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Buddhism Project

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by

Daisy Juarez

on 23 February 2014

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Transcript of Buddhism Project

BUDDHISM
Jessica Valdez
Ellen Bui
Tiffany Dinh
Shelly Dieu
Daisy Juarez
Kaysee Santos
Geographical Spread
Rules & Traditions
Buddhist New Year
Vesak
Magha Puja Day/Asalha Puja Day
Dharma Day
Sangha day
Ancestor Day
Festivals/Ceremonies
Caves/Grottos
Stupas
Padgodas
Temples/Monastaries
Buddhist Art - Aniconic and Iconic Phase
Art & Architecture
Buddhist Rituals
Aniconic and Iconic Art
Temples/Monasteries
Stupas
Pagodas
Caves/Grottos
Where and how did Buddhism spread
Buddhism in India
Died out in India by the 15th century
King Ashoka
Helped spread Buddhism
How did it spread to Central Asia, China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam
Theravada in Thailand
Burning of incense
Meditation
Here's a look inside a temple!
AP WORLD RELIGION:
The Ten Precepts
Ten Precepts
Five Precepts
9. To abstain from use of high seats
8. To abstain from perfumes, garlands, and personal adornment
7. To abstain from singing, dancing, music.
6. To abstain from untimely meals
3. To abstain from sexual misconduct
4. To abstain from lying
2. To abstain from stealing
5. To abstain from intoxicants
10. To abstain from accepting gold or silver
Diets
WHICH PARALLELS TO THE FIRST PRECEPT TO ABSTAIN FROM KILLING OF HUMAN AND NONHUMAN!
Beliefs
Festivals/Ceremonies
Kathina Ceremony
Festival of Floating Bowls
Most individuals go through many cycles of birth, living, death and rebirth.
Observance day
Reincarnation and Rebirth
However, in rebirth, a person does not necessarily return to Earth as the same entity ever again.
Nirvana
After many cycles, if a person releases their attachment to desire and the self, they can attain nirvana.
*Nirvana

- a state of liberation and freedom from suffering.
In reincarnation, the individual may be born repeatedly.
The Three Practices
It consists of sila and is based on the principle of equality and reciprocity
**Sila: Virtue, good conduct, morality.
**The principle of equality: that all living entities are equal.
**The principle of reciprocity:to do onto others as you would wish them to do onto you.
** These first two paths are in the Eightfold Path
The Four Noble Truths
Dukkha: Suffering exists
Samudaya: There is a cause for suffering
Nirodha: There is an end to suffering.
Magga: In order to end suffering, you must follow the Eightfold Path
The Eightfold Path
Panna: Discernment, wisdom
1) Samma ditthi Right Understanding of the Four Noble Truths.
2) Samma sankappa: Right thinking; following the right path in life.
Sila: Virtue, morality
3) Samma vaca: Right speech: no lying, criticism, condemning, gossip, harsh language.
4) Samma kammanta Right conduct by following the Five Precepts.
5) Samma ajiva: Right livelihood; support yourself without harming others
Samadhi: Concentration, meditation
6) Samma vayama Right Effort: promote good thoughts; conquer evil thoughts.
7) Samma sati Right Mindfulness: Become aware of your body, mind and feelings.
8) Samma samadhi Right Concentration: Meditate to achieve a higher state of consciousness.
Buddhists believe that all negative mental states or "delusions" as they are referred to, can be overcome through the practice of meditation.
Practice of Meditation
By learning how to meditate, humans can develop peaceful and positive mental states or "virtues", and be able to solve the problems associated with their daily lives.
**The Buddha's Eightfold Path is one of the most important basic beliefs of Buddhism.
Karma
Karma is the law of moral causation.
The theory of Karma is a fundamental doctrine in Buddhism.
This belief was invented in India before the Buddha existed.
1. To abstain from killing
The eating of meat and fish is allowed in Buddhism...
as long as the individual is not seen or suspected of killing the animal...
One should eat to simply sustain the body, thus the individual should eat without greed, craving, and involvement with the killing.
“It means that nobody will ever see them again”
, the charioteer explained.

