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History of the Iberian Peninsula.

Rodolfo Hernandez

on 29 June 2010

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Transcript of HISTORY OF SPAIN plus

A concise list of dates and events in chronological order using maps.

by José Rodolfo Hernández Carrión
Dept.Economía Aplicada/Applied Economics
University of València - SPAIN
Modern humans entered the Iberian Peninsula about 32,000 years ago. Different populations and cultures followed over the millennia, including the Iberians, the Tartessians, Celts and Celtiberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians and, finally, the Romans who colonized and control the whole Iberian Peninsula. BC-'before Christ' AD-Anno Domini which is latin for "in the year of Our Lord." Roman Conquest of Iberia 300 BC-The Punic War ROMA-CARTAGO The Roman Hispania at the time of Diocletian Roman emperor - 298 BC http://www.boisestate.edu/courses/westciv/punicwar/ Scipio Africanus In 711 AD, a Moorish Islamic army from North Africa invaded Visigoth Hispania, and conquered nearly the entire peninsula. During the next 750 years, independent Muslim states were established, and the entire area of Muslim control became known as Al-Andalus. Trajan, Roman emperor from Hispania, ruled between 98-117 A.D. 476 AD End of the slow Decline of the Roman Empire. Occurred over an estimated period of 320 years finally culminated on September 4, 476 when Romulus Augustus, the last Emperor of the Western Roman Empire was deposed by Odoacer, a Germanic chieftain. 400 AD-Barbarian Invasion AL-ANDALUS WAS ALIVE FOR 750 Years!!! Meanwhile the Christian kingdoms in the north began the long and slow recovery of the peninsula, a process called the Reconquista, which was concluded in 1492 with the fall of Granada. The Kingdom of Spain was created in 1492 with the unification of the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Aragon.
In this year also was the first voyage of Christopher Columbus to the New World, beginning the development of the Spanish Empire. By the year 1200 AD the Muslim territory had been reduced to the Kingdom of Granada.
They kept it until 1492. 1516 Charles I became Spanish king and extended the Spanish Empire to include Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg 
1519 Charles I became the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V of Germany.
1588 Philip II, also known as Philip the Prudent, ruled one of the world's largest empires which included territories in every continent from 1556 until 1581. 1521 Hernando Cortes conquered the Mexican Aztecs
1533 Francisco Pizarro conquered the South American Inca empire 1714 The War of the Spanish Succession ended when Spain lost all of its European empire
1808 Napoleon conquered Spain The Spanish Carlist Wars (1833-1840, 1847-1849, 1872-1876)
Three wars in Spain fought during the period from 1833 to 1876. The Carlists were members of a conservative political movement in Spain with the goal of establishing an alternate branch of the Bourbon dynasty to the throne. 1898 Spanish-American War. Cuba got its independence and Guam, Philippines, and Puerto Rico were given to the United States The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) was a major conflict that devastated Spain. A coup d'état in the Second Spanish Republic. 1914-1918 World War I-Spain remained neutral.
1931 Voted a republican government in Spain.
1936 General Francisco Franco became the leader of the rebels and civil war ensued.
1939-1945 World War II-Spain remained neutral.
1969 Franco declared that Prince Juan Carlos would become the next king of Spain.
1975 Franco died and Juan Carlos became king.
1986, SPAIN and PORTUGAL joined the European Community, making it the Community of Twelve.
THANK YOU. THE END. 1519 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor's Heritage 1556 Philip II of Spain Second Carlist War Segunda guerra carlista, 1846-1849 Third Carlist War Tercera guerra carlista, 1872-1876 BORBON
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