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Facility Design

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by

Jennifer Edmonds, PhD

on 10 January 2017

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Transcript of Facility Design

Facility Design
What processes should office layouts consider?
Positions workers, their
equipment, and
spaces/offices
to provide for movement
of information
Office Layouts
Where should each process be located?
Conference rooms, collaboration spaces, etc.

LEGO Office Denmark
LivingSocial in Washington, D.C.
http://www.inc.com/worlds-coolest-offices
Unilever headquarters in Switzerland
Atelier Tenjinyama in Japan
Retail Layouts
Allocate shelf space, facilitate customer flow and
respond to customer behavior
Office Design
Retail Design
Process Layouts
What processes should office layouts consider?
Where should each process be located?
What processes do these layouts facilitate?
What processes do these layouts facilitate?
What processes do these layouts facilitate?
What processes do these layouts facilitate?
What processes should the layout consider?
Where should those processes be located?
What processes should the layout consider?
Where should those processes be located?
Spine Layouts
What processes should the layout consider?
What processes should the layout consider?
Projects
Fixed Position
The nature of the product dictates this kind of layout (weight, size bulk, etc.).
…large, bulky projects such as building ships, buildings and roads.
What processes are relevant to each environment?
a process can be anything that consumes space...
Where should each process be located?
How much space and capacity does each process need?
How should the space for each process be configured?
Job Shops
Process-Oriented Layouts
Facilities are arranged according to the processes that are being done.
Batch Processes
Work Cell Layout
Cellular layouts may reduce employee movement and space requirements while enhancing communication, reducing the number of workers, and facilitating inspection.
Continuous Flow
Product-Oriented Layouts
Organized around products or families of similar high-volume, low-variety products
Can handle a variety of processing requirements
Not particularly vulnerable to equipment failures
Equipment used is less costly
Possible to use individual incentive plans
Identification of families of products
A high level of training, flexibility and empowerment of employees
Being self-contained, with its own equipment and resources
High rate of output
Low unit cost
Labor specialization
Low material handling cost
High utilization of labor and equipment
Established routing and scheduling
Routing accounting and purchasing
Creates dull, repetitive jobs
Poorly skilled workers may not maintain equipment or quality of output
Fairly inflexible to changes in volume
Grid Design
Free Flow Design
Employees along with their equipment, come to the site to do their work.
what processes does this layout facilitate?
GRID
FREE FLOW
LOOP
SPINE
a process can be a regularly occurring sequence of steps
Loop Layouts
http://www.inc.com/videos/201110/coolest-offices-video-interview-with-marc-kushner.html
Service-providing firms also use fixed-position layouts; examples include major hardware and software installations, sporting events, and concerts.
High in-process inventory costs
Challenging routing and scheduling
Equipment utilization rates are low
Material handling slow and inefficient
Complexities often reduce span of supervision
Special attention for each product or customer
Highly susceptible to shutdowns
Needs preventive maintenance
Individual incentive plans are impractical
Robotic disassembly line…
Disassembly is being considered in new product designs
“Green” issues and recycling standards are important consideration
Disassembly Lines
Automotive
disassembly is
the 16th largest
industry in
the US
http://boeingblogs.com/randy/archives/2007/08/
Boeing is implementing a more efficient production system on the 777 line in Everett.
Warehouse Design
Warehouse Design
Retrieval
A simple, small warehouse requires neither automation or sophisticated storage devices.


Stacked pallets, floor storage or simple racks
and shelves suffice. Handling is manual.
High density storage with high bays,
multi-levels and dense packing.










Low turnover means that
picking can be manual
or semi-manual.
With high picking activity but low storage, the picking area should be compact and dense and  storage is simple.














Some automation of picking may be justified.
This indicates a large and active warehouse
such as a Distribution Center.








In these situations,
high technology automated picking
combined with mechanized handling
and high density storage
justifies itself.
A simple, small warehouse requires neither automation or sophisticated storage devices. Stacked pallets, floor storage or simple racks and shelves suffice. Handling is manual.

http://www.strategosinc.com/warehouse.htm

What processes should retail layouts consider?
What are the relevant processes in a warehouse?
STORAGE RETRIEVAL
STORAGE RETRIEVAL
STORAGE RETRIEVAL
STORAGE RETRIEVAL
Location Design
http://www.businessinsider.com/apple-store-layout-makes-you-spend-2014-9
Beats Electronics
Selgas Cano Architecture Office
Madrid, Spain
This is the office of the Selgas Cano architects in Madrid, I guess it’s not downtown Madrid. They definitely have a different perspective on their surroundings.
Photos by Iwan Baan
http://www.todayandtomorrow.net/2009/05/06/selgas-cano-architecture-office/
Full transcript