Then I too am to be a subject of death”
, the prince replied. Then, Siddhartha commanded,
“Enough of the park for today, drive me back to my rooms”.
“Yes, my lord”
, answered the charioteer.
The raja asked yet again about the prince’s visit to the park. Again, he was given the same answer by the charioteer, “He did not enjoy it” and was informed of what the prince and the charioteer saw.
When the prince got home, a raja asked the charioteer, “Did the boy enjoy the park?”.
“No, he did not”
Concerned, the raja asked “What did he see”
The charioteer told him all.
The raja was afraid of the prince declining to rule.
“Why”

He’s aged because he doesn’t have much time to live”, explained charioteer, “We all grow old”.
“Then I am to be a subject of old age”
Then, Siddhartha commanded,
“Enough of the park for today, drive me back to my rooms”
.
“Yes, my lord”
, answered the charioteer.
Then lord Gautama cut his hair and donned on the yellow robe and went into the homeless state.
84,000 people heard what the prince did, the people followed in his footsteps and went forth into the homeless state.
Gautama mediated in seclusion after he decided a crowd was too much. Gautama went another way. He came across a thought that suffering has no escape and wondered if he could escape death.
Later, Siddhartha Gautama reached enlightenment under a bodhi tree and became the Buddha.
Then, Siddhartha commanded,
“Enough of the park for today, drive me back to my rooms. There I will cut off my hair and don on the yellow robe”
“Yes, my lord”
, answered the charioteer.
Curious the prince asked
“what is that to have gone forth”.
“It means being thorough in the religious life”
“Drive me up to that forthgone man”
“Yes my lord”
, replied the charioteer.

“Why is your head unlike other men’s heads”
, the prince asked.
“I am a lord who has gone forth”
“What does that mean master”
“It means that I am being thorough in the religious life”
After a few days, Prince Gautama asked his charioteer to drive him to the park once again.
Upon going to the park, the prince saw a
shaven-headed man wearing a yellow robe
.
“Why is his head unlike other men’s heads”
, the prince asked.
“He is one who has gone forth”
, explained the charioteer.
The raja asked yet again about the prince’s visit to the park. Again, he was given the same answer by the charioteer, “He did not enjoy it” and was informed of what the prince and the charioteer saw.
After a few days, Prince Gautama asked his charioteer to drive him to the park once again.
Upon going to the park, the prince saw a great clad of people
and asked
“Why are all those people coming together making a pile”.

Because someone has ended his days”
, replied the charioteer.
“Drive me close to the him who has ended his days”
,
when the prince saw the
corpse
,
he asked
“What is ending one’s days”
“What is meant by ill?”
, lord Gautama wondered.
“It means that he will hardly recover from his illness”
“ Then, I am to be a subject of illness”
“We all fall ill”
, explained the charioteer.
Then, Siddhartha commanded,
“Enough of the park for today, drive me back to my rooms”
.
“Yes, my lord”
, answered the charioteer.
After a few days, Prince Gautama asked his charioteer to drive him to the park once again.
Upon going to the park,
he saw a sick, fallen man weltering in his own water
.
“Why is he like that”
, the prince exclaimed.
“Because he is ill”
, replied the charioteer.
Once upon a time, there was a prince named Siddhartha Gautama. He was very sheltered and got the best of everything.
One day, he suggested to go out to the park with a charioteer to enjoy it. Lord Gautama saw an
old man leaning on a staff
.
“Why is he like that”
, the prince exclaimed.
“He’s an aged man”
, replied the charioteer.
THE MEATS THAT SHOULD BE AVOIDED:
Origin Storybook
The Exchanging of Gifts
Buddhist laypersons often give gifts to
the monks, in thoughts to benefit lay
people and to win them merit.
Funeral Traditions
“Offering of cloth on behalf of the dead”:
Before the body is cremated, the funeral’s presiding monastics are given a white cloth to be stitched into robes. During this, verses are chanted and recited, as well as the pouring of water to an overflowing cup to symbolize the giving of merit to the deceased.
"Preaching for the benefit of the dead”
: After a week has passed, a monk returns to the home of the deceased to provide a sermon for the relatives.
“Offering in the name of the dead”
: Three months after the funeral, and then annually afterwards, the deceased’s relatives hold an almsgiving.
Map Of Spread
King Ashoka's
Name two men/things the prince saw during his visits to the park...
Question
Name one of the areas/countries Buddhism spread to...
QUESTION
Name two of the ten percepts...
Name two of the ten meats that is prohibited to eat...
QUESTIONS


What does the practice of meditation help one achieve...
QUESTIONS
Name two of the four Noble Truths...
QUESTION
Name one festival or holiday and
why it's celebrated.....
What is the meaning of burning
incense?
Name two Buddhist architectural structures..


What does the element Ether represent...
Questions
Full transcript