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Coral Reefs

An overview of the coral reefs biome
by

H R

on 3 May 2010

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Transcript of Coral Reefs

Anywhere with warm water Where are coral reefs found? The temperature must be above 18 degrees C
This limits the geographical area to between 23 degrees N and 23 degrees S "Coral Reefs." Biomes of the World. The Wild Classroom , 2010. Web. 23 Apr
2010. <http://www.thewildclassroom.com/biomes/coralreef.html>. What's the climate like? "Coral Reef Information." All the Information You Need on
Coral Reefs. AboutCoralReefs.Com, 2009. Web. 23 Apr
2010.
<http://aboutcoralreefs.com/>. Temperate or tropical climates Shallow, warm water Great Barrier Reef in Queensland, Australia Many throughout the Pacific Ocean Works Cited More diverse on east coasts

This is because ocean currents flow clockwise in northern hemisphere but counterclockwise in southern hemispheres

The cold water of ocean currents flows towards the equator, along coastlines, on the eastern sides of oceans Australia Adventures. Web. 25 Apr 2010. "Great Barrier Reef Map."
Australia Diving. Web. 25 Apr 2010. Geology "Tropical Oceans." What's it like where you live?.
Missouri Botanical Garden, 2002. Web. 26 Apr 2010.
<http://www.mbgnet.net/salt/coral/index.htm>. A coral reef is made up of thousands of corals

After a coral dies, its skeleton of calcium carbonate is left behind
New corals attach themselves to the old skeleton and the cycle starts over Every new generation is built upon the remains of the previous one "Sydney Aquarium - Great Barrier Reef."
Down Under Experiences. Web. 26 Apr 2010. "Questions of science and progress do not speak as
loud as my heart." The Leadership Campaign.
Web. 26 Apr 2010.
"Calcium Carbonate ."
PhotoBucket. Web. 27 Apr 2010. "Heron Island." Treehugger. Web. 27 Apr 2010. Animals Behavioral Adaptations Physical Adaptations Adaptations appear in animals because certain shapes and colors create a camouflage.
This helps the animals living in the coral reefs avoid predators. Stonefish have adapted over time to help it to blend in with its coral reef surroundings. One adaptation of clownfish is the relationship between the fish and sea anemones. They live inside the sea anemone's stinging tentacles as a way of protection against predators. They are able to live in the sea anemones because of their body mucus. This is also an example of a symbiotic relationship in this biome. Examples Sponges Sea anemones Great Barracuda Hawksbill Plants "About Coral Reefs." CoRIS.
National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration, 06
Nov 2009. Web. 27 Apr 2010.
<http://coris.noaa.gov/about/>. Coral reefs take on one of three forms- atoll, barrier, or fringing. The terrain is the coral reefs themseleves. The areas where there are coral are indicated in red--
Notice that the highest areas of coral reef are found on the east coasts of continents.
"Coral Reef Plants." Coral-Reef-Info.com. N.p., 06 Nov 2009.
Web. 27 Apr 2010. <http://www.coral-reef-info.com/coral-
reef-plants.html>. Marine Algae Seagrasses Mangroves Found mainly in the areas where hard coral is present Red algae that helps the structure of coral reefs Form habitats for a large variety of animals Increase amount of marine fish in reefs Shoreline plants-- not found in hard coral "Red Mangrove." Nature Foundation St. Maarten. Web. 27 Apr 2010. "A View of Mangroves Underwater." Physical Geology 2004. Web. 27 Apr 2010. "Seagrasses Stabilize Sediments." Importance of Seagrasses.
Web. 27 Apr 2010. "Posidonioa australis." Seagrass Meadows.
Web. 27 Apr 2010. There is no wind underwater, but as stated earlier, the currents have an effect on the reef's growth Located along areas near the Equator "Phylum Rhodophya." Biology. Web. 28
Apr 2010. "California Pacific Marine Algae." Golden State
Images. Web. 28 Apr 2010.
"World Climate Zones." World Climates. Blue Planet Biomes, n.d.
Web. 28 Apr 2010. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/climate.htm>. The equator's average temperature is around 80 degrees Fahrenheit "Average Annual Temperatures Around the Globe." The Reference Frame.
Web. 28 Apr 2010. An adaptation of these plants is that they grow to protect the coral and keep the coral structurally sound. Another symbiotic relationship typical of this biome is the way coral reefs obtain nutrients through photosynthesis. This is unique because coral reefs are considered animals. In a way, coral reefs perform as an example of plants in their biome. "Coral Reefs. Voices of Discovery Tour. Web. 29 Apr 2010. By Hannah Ragsdale "Oceanography." Galapagos Online. Web.
30 Apr 2010. "Hawksbill Turtle." Island Dreams. Web. 30 Apr 2010. "Clownfish." Animal Expo. Web. 30 Apr 2010. "Stonefish." New England Aquarium. Web.
Apr 30 2010. "Great Barracuda." Great Barracuda. Web 30
Apr 2010. The process of photosynthesis: Reef-building corals often contain photosynthetic algae, called zooxanthellae. The coral provides a safe environment and nutrients for the algae. In exchange, the algae produce oxygen and help dispel wastes. In addition, the algae provides the coral with glucose, glycerol, and amino acids. These are the products of photosynthesis.

These products are useful because the coral uses them to make proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and as the basis for producing calcium carbonate. zooxanthellae Healthy coral with zooxanthellae Unhealthy coral without zooxanthellae Coralline algae http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=3765bac4-aa4f-4a17-a052-42724140440d Click here to learn more about coral reefs! "Nemo." The Westcoast Blog. Web. 30 Apr 2010
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