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Nicaraguan Revolution

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Jamie Petrie

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Nicaraguan Revolution

Nicaraguan Revolution By:Jamie Petrie Background Nicaragua before this revolution was only known as unsteady and unpredictable. In 1912 America moved forces to Nicaragua to keep this country safe and under control, they did this because of past relationships they had with the county. In 1961 the country had its first elections for a stable government. After this moment in time the American army moved out and Nicaragua was an independent country. This also marks the start of the Nicaraguan Revolution Somoza Regime The Somoza Regime was the first elected government of Nicaragua. Anastasio Somoza Garcia was voted leader country. Although his term was only suppose to last four years, he later established himself dictator of the country and although he later died his family dynasty lasted on until 1979. Under the Somoza Regime was peaceful without any wars in the first few years, but in the ending years the most recent dictator in the family became more violent and unlikable. America backed them up completely since Nicaragua was now doing 90% of its trade with America in a non-communist way. The FSLN The FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional) was the other group that was running for control of Nicaragua during the first election. This group was a socialist group that lost the election. Lead by Daniel Ortega the FSLN felt that there was a need for a new government (as well as others) in Nicaragua since the leader that was elected has corrupted the government by making himself dictator and taking absolute control of the country.In 1979 the FSLN took over the Somoza Regime for control of Nicaragua in a violent battle Americas Involvement At the time the FSLN took over in Nicaragua the U.S. president at the time Ronald Reagan decided to send the National Guard over to keep control over the revolution. With the Somoza Regime gone, America decided to set up and fund a new dictatorship regime named the Contras so the FSLN would not be in control. The Contras took over from the National Guard, and although never succeeding lasted from 1979 - 1990. Involvement of Cold War The cold war had a major impact on the Nicaraguan revolution. The reason America felt the need to make the Contras was because of the fact that the FSLN was socialist and the color red on their flag scared them. The FSLN was wanted to have taken control by most Nicaraguans who did not like their harsh dictator. Most say that without the cold war America would have never even have been enrolled in this revolution. FSLN vs. Contras The FSLN were the victor in this revolution. They stopped the contras from ever taking control of Nicaragua. The revolution was actually reported to be boring by famous Journalist Tim Rodgers who put him self on the line traveling with both armies (at different times) he wrote that it was almost like Vietnam, endless walking through the tropics without knowing where they are going with occasional splashes of excitement when they stumble across enemy troops. Conflict With Contras Although the Contras were funded by America they were not good people. The Contras were known for abusing civilians, unnecessary violence, and harassing women. This made Civilians fear and hate them. While the Socialist FSLN were known for being friendly and helpful to the local people. This is a main reason why the Contras didn't overthrow the FSLN. They had no local support. Resolution In 1990 this Revolution came to an end when Nicaragua had another election to see what the Government should do to become stable again. This election came to be since it was the only way the Contras and the FSLN could stop fighting and see what the people wanted to do with the government, and so America decided to relinquish the Contras after hearing this news. The winner of this election was the UNO. This was a group that got 55% of the votes and beat the FSLN. This group was based around trading with many other countries and not being socialist, which is what the people wanted with Roberto J. Cajina as their leader. Nicaragua Today Nicaragua is now a dictatorship that is economically growing and receiving positive attention. The Revolution is all in the past over there, and the people are focused on moving forward. They are now the 6th poorest country in Central America, and no longer the 2nd like they were before the Revolution. Tourism is now popular there and is increasing jobs in the country. 50% of the country now has electricity, before it was nonexistent. This revolution defiantly benefited the country in the long run. My Pictures Theme The theme of this revolution is to not get involved with something that you do not know about, like the Americans did. If we would have realized that we were funding the bad guys and would have stopped doing so Nicaragua would actually might have been better off.
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