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Introductory Paragraph

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by

Sarah Juhant

on 20 September 2016

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Transcript of Introductory Paragraph

Example
#2
What is an introductory paragraph?
Introductory Paragraphs
Simple! It's the paragraph that begins your essay.
Why Do I Need to Have an Introductory Paragraph in My Essay?
To get the reader's (that's me!) attention. Make me want to read more.
To let the reader (me again) know what your essay is going to be about.
Remember...start general...end specific!
Begin your paragraph with the general sentences about your topic. Your last two sentences should be your THESIS and then your 3 SUPPORTING IDEAS.

Which sentence is more general? Which is more specific?
1.) There are many colleges in the United States with excellent programs in several fields.

2.) Of all the colleges in the United States, the school with the best academic programs and student-friendly environment is Cedarville University.
What makes up an introductory paragraph?

2-3 general sentences on your topic
Thesis statement
3 supporting ideas.
Furthermore...
The 3 supporting ideas set up the structure of your essay.
In other words, the 3 supporting ideas at the end of your introductory paragraph tell the reader what your 3 body paragraphs will be about.
This sentence is almost like a "list" of your supporting ideas.
Example (Thesis and Supporting Ideas): My favorite food of all time is mashed potatoes. Mashed potatoes are easy to make, they taste delicious, and they are a great side dish for any meal.
Example introductory paragraph...
Thousands of books exist specifically for the young adult audience. Young adult books can include a variety of genres such as realistic fiction, romances, and mysteries. Another popular genre among the young adult crowd is the fantasy genre.

The best example of young adult fantasy is the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling.
Rowling's Harry Potter series takes place in a creative and fascinating magical world, has an exciting plot, and deals with the theme of good vs. evil.
Blue=general statements
Green=Thesis statement
Black= 3 supporting ideas
Thesis Statement
Your thesis statement is a SPECIFIC sentence stating the main idea of your essay.
The thesis is the opinion or idea you want to prove or explain.
Ex: The life of a typical high school student is characterized by time spent studying and attending class, extracurricular activities, and socializing with peers.
Ex: The most dangerous sport played by adolescents today is football.
Your thesis statement comes AFTER your 2-3 general statements.
Objectives:
Students will be able to explain the purpose of the introductory paragraph.
Students will be able to explain the function of the 3 components of the introductory paragraph.
Given an example introductory paragraph, students will be able to identify the 3 components of the introductory paragraph.
Adolescence can be an extremely confusing time for an individual. New changes occur, both physically and socially. Many new challenges arise in schools due to these changes that adolescents face. One prominent issue in today's middle schools and high schools is bullying. Middle schools and high schools need o take action to prevent bullying among students. Schools can prevent bullying among students by creating a peer mediator program, by teaching teachers and students to recognize the signs of bullying, and, finally, by developing a comprehensive anti-bullying plan.
Other Info about Introductions...
Your introduction is where you provide information on your topic that your reader needs to know in order to understand your thesis statement.
Ex: If you're writing about how existentialism is a flawed idea...maybe you should explain in your introduction what "existentialism" is :)
MUST mention AUTHOR and TITLE of novel/short story/poem that you are writing about (if this applies).
Movie Clip-The Fellowship of the Ring
The prologue of "The Fellowship of the Ring" is especially memorable because it gives viewers essential background information that they need in order to understand the story. To begin, the prologue of the film establishes the setting: the fantasy world of Middle Earth. Middle Earth is a new place that consists of many different types of creatures like elves, hobbits, and dwarves who have different types of magical powers. These creatures do not exist in reality, so the prologue allows viewers to enter into this new world. Next, the prologue introduces the main conflict of the story. According to the prologue, the conflict centers around the Ring of power created by the evil Sauron. The only way to save Middle Earth from this evil is to destroy the ring. This is the central conflict of the story, and the prologue introduces this conflict to the audience. Lastly, the prologue is memorable because it also introduces the audience to some of the main characters of the story, like Bilbo and Frodo Baggins. Through all of these elements, the prologue of "The Fellowship of the Ring" captures the audience's interest.
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