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School "Safe Sex" Prezi

Safe Sex
by

Vienne Bercy

on 10 February 2015

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Transcript of School "Safe Sex" Prezi

Notes
Ideas
Ideas
Ideas
CONSENT


WHAT IS SAFE SEX?
BBVs
RISK FACTORS
BBVs = Blood Bourne Viruses
Sex (Rarely Hep C)
Sharing injecting equipment
Unsterile tattoos
Unsterile body piercing
Toothbrushes
Razors
Blood Transfusions
Mother to child transmission

Jane and Jo
Sexual Health Nurses
Broken Hill Health Service

WHERE ARE WE?

Broken Hill Hospital
Thomas Street
in
Primary Health
but also at Menindee and Wilcannia
WHAT'S AVAILABLE?
Free and Confidential Service
Medicare opt on/off for tests
Any age can visit a Sexual Health Clinic
Hours Monday – Friday 8am - 5pm
Appointments ph 80801554
Walk in off street

SERVICES
Females/Males
Youth
Relationships
Sexually Transmitted Infections/BBVs
Contraception/Pregnancy Tests
Immunisations
Talk about Sex and stuff
Pap Smears
Free Condoms & Lube
Couselling/Referrals
TOPICS FOR TODAY
Relationships
Consent
Safe sex
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Contraception
Quiz
Condom application demonstration
Where to access help

RELATIONSHIPS

What is a healthy relationship?

Healthy Relationships
You have fun together
Both feel able to be yourself
Can have different opinions /interests
Listen to each other
Can compromise, say sorry and talk arguments out
Don’t have to spend all your time together
Can spend time alone or with family and friends

Respect
To say NO to things you don’t want to do
To express your OWN opinion, beliefs
To CHANGE your mind
To see other friends and family when YOU want to
To END the relationship if you want to

Respect & Acceptance
build Confidence
Healthy Relationships
It can take time to find someone who wants similar things to you

Questions you need to ask are:
What do I want from a relationship?
What qualities do I like in a person?
What don’t I want?
What don’t I like?

YES OR NO TO SEX
A good relationship doesn’t mean you HAVE to have sex
You decide when YOU are ready
Safe sex is NO sex until you are SURE, in a good relationship
If you enter into a sexual relationship USE condoms

Abuse is when one person tries to control or hurt another
This can be physical, sexual or emotional
It’s against the law for someone to physically hurt, threaten to hurt or force you into sexual contact
Police can be involved and a person can be charged

WHEN LOVE HURTS
SELF ESTEEM
Don’t be hard on yourself or focus on mistakes
Don’t blame yourself for the way others act
Be positive - focus on
Things you are proud of
What you like about yourself
Your favourite things
Things that you would like to do in your life

SAFE SEX
≥ 16 years

If you are under 16 years of age - no one is allowed to have sex with you
Even if you agree to have sex with someone - it is against the law for the person to have sex with you
They can be charged with a criminal offence

LAW & SEX
Once you are 16 years you can legally have sex with another person who is 16 or over
As long as you both agree to it

" SHOW SOME RESPECT YOU GUYS - MEOW!!!!! "
OUCH !!
ROAR !!
Why is it important to make sure that the person you’re with has given consent ?

Non-consensual sex activity is against the law
The punishment for sexual assault is severe

WHEN CAN I HAVE SEX?
How to avoid an unplanned pregnancy

Option1
Don’t have sex

Option 2
Use contraception/condoms


SAFE SEX
Only having sex with CONSENT
Avoiding UNPLANNED PREGNANCY
Preventing SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS by using CONDOMS & LUBE

(Condoms stop the transfer of bodily fluids, including semen, vaginal fluid, blood and saliva)

SAFE SEX AND CONSENT
Consent = choice made free from force, threat, coercion, intimidation and humiliation

Consent is negated when someone is intoxicated, under the influence of drugs or not mentally able to consent

HAVING SAFE SEX
Make sure your partner wants to have sex
Talk about sex with your partner/s. Talk about the things you want to do and the things you don’t want to do
Come Prepared !!
Remember:
Think contraception
Think condoms and lubrication
AND remember NO MEANS NO


HAVING SAFE SEX
Only having consensual sex
Avoiding unwanted pregnancy
Preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections by using condoms and lube

Remember - Drugs and Alcohol can influence your decisions about safer sex

SAFE SEX AND PREGNANCY
SAFE SEX AND PREGNANCY
SAFE SEX AND PREGNANCY
Emergency Contraceptive Pill

When contraception fails or not used
Best taken within 48 hours of UPSI
Not 100% effective
Free at Sexual Heath Clinics – Jane/Jo
Accident & Emergency
Chemists – a cost
Women's Health Nurse
Doctors – a cost

STIs TRANSMISSION
Passed on through bodily exchange of fluids
(vaginal, anal, oral sex and close skin to skin contact)

Mother to baby (while pregnant or during birth)

