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Pronouns Manual

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c connor

on 22 March 2013

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Transcript of Pronouns Manual

Pronouns Manual By Julia Connor Lesson 4
Pronouns After Linking Verbs Lesson 4
Pronouns After Linking Verbs Lesson 5
Pronouns in Compounds Lesson 3
Possessive Pronouns Lesson 2
Subject and Object Pronouns Lesson 3
Possessive Pronouns Lesson 2
Subject and Object Pronouns Lesson 1
Pronouns and Antecedents Lesson 1
Pronouns and Antecedents This manual will teach you all about pronouns in a fun and easy way. You probably use pronouns all the time without realizing it. They help your writing to flow and sound less repetitive. This handbook will cover eight lessons all about pronouns and give you sample sentences and some questions to do yourself. Once you are finished reading and doing the activities in this manual, you will be a pronoun pro! Write whether the pronouns in pink are subject pronouns or object pronouns. If it is an object pronoun, tell whether it is a direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition.
1. Air is there even though it is invisible.
2. You can use a barometer to measure air pressure.
3. There are two types of barometers. They are aneroid barometers and mercury barometers.
4. Give him my science book to read.
5. I will explain air pressure to her.
6. Air pressure is everywhere. You can feel it at the bottom of a pool or the top of a mountain.
7. It would be different without air pressure pushing on us.
8. We would feel like we were floating.
9. Air pressure and gravity work together, and they keep us on the ground.
10. Air pushes in every direction so it doesn't crush us. You have learned that possessive nouns show ownership. A possessive noun can also be replaced by a pronoun.
Unlike possessive nouns, a possessive pronoun does NOT have an apostrophe.
Devin's hat is purple. Her hat is pretty.
Some possessive pronouns are always used before a noun. Others are always used alone.
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
Used Before Nouns Used Alone
Singular Plural Singular Plural
my our mine ours
your your yours yours
his her his hers
its their its theirs
Used Before Nouns: His cat is orange. Our dog is fluffy.
Used Alone: That snake is theirs. This lizard is mine.
Do NOT confuse possessive pronouns with contractions - Possessive pronouns don't have apostrophes.
Possessive Pronouns Contractions
its (belongs to it) it's (it is)
their (belongs to them) they're (they are)
your (belongs to you) you're (you are)
Possessive Pronoun: Jesus forgives your mistakes when you are truly sorry.
Contraction: You're (you are) a special child of God.
Possessive Pronoun: Their sins are always forgiven.
Contraction: They're (they are) always loved by Christ. And so are we! For each of the following sentences, circle the linking verb. Then choose the correct pronoun to complete the sentence.
1. It was (we/us) who got lost.
2. The one with the coolest mustache is (him/he).
3. It will be (they/them) who will be the slowest.
4. It appears (me/I) who is the worst dancer.
5. The ones who were astonished were (I/we).
6. The quietest one is (you/we).
7. Happy are (us/we) who trust in the Lord.
8. The ones who love God seems to be (they/us).
9. It wasn't (I/me) who spilled the juice.
10. The kindest person remains (her/she). You know that two or more simple subjects joined by or or and make a compound subject.
You can replace these subjects with pronouns.
It is polite to name yourself last.
She and he made invitations.
Georgina and I will decorate the room.
Tip: To check that you used the correct pronoun, try using the pronoun alone as the subject. For example, drop the words Georgina and. I will decorate the room is correct.
You also know that an object pronoun can either receive the action of a verb or come after a preposition. You can use pronouns for compound objects too - still name yourself last.
God loves you and me.
Please give these to him and them.
Will you make copies for them and us?
You can check to see if the pronouns are correct here too by taking out the other object noun or pronoun. Introduction A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun or nouns.
An antecedent is the word that the pronoun takes the place of. The antecedent may or may not be in the same sentence as the pronoun. If the antecedent is plural, make sure to use a plural pronoun. There may be more than one antecedent.
Example: John enjoys learning about Roman history. He enjoys learning about Roman history.
Our class is studying Ancient Rome. We are studying Ancient Rome.
Singular Pronouns: I you he she it
Plural Pronouns: we you they
The antecedents in the sentences below will be in blue, and the pronouns will be in red. Notice that if the antecedent is plural, so is the pronoun.
Rome started as a small village, but it became a large, busy town. (singular)
According to myth, Romulus and Remus were the founders of Rome, and they were twins. (plural)
Julius Caesar became the first dictator of Rome, and he had many accomplishments. (singular)
Some Romans disliked Caesar, so they killed this ruler on the Ides of March.
Caesar's wife knew that others were planning to kill him, so she warned him not to go out. (singular)
Augustus Caesar replaced Julius Caesar, and he ruled for 41 years. Identify the pronoun in each sentence. Write
whether it is singular or plural. Then find the antecedent(s). Remember, the antecedent isn't always in the same sentence as the pronoun.
1. Jake, Peter, Ellie, and I are in a group at school, and we are writing a play.
2. It is about life in Ancient Rome.
3. Ellie is writing the script. She is a great writer.
4. Our play is being performed for the class tomorrow, and they will give us feedback.
5. Jake will be the narrator because he doesn't like acting.
6. My mom is helping make the costumes. They look like the clothes Romans wore.
7. Mrs. Retta, our teacher, is watching our practice, and she is pleased with our work.
8. Peter is making props for the stage. They look great!
9. We are all excited.
10. It will be a great play!
BONUS: Can you find the pronoun in this sentence?:
Make a copy of the script. A subject pronoun replaces a subject noun.
An object pronoun replaces an object noun.
Subject Pronouns: I we they you he she it
Object Pronouns: me us them you him her it
An object pronoun can replace a direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition.

