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Wired for Sex: Porn & Sex Addiction

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J.M. Jobin

on 4 July 2013

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Transcript of Wired for Sex: Porn & Sex Addiction

Wired for Sex
Prevalence and Scope
By Sandy Schoepke
The Physiology of Pornography
By Maryann West
Biblical Insight and Cultural Perspective
By Vonda Chipman
The Addiction Cycle
By Heather Dunleavy
Understanding Pornographic and Sexual Addictions
Setting the Stage
By Jim Jobin
Treatment for Addiction
Fixation
Preparation
Compulsion
Shame
& Depression
A person begins to think about the object of interest more and more frequently.
Sex Porn Masturbation
His or her mind blocks out everything out.
The brain becomes hijacked!
A person begins to rationalize and excuse his or her behavior.
He or she may experiment with pornographic websites or adults books or strip clubs or search for an interested partner.
With the positive chemical reinforcement (from the release of dopamine), the person now becomes very susceptible to addiction. As the person repeats the actions over and over again, he or she becomes an addict.
With each new incident the release of dopamine increases, which causes the person to become addicted. Control is given over to the addictive substance and the addict experiences euphoria.
The feelings of euphoria are amplified with sex and porn addictions because of all the additional chemicals that are released into the body during sex and orgasm.
The chemicals released into the brain cannot tell the difference between real sex and masturbation to pornography – so the brain is flooded with more dopamine and norepinephrine, testosterone, oxytocin, and serotoin. That is a very powerful cocktail of hormones. This is why pornography addiction is considered the crack cocaine of sexual disorders.
Just like coming down from a sugar high, after this kind of high the addict falls into a deep and profound depression.
The depression is both psychological and physiological. The body suffers from withdrawal, in the exact same way a drug addict does, and the person suffers emotionally because of his or her lack of self-control and the fear of the consequences of his actions.
These physical and mental reactions to the lack of the desired lead the addict to repeat the entire process until “the pain of staying the same is worse than the pain of change.”
How Big is the Problem?
What is the Prognosis?
What are the Social Impacts?
400 Million
out of
4.2 Billion
Websites(Thompson, 2005)
71%
of College men and
46%
women view porn as acceptable in long-term relationships
(Olmstead, Negash, Pasley, & Fincham, 2013).
13%
of the U.S. population regularly view internet sites (Twohig, Crosby, & Cox, 2009).
There are almost 2 times more male addicts than females (Kafka, 2010)
Prognosis of sexual disorders with counseling techniques is
good
. CBT is very effective, as well as 12-Step Programs.
Retooling a Porn Brain, recovery depends on whether sexual relations began before addictions.
(Penix Sbraga & O’Donahue, 2003) (Schneider & Irons, 2001).
Teens believe that porn is cool (Melby, 2010)
College students associate pornography with liberalizing effect and empowered to
“explore new sexual behaviors and relationships"
(Weinberg Williams, Kleiner & Irizarry, 2010).
Volkow, N., Wang, G., Fowler, S., Tomasi, D.; Telang, F. and Baler, R. (2010). Addiction: Decreased reward sensitivity and increased expectation sensitivity conspire to overwhelm the brain’s control circuit. Bioessays. 32 (9); 748-755.

Wilson, Gary. (2010). Intoxicating Behaviors: 300 Vaginas= a lot of dopamine. Retrieved from http://www.yourbrainonporn.com/intoxicating-behaviors-300-vaginas-a-lot-of-dopamine

Wilson, G. (2011). Does porn addiction cause irreversible damage to the brain? Retrieved from http://yourbrainonporn.com/does-porn-addiction-cause-irreversible-damage-to-the-brain

Flood, M. (2009). The harms of pornography exposure among children and young people. Child Abuse Review, 18(6), 384-400.

Johnson, J. A. (2011). Mapping the feminist political economy of the online commercial pornography industry: A network approach. International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 7(2), 189-208.

Kaplan, M. S., & Krueger, R. B. (2010). Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of hypersexuality. Journal of Sex Research, 47(2/3), 181-198.

Martin P. Kafka. (2010). Hypersexual disorder: A proposed diagnosis for DSM-V. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39(2), 377 – 400.

Melby, T. (2010). Teens, porn and the digital age. (cover story). Contemporary Sexuality, 44(9 1-5.n.d. (2012) Your brain on porn: young porn users need longer recover their mojo. Retrieved from http://www.yourbrainonporn.com/young-porn-users-need-longer-recover-their-mojo

Olmstead, B., Negash, S., Pasley, K., & Fincham, F. D. (2013). Emerging adults’ expectations for pornography use in the context of future committed romantic relationships: A qualitative study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42(4), 625–635.

Peter, J., & Valkenburg, P. M. (2010). Adolescents' use of sexually explicit internet material and sexual uncertainty: The Role of Involvement and Gender. Communication Monographs, 77(3), 357-375.

Schneider, J., & Irons, R. (2001). Assessment and Treatment of addictive sexual disorders: Relevance for chemical dependency relapse. Substance Use & Misuse, 36(13), 1795.

