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John Coltrane

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Nachman Kaul-Seidman

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of John Coltrane

Tourin' Jazz Second Chance at Love John Coltrane By Natalie Meyer and Nachman Shridhar Kaul-Seidman Growin' up with John - John Coltrane was born in Hamlet, Carolina, on September 23, 1962
- His mother, Alice, played piano, and his father, John, played violin and ukulele, as well as being a taylor
- John grew up in high point, N.C. and went to Leonard St. School
- John's grandfather, Reverend Blair, died in 1938, and John's father died a few weeks later A Tragic Childhood Spark of Music - John was exposed to recordings of Count Basie and Lester Young, which inspired him to play
- John's family, unlike many other black families, did not view popular music (jazz, blues, etc), as that of the Devil
- Warren Steel, John's boy scout leader, started John on alto horn
- A little later, John switched to clarinet
- After this, Lester Young inspired john to pick up alto sax
- John would imitate Charlie Parker's and Johnny Hodges's playing
- Once he graduated, John moves to Philadelphia Bibliography - In Philadelphia, John took classes at the Ornstein School of music
- John's friends called him "The Swinging One, because his style of playing kept increasing in speed, energy, and rhythm
- In 1945, John was drafted, and played in a navy band for 2 years
- After this, the GI bill let John go to the Granoff School of Music - John traveled out of Philadelphia playing alto sax with several bands, including that of Dizzy Gillespie
- He also played tenor sax with Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson's band
- While touring, John started drinking, doing drugs, and smoking
- In 1954 Duke Ellington hired him breifly, but then fired him because of his drug use "A young Man in a Big City" Love at First Sight Big Players For Big Bands - On October 3rd, 1955, John married Namia
- Namia, like John, also loved music, and they would have long conversations concerning it
- Namia already had a younger daughter, Syeeda, who went to live with John with her - Also, in 1955, John was invited to play in Miles Davis's band
- Davis played slower, quieter music
- While playing with Miles, John kept using drugs, though he tried to reject them
- In 1957, Miles eventually fired John because of his drug habits, but told him that if he stopped, he could rejoin A Resolution - After being fired, John kept up his bad habits for a little bit
- Then, John finally decided to cleanse himself, and also dedicate his music to God
- John lived only off water for many days, staying in his room and praying, hoping to rid his system of drugs
- After he quit drugs, he joined the Thelonious Monk Quartet
- While playing with Monk, he became more popular, and also recorded several albums
- Later, he rejoined Miles Davis, and also started the soprano sax
-He also recorded the albums Kind of Blue (with Miles Davis) and Giant Steps Independence! - In 1960, John formed the John Coltrane quartet, with Elvin Jones beating his heart out on drums, Steve Davis on bass, and McCoy Tyner on piano
- John and the rest of the quartet were good friends, and got along well Recording Rampage - In October, 1960, the quartet recorded the material for 3 albums: My Favorite Things (released in 1961), Coltrane Plays the Blues (1962, and Coltrane's Sound (1964)
- John was named "Jazzman of the Year" in 1961 by Downbeat
- In 1961, John got a contract with Impulse Records, with an advance fee of $50,000
- John's first record for Impulse Records was called Africa/brass (it included rhythms from Africa and ragas from India)
- John recorded the albums "Coltrane" (in which he deliberatetly played out of tempo)and "Ballads" and "John Coltrane and Johhny Hartman" (to please mainstream fans)
- John recorded "John Coltrane and Duke Ellington" with Ellington as well
- Ellington taught John that one does not have to record several takes of the same song Coltrane's Style - John did not consider his music "jazz", prefering not to name it
- John's music had religious and political themes-"Alabama" inspired by the civil rights movement, while "A Love Supreme" was dedicated to God
- Some of John's music was dubbed "sheets of sound" because it was so "thick" and complex, which Miles Davis did not apreciate
- John's playing was not easy to dance to or hum, which made it slightly less popular
- John's compositions were influenced by music from all around the world (including Africa, India, and Latin America)
- When playing, John would sometimes borrow riffs from other cultures
- Later, John's solos began to last up to 3 hours, at which point some of his fans left
- John would improvise off of single phrases of music
- John also would improvise variations of themes, until the original songs were barely recognisable (John had an alternate version of "My Favorite Things" - John Coltrane, Jazz Revolutionary, by Rachel Stiffler Barron
- Spirit Seeker John Coltrane's Musical Journey, by Gary Golio and Rudy Gutierrez
-"Coltrane, John." Compton's by Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 23 Feb. 2013.
- http://www.biography.com/people/john-coltrane-9254106 Legacy - John's son, Ravi, carried on John's legacy, becoming a tenor saxaphonist himself
- The Beatles, like John appreciated Ravi Shankars sitar (similar to a banjo) playing
- Many groups, including The Byrds, The Allman Brothers, Eric Clapton, The Who, say that John influenced their music Alto horn Clarinet Alto Sax John's Instruments Tenor sax Soprano sax John Coltrane - In November, 1962, Naima went with John on his European tour
- John was busy writing and rehearsing, and did not spend time with Naima
- In the summer of 1963, John moved out from the house he shared with Naima and Syeeda
- That September, John recorded "Alabama" (which was released in his Birdland album) greiveing the bombing of a segregated black church in Alabama
- In 1964, John released the album "A Love Supreme", which included a poem concerning a man's spiritual journey (inspired by a vision of God), and was also played 12 keys
- In August, 1966, John Married Alice McCleod
- Alice layed the piano, the organa, and the vibraphone
- John and Alice had 3 children: John W. Coltrane Jr., Ravi John Coltrane, and Oranyan Olabisi Coltrane
- Alice played with John's group as well
- Later, the John's band toured Japan, welcomed by thousands of fans
- Swing Journal, a japaneze jazz magazine, voted John the most popular musician in Japan a year later
- After the tour, John was feeling unwell
- On July 17, 1967, John coltrane died of liver cancer A Love Supreme
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