Amanda asked me a question about air pressure. (indirect object)
I found a book about air and gave it to Amanda. (direct object)
We are learning about air pressure in science. (subject)
Air pressure is the column of air that pushes down on us. (object of a preposition)
It pushes in all directions. (subject)
You might feel your ears pop as you hike up a mountain or ride in a plane. (subject) For each of the following sentences, circle the word(s) that correctly completes the sentence. 1. God will always be with us to guide us, just as He was with our/ours ancestors in Israel.
2. God's grace is my/mine and your/yours.
3. Its/It's never too late to grow closer to God.
4. The Israelites were scared in the desert. They thought their/they're God had left them.
5. Her/Hers bow is pretty.
6. Your/You're sneakers are cool.
7. Their/They're going to sell their/they're house.
8. The puppy fetches its/it's ball.
9. His/His's shirt is dirty.
10. That bike is her/hers and that is my/mine scooter. You know that a linking verb joins the subject with a word in the predicate of a sentence. A pronoun can replace a predicate noun.
Some Common Linking Verbs:
am, are, were, be, been, look, feel, smell, taste, is, was, seem, being, become, appear, remain
ALWAYS USE A SUBJECT PRONOUN AFTER A LINKING VERB!
Tip: Switch around the sentence to see if it makes sense because it might sound funny.
It is she who is studying for the test. (it is being linked to she) She is studying for the test.
It was they who didn't do their homework. (it and they are being linked) They didn't do their homework.
It appears to be we who won the contest.
It was he who was surprised by the fact that clouds are made out of water droplets or ice particles.
It seems to be I who learned that there are many types of clouds including cirrus, cumulus, and stratus.
The smartest ones were they.
The winner of the trivia contest will be you. What is the golden rule for using pronouns after linking verbs? Lesson 5
Pronouns in Compounds Fill in the correct pronoun(s) for each sentence. 1. You and (I, me) are studying adverbs.
2. They and (we, us) know that an adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb.
3. She happily told (he and she, him and her) about adverbs.
4. (Him and me, He and I, Him and I, I and he) know that most adverbs end in -ly.
5. Tommy and (he, him) tell us that adverbs modifying verbs tell How? Where? When?
6. Mrs. Navarro told (we, us) that adverbs modifying adverbs or adjectives usually tell to what extent, such as very and so.
7. "Adverbs can also be used to compare nouns," (she and I, I and she) stated in unison.
8. (They and he, them and him) danced more skillfully than Rachel, Lily, and Patrick.
9. "The word 'well' can be an adjective or an adverb," the teacher told (her and us, she and we).
10. "Adverbs are extremely awesome!" (they and we,
us and them) exclaimed. Lesson 6
Using Who, Whom, and Whose The pronouns who, whom, and whose are forms of the pronoun who. They are usually used to create questions.
Who is used as a subject pronoun.
Who is going to win the contest? (She will win.)
Whom is used as an object pronoun. It can be used as the object of a verb or after a preposition.
Whom will I sit with? ( I will sit with him.)
To whom will I send this letter? (I will send it to them.)
Notice how I flipped the questions to make a statement. This will help see which one makes sense (whether to use a subject or object).
Whose is the possessive form of who.
Whose notebook is this?
Who's is the contraction for who is. Don't confuse whose and who's.
Who's (who is) going to come with me?

Tip: Questions that begin with a preposition are formal. To whom do I give this to?
Questions that end with a preposition are less formal but still correct. Whom should I ride with?
Use whom when a sentence begins or ends with a preposition! Who object