Thompson, M. (2005). Online recreation. Technology Review, 108(8), 32.

Twohig, M. P., Crosby, J. M., & Cox, J. M. (2009). Viewing internet pornography: For whom is it problematic, how, and why? Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 16(4), 253-266.

Weinberg, M., Williams, C., Kleiner, S., & Irizarry, Y. (2010). Pornography, Normalization, and Empowerment. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39(6), 1389-1401.

Patrick Carnes. 2001. Out of the shadows: understanding sexual addiction, Hazelden: Center City, Minnesota.
Natural Desire:
God's Design
Dopamine
Good News!
4 Brain
Alterations
Neurochemical that causes the desire and motivation to pursue sex.

The over production of dopamine activates Delta fos B protein which causes changes in the brain.
Desensitization
Sensitization
Hyperfrontality
Dysfunction Stress Circuit
Volkow et al.(2010)
Wilson (2010)
Can be Reversed
Use it or Lose it
Unwire the Brain
Corinthians
Culture
Judeo-Christianity's Influence
Sexual Immorality
Sex, Bible, Culture
Oneness
God’s purpose for spiritual intercourse is to experience intimacy (oneness) with God in spirit, soul, and body. Sexual intimacy in the context of marriage between a man and a woman represents our three dimensional oneness with God (Rosenau, 2002).

"for we are members of his body. “For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.” This is a profound mystery—but I am talking about Christ and the church.Ephesians 5: 30-32
• Proverbs 29:18 NKJV
“Without a prophetic revelation, the people cast off restraint. But happy is he who keeps the law. “

• Without a biblical understanding of God’s purpose for sex within the context of marriage, the culture casts off sexual restraint and adopts an anything goes attitude about sexual activity.
Sexual Immorality

The English word pornography is derived from the biblical Greek word “porneia” which is derived from the word prostitute and means sexual immorality (Harper, 2012). The

Latin translation is fornicatio, thus translated fornication in English.

In ancient Rome and Greek culture, Greek and Roman sexual morality was rooted in social structure. Sexual immorality was restricted to the violation of a marriageable woman’s sexual honor (Harper, 2012). Sexual access to slaves and prostitutes was an exceptionally important part of Greco-Roman sexual culture (Harper, 2012).
However, Hellenistic Judaism and New Testament Christianity had an enduring association of sexual sins with spiritual idolatry.
You say, “Food for the stomach and the stomach for food, and God will destroy them both.” The body, however, is not meant for sexual immorality but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. By his power God raised the Lord from the dead, and he will raise us also. Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ himself? Shall I then take the members of Christ and unite them with a prostitute? Never! Do you not know that he who unites himself with a prostitute is one with her in body? For it is said, “The two will become one flesh.” But whoever is united with the Lord is one with him in spirit.

Flee from sexual immorality. All other sins a person commits are outside the body, but whoever sins sexually, sins against their own body. Do you not know that your bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own; you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your bodies.
1 Corinthians 6: 13-20
Porneia was not a common term before Judaism and Christianity infused it with new meaning which included sexual activity outside of the marriage covenant described in Leviticus Chapters 15 &18 as sexual immorality including Jewish and Christian men committing sex with prostitutes ( Harper, 2012).



The birth and rise of the influence of Christianity on the Roman Empire caused Emperor Constantine to legalize Christianity as the state religion thereby causing many of the GrecoRoman temples of worship and prostitution to close (Harper 2012).
(Carnes, 2001)
(Kafka, 2009)
Hypersexuality
Levels of Addiction
Case Presentation
&
Treatment Plan
Presenting Problems
Clinical Validation
Effective Forms of Treatment
Treatment Plan Example
Treatment Plan Cont.
By Fidel Loverton
Inability or failure to resist an impulse to pleasure self sexually and to seek sexual pleasures from consenting adult for the sole purpose of sexual gratification. This behavior is harmful to me and my family.
personal sense of loss of control over the pattern of behavior
the experience of significant consequences due to their out-of-control sexual behavior
persistent obsessive thoughts about their outof-control sexual behaviour.
• Modify or regulate sexual behavior
• couples therapy
• Education
• Dealing with triggers
• Cognitive behavioral techniques
• Self-help group therapy
• psychodynamic treatment for issues of childhood sexual issues
Identified Problem 1: loss of control over the pattern of behavior involving sex/porn

Goal 1: No individual internet use for two weeks

Objective 1: Create a journal of how you feel every time you think of going on the internet but did not.

Intervention 1: Increased resistance to triggers.

Intervention2: Focus your sexual gratification your spouse and fantasize about your wife in so many ways
Goal 2: Cut ties with your extra sexual pleasure (self pleasure)

Objective 1: Understanding your desire for self-pleasure and limit it (cognitive)

Intervention 1: Ask your wife to participate in your sexual pleasure

Intervention 2: Ask to pleasure your spouse sexually without penetration (elimination of guilt)
Full transcript