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RP - Presentation
Transcript of RP - Presentation
Mainstream RP is often considered neutral regarding age, occupation, or lifestyle of the speaker.
Contemporary RP refers to speech of a younger generation of speakers. Where? Estimates suggest only 2% of the UK population speak it. It has a negligible presence in Scotland and Northern Ireland and is arguably losing its prestige status in Wales WHy? 1950 → Public School Pronunciation: Members of the ruling and privileged classes attended boarding schools :
Rugby 1924 → Daniel Jones adopted the term ¨received pronunciation¨ for the second edition of the English Pronouncing Dictionary.
The definition of ‘received’ conveys its original meaning of ‘accepted’ or ‘approved’.
Socially exclusive accent
The establishment gained a unique status
Origins of RP were in public schools and universities.
1869 → J Ellis created the term¨Received Pronunciation¨.
1757 → Doctor Johnson wrote a dictionary: A Dictionary of the English Language
He felt there was little agreement within educated society about ¨recommended¨ forms. when? It is the business of educated people to speak so that no-one may be able to tell in what county their childhood was passed. How? RP is an accent, not a dialect, since all RP speakers speak Standard English. In other words, they avoid non-standard... The 1993 Oxford Dictionary changed three main things in its description of modern RP.
For example: Recordings show that even Queen Elizabeth II has changed her pronunciation over the past 50 years RP is a broad A accent, so words like bath and chance appear with /a:/ and not /æ/.
RP is a non-rhotic accent, meaning /r/ does not occur unless followed immediately by a vowel. Pairs such as father/farther, pawn/porn, caught/court and formally/formerly are homophones.
As with any variety of English, RP encompasses a wide variety of speakers and should not be confused with the notion of ‘posh’ speech. But it does reveal a great deal about social and/or educational background. ACtivity Unlike many North American accents, RP has not undergone the father-bother or cot-caught mergers.
There are, however, several words where a yod has been lost with the passage of time: for example, the word suit originally had a yod in RP but this is now extremely rare.
Unlike most southern-hemisphere accents of English, RP has not undergone the weak vowel merger, meaning that pairs such as Lenin/Lennon are distinct. The modern style of RP is an accent often taught to non-native speakers learning British English One group of these academicians produced different studies about dictionaries. Specially, they were the creators of the Oxford English Dictionary.
WHO? Where? WHy? when? How? The beautiful British writer scattered the letters
In Hertford, Hereford and Hampshire hurricanes hardly ever happen In fact...
"R" glides... So... Finally... AdDitionally