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The Changing World of Communication
Transcript of The Changing World of Communication
The changing world of communication has progressed rapidly over time. Due to the changing demographics and new communication technologies, success in today's changing world calls for competence in intercultural and cocultural communication, as well as tolerance because we are communicating with significantly more people on a daily basis than even 10 years ago.
Communication went from a necessity to "anything goes" mentality
Old vs New Technology
Sumerians and Phoenicians invent writing
Fire signals and human messengers relay messages across Egypt and China
Paper invented in China
First newspaper printed in Germany
Telephone first demonstrated
First commercial radio broadcast
First communications satellite launched
First e-mail sent using "@" in address
First cell phone call
IBM announces its first personal computer
World Wide Web begins
First text message sent
YouTube.com appears online
iPad enhances mobile computing and communication
Print, film, broadcasting, and propaganda jump started the study of communication within the social sciences
1950s: Human relationships/work started small group studies
1960s: Personal relationship studies
Now: We study communications within all relationships
The study of communication broadened because of immigration:
We had a more diverse group of people
Communication became more challenging
Offered new perspectives
"The 2008 census bureau noted that almost 5 million Americans reported belonging to 2 or more races, and that group was increasing in number 10 times faster than white Americans"
Culture: The language, values, beliefs, tradition, and customs people share and learn
"Coculture" was coined by social scientists to describe the perception of membership in a group that is a part of an encompassing culture
Cocultures in today's society include
Formality: Cultural values and norms
High and Low-Context Culture
A low-context culture uses language primarily to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas as directly as possible. By contrast, a high-context culture relies heavily on subtle often non-verbal cues to maintain social harmony
The Changing World of Communication
Presented by: Marcee, Nichole, Taylor, Bret, and Zachary
Individualism and Collectivism
Individualistic cultures view their primary responsibility as helping themselves
Collectivistic cultures feel loyalties and obligations to an in-group such as one's extended family, community, or even the organization they work for
Power Distance refers to the extent of the gap between social groups who possess resources and influences and those who don't
Power Distance and Uncertainty Avoidance
The term Uncertainty Avoidance is used to reflect the degree to which members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous situations and how much they try to avoid them
Exposure and Positive Attitudes
The link between exposure and positive attitudes has been called "contact hypothesis" i.e., straight & gay, culture & cocultures, and people with & without disabilities.
Exposure isn't enough; we need a genuine desire to know and learn:
- Equal status
-Chance to deny stereotypes
-Ambiguity and open-mindedness
People need to possess enough knowledge of other cultures to know what's appropriate
-Rules and customs
By using different strategies one can obtain a competent style of intercultural communication
-Passive Observation: Noticing what behaviors members of different cultures use and applying them in communication in ways that are most effective
-Active Strategies: Reading, watching films, and asking experts and members of other cultures how to behave, taking courses in intercultural communications and diversity
-Self-disclosure: Volunteering personal information to other cultures with whom you wish to communicate with
Internet offers a useful way to enhance contact with people from different backgrounds
Example: Facebook (translations)
Social media can be a text message, instant message, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, or even YouTube.
Social media targets can range from a single individual to large groups (instant message vs wall post)
Mass Media vs Social Media
Usually single to a larger group
User generated content
YouTube is an exception (it can go viral)
Stored indefinitely & can be forwarded
"The safest approach is to only share information that you are willing to have seen and read by anyone with an internet connection" because anyone can forward your messages
Who Uses Social Media?
Beginning in 2010 almost 75% of American teens used social media sites. Use for young adults under age 30 was identical
40% of adults age 30 and older were social networkers
First text message was sent in December of 1992, by 2005 the number of text messages sent every day exceeded the Earths population
Only 8% of teens use Twitter, 32% of young adults use Twitter
E-mail numbers exceed 200 billion, 68% of adults online use e-mail, and teens are less likely to use e-mail because they prefer texting
People use Social Media For...
Be careful what you post! You may be haunted by adolescent mistakes in the form of digital texts or photos posted online
10% of young adults from 14-24 years old have text or e-mailed a nude image of themselves to someone else and 8% of them admitted they had been forwarded nude images of someone they knew
Be considerate! Respect others' need for undivided attention: don't text or be on the phone while interacting with others.
Keep your tone civil:
Disinhibition: the tendency to transmit messages without considering their consequences
Flaming: Sending angry and/or insulting e-mails, text messages, and website postings
*Ask yourself before you send the message, would you deliver the same message to the recipient in person?
Respect privacy and boundaries, DON'T STALK PEOPLE
Be mindful of bystanders, be aware of your surroundings
Excessive Social Media Usage
It can lead to depression, loneliness, and social anxiety. The danger signs include:
Failure to resist the urge to use the internet
The increase in time needed to achieve satisfaction
Time of internet use exceeds the amount anticipated or intended
Failure in attempts to reduce internet usage
IAD: Internet Addiction Disorder
Just Be Safe!
Don't disclose information:
A public-access medium
Accounts can be hacked!
E-mail can be forwarded
Cell phones while driving cause accidents, 2,600 deaths, 330,000 injuries every year
Texting while driving
Sexting is criminal
"Now that cell phones allow kids to socialize every hour, they send and receive an average of 88 texts a day. According to PEW- They're living under the constant influence of their friends. Never before in history have people been able to grow up and reach age 23 so dominated by their peers"
"70% of teens check their phones every hour, and many experience phantom pocket-vibration syndrome"
"Twixters put off life choices because they can choose from a huge array of career options, some of which, like jobs in social media, which didn't exist 10 years ago"
"Because of online dating, Facebook circles, and the ability to connect with people internationally, they no longer have to marry people from high school or even their home country"
"The internet has democratized opportunity from many young people, giving them access and information that once belonged mostly to the wealthy"
"It's becoming too exhausting for millennials to front a perfect life on social media says Evan Spiegel, co-founder of Snap Chat"
"Each countries millennials are different, but because of globalization, social media, the exporting of Western cultures, and the speed of change, millennials worldwide are more similar to one another than older generations within their nations"
Asynchronous Communication: Communication that occurs when there is a time gap between when a message is sent and when a message is received
Synchronous Communication: Communication that occurs in real time
Me, Me, Me