the Problem? UAVs may be at the center of a divisive argument in American politics, but the technology has proliferated all over the world. Countries that are known to possess drones include the USA, UK, India, Israel, France, China, Turkey, and Russia. There are likely more countries in possession of UAVs, and any country that doesn't own a few drones is guaranteed to be in the market to acquire some. If the companies that manufacture these weapons sell to any buyer with the cash (about $2 million), it wouldn't be overly difficult for a financier of terrorism to acquire an armed drone. The same technology that the U.S. Military has used to inadvertently kill civilians could be directed into highly populated regions in the United States or Europe. http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2012/aug/03/drone-stocks-by-country
http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/22/the-moral-hazard-of-drones/ Pakistani Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) The FATA Issue The FATA region of Pakistan has been the area most intensely targeted by U.S. drone strikes for the reason that both Al-Qaeda and the Taliban are believed to be centralized in this remote area. Consequentially, this is the region that has suffered the most civilian casualties. Since two prominent terrorist organizations are known to harbor members in this area, it's likely that they make recruits from the men subject to loss at the hands of drone strikes, men who wouldn't have otherwise had motivation to join a terrorist organization. Let's indulge in a hypothetical situation for a moment... http://www.cfr.org/pakistan/pakistans-new-generation-terrorists/p15422 Pros vs. Cons Though the previous hypothetical situation may seem dramatized or unrealistic, I actually believe that something similar, maybe not as catastrophic, is not outside the realm of possibility. I will explore the arguments for and against the use of unmanned vehicles. Pros Cons Drones prevent unnecessary lives from being lost.
Drones allow us to kill hard-to-reach terrorists.
UAVs save the military money in training and plane maintenance.
Pilots are spared negative psychological effects.
http://www.airpower.au.af.mil/airchronicles/cc/eberle.html Civilian deaths make up over 20% of deaths from drone strikes.
Only two high profile terrorists have been killed by drone strikes.
UAVs cost around $2 million on average.
Some psychologists believe that piloting drones places soldiers more at risk for untreated PTSD than traditional pilots.
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2023202 http://www.airliners.net/aviation-forums/military/read.main/12846/ What Should We Do About UAVs? The easy answer would be to say that because they so often put civilians in harm's way, drones should not be used by our Air Force or CIA in any circumstance. That wouldn't be the best answer, however. UAVs can be utilized in very useful ways without killing civilians; namely, for surveillance. Drones are going to start becoming available to the public in the near future, and they could be used for cinematography, law enforcement, and a host of other peaceful applications. Under extensive circumstances, I can see how an armed drone could be allowed, but the military should not be permitted to use them for assassinations the way they are currently. Our current policy on drones borders on endorsing war crimes. Nonviolent applications are the only applications UAVs should be used for. http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2013/02/26/172883485/seeking-a-field-of-dreams-for-a-rising-drone-industry
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