Whom contraction

Whose possessive

Who's subject Lesson 6
Using Who, Whom, and Whose Fill in each sentence with who, whom, whose, or who's. 1. _______ eats the healthiest breakfast?
2. _______ said that you should eat five small meals a day?
3. _______ did you tell about reading nutrition labels?
4. _______ doctor told them to get an hour of activity daily?
5. _______ going to remember to have half of their plate be fruits and vegetables?
6. With _______ will I read nutrition labels?
7. _______ knows that you should consume about 2000 calories a day?
8. _______ mother makes them eat 5 fruits and veggies each day?
9. _______ reading and comparing different food labels?
10. _______ are you going to show the food pyramid to? Lesson 7
Using We and Us with Nouns The pronouns we and us can be used before nouns for emphasis.
Use we with a subject or after a linking verb.
Use us with a direct object, indirect object, or after a preposition.
With a subject: We students are ready for the quiz. We players won the game.
After a linking verb: The champions are we runners. The best ones are we sixth graders.
With a direct or indirect object: Everybody loves us girls. The teacher gave us kids worksheets.
After a preposition: The crowd claps for us musicians. You can always ask for advice from us professionals.
Tip: Drop the noun used for emphasis to see which pronoun fits in the sentence. A complete guide for everything you need to know about pronouns! Lesson 7
Using We and Us with Nouns Fill in each of the following sentences by writing either WE or US. 1. ____ experts know all about Spanish adjectives.
2. You can get any information from ____ students.
3. The teacher told ____ kids that adjectives in Spanish must agree in gender and number with the nouns they describe.
4. ____ girls know that adjectives describing a female usually end with -a.
5. The ones who aced the test were ____ smart kids.
6. Everyone adores ____ children.
7. The winners of the contest will be ____ boys.
8. Please give some tips to ____ newcomers.
9. Why does everyone dislike ____ boys?
10. Nobody gave ____ teachers cookies. (boohoo) Lesson 8
Indefinite Pronouns Lesson 8
Indefinite Pronouns Write the indefinite pronoun in each sentence. Then choose the verb that completes the sentence correctly. 1. Many of us (is, are) exhausted.
2. All of the students (knows, know) that the Pythagorean Theorem is a2+b2=c2.
3. Everybody (use, uses) it to find the length of one of a triangle's sides.
4. Somebody (states, state) that pi x diameter = circumference of a circle.
5. Nobody (were, was) excited to learn about finding areas of trapezoids.
6. Several in the class (is, are) good at finding areas of circles.
7. When nobody (were, was) looking, Peter used his calculator.
8. Few from Mr. Groelle's homeroom (ace, aces) the math test.
9. Each student from Mrs. Wilson and Mrs. Navarro's homerooms (get, gets) an A or B on the test.
10. Others in the class (doesn't, don't) know how to find the area of a circle. An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun without a definite antecedent. they do not refer to specific people, places, or things.
Somebody left their water bottle under my desk.
Several forgot their books for class.
Some indefinite pronouns are singular, and they always go with a singular verb. Other indefinite pronouns are plural and go with a plural verb. Remember, action verbs ending with -s are singular, and action verbs that don't end with -s are plural.
COMMON INDEFINITE PRONOUNS:
Singular Plural
anybody everything all
anyone nobody both
anything nothing few
each somebody many
everybody someone others
everyone something several
some
Nobody agrees with me. (notice the verb ends with -s because "nobody" is singular)
Many are nervous for the test. ("are" is plural and so is "many")
Everyone is excited for the field trip. (surprisingly, "everyone" is singular and so is "is") When there is a prepositional phrase after an indefinite pronoun, TAKE IT OUT! This way you don't get confused on whether the verb should be singular or plural.
Ex. Everyone in the classes (attend, attends) the meeting. The pronoun is singular, but the word before the verb is not, so it is confusing. However, if you take "in the classes" out, you would say "Everyone ATTENDS the meeting. Therefore, "Everyone in the classes attends the meeting" is correct. ANSWERS Lesson 1
1. we; Jake, Peter, Ellie, and I
2. it; play
3. she; Ellie
4. they; class
5. he; Jake
6. they; costumes
7. she; Mrs. Retta
8. They; props
9. we; Jake, Peter, Ellie, and I
10. it; play
Bonus: you Lesson 2
1. subject
2. subject
3. subject
4. indirect object
5. object of a preposition
6. direct object
7. object of a preposition
8. subject
9. subject
10. direct object Lesson 3
1. our
2. mine; yours
3. it's
4. their
5. her
6. your
7. they're, their
8. its
9. his
10. yours; my Lesson 4
1. we
2. he
3. they
4. I
5. we
6. you
7. we
8. they
9. I
10. she
Mini Slide:
Always use a subject pronoun! Lesson 5
1. I
2. we
3. him and her
4. he and I
5. he
6. us
7. she and I
8. they and he
9. her and us
10. they and we Lesson 7
1. we
2. us
3. us
4. we
5. we
6. us
7. we
8. us
9. us
10. us Lesson 8
1. are
2. know
3. uses
4. states
5. was
6. are
7. was
8. ace
9. gets
10. don't How did you do? Lesson 6
1. who
2. who
3. whom
4. whose
5. who's
6. whom
7. who
8. whose
9. who's
10. whom
Mini Slide:
who - subject
whose - possessive
whom - object
who's - contraction Match who, whom, whose, and who's with the type of word they are. =
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