(Sharing injecting equipment – HIV, Hep B)

STIs RISK
Anyone who is sexually active is at risk
Increased risk of sexually transmitted infection when:
Start a new relationship
Have more than one sexual partner
Have a condom break with a partner

(Sharing injecting equipment – HIV, Hep B)


STIs SYMPTOMS
Not all STIs have symptoms
Some common symptoms include:
Itching, painful sores & blisters
Burning or discomfort when peeing
Smell, discharge, bleeding after sex
Lower pelvic pain/pain with sex – females
Swollen testicles/discharge from penis - males

SAFE SEX AND PREVENTING INFECTIONS
Condoms
Check expiry date
Store in a cool place
Don’t use teeth to open
Squeeze teat
Never use 2 together
Use with water based lubricant


SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
STIs TREATMENT
Many STIs are treatable with antibiotics
Some STIs cause long term problems (including no cure, infertility, illness, death)
Some STIs can be caught more than once

STIs
CHLAMYDIA
Most common STI in Australia
Very common in our area
Can infect males & females
Majority of people don’t have symptoms
Can cause infertility
Easy to treat
2 antibiotic tablets
Partners need to be tested and treated

HEPATITIS B
Virus affects your liver
Blood and other body fluids
Spread through sex, injecting equipment
In chronic carriers can lead to liver cirrhosis or even cancer
Vaccine available

H.I.V
Virus attacks immune system
Not just gays, bisexuals and drug users
Condoms prevent the spread of HIV

HEPATITIS C
Blood to blood transmission

Rarely through sex

45-85% can develop chronic hepatitis C

No Vaccine

HERPES
Two Types
HSV 1 – Mouth
HSV 2 – genitals and anus
Spread through skin to skin contact
Lesions - ulcers, blisters, cracks
No cure – it’s a virus
Infectious when active
Treatment is available
8 - 10 adults have been exposed to HSV 1
1 in 7 adults have been exposed to HSV 2

GENITAL WARTS
Skin to skin contact
Almost everyone is exposed to HPV at some time
Can manifest on genitals or around anus
Can be itchy but seldom painful
Long term latency
Treatment with wart paint, freezing or burning
Warts can come back
Can cause cancer of penis,anus and cervix


OI - I THINK I'M
GETTING A BLISTER!

CONTRACEPTION
BARRIER METHODS
CONDOMS
Check use by date
Carefully take condom out of package
Hold tip of condom, expel air and roll condom to base of penis
Check during sex that condom stays in place
Hold condom at base of penis and withdraw as soon as ejaculated
Never reuse a condom or use more that one at a time - they break


HORMONE METHODS
The Pill
Contains Hormones - oestrogen and progestogen
Works by inhibiting ovulation therefore minimising risk of pregnancy
Very effective - however only protects against pregnancy not STIs

HORMONAL METHODS
Depo Provera
A progestogen only form of contraception (prevents ovulation)
Injected every 12 weeks
Highly effective
Regular check ups

HORMONAL METHODS
Implanon
Small rod inserted underneath the skin of the upper arm by a doctor
Can stay in place for 3 years
Highly effective
Similar side effects to Depo
Doesn’t protect you from infections

QUIZ
Chlamydia always has symptoms?
Chlamydia can cause infertility?
You can get Chlamydia in the eyes?
You have to unroll a condom before putting it on the penis?
Some condoms can be used more than once?
If a female takes the contraceptive pill her partner does not need to use condoms?

Sexually transmitted infections can be spread through oral sex?
A man or woman could have a sexually transmitted infection and not be aware of it?
If you have sex with a person with a sexually transmitted infection you probably won’t catch it?
Condoms are the most effective way to prevent an infection from sex

HIV is a bacteria that damages your kidneys?
HIV is transmitted in blood, vaginal secretions and semen?
You can catch Chlamydia from the toilet seat?
Oral sex is not sex ?
Where can you get the morning after pill?
Where can you get help if you have had unprotected sex?

SAFE SEX IS THE WAY TO GO !!!
SO ... SHOULD YOU





GET




TESTED?

SHOULD I BE TESTED
I am sexually active
I’ve had a change of partner
I’ve never had a STI test
I plan to become sexually active
I'm worried I could have an infection
I don’t know if I am immune to Hepatitis B
I want more info on sexually transmitted infections and safe sex


BECAUSE
HEALTHY RELATIONSHIPS
ARE
BUILT ON RESPECT
We feel GOOD about ourselves
We feel SAFE and never SCARED
Everyone deserves to be treated with
RESPECT

To prevent unplanned pregnancy

To minimise transmission of sexually transmitted infections (only with barrier methods)

There is no perfect method of contraception except abstinence!

Side effects can be associated with some methods



CONDOMS
There is a use by date - always check
Experiment with different types
Using 2 condoms doesn’t give you extra protection – they will break
If a condom breaks or slips - see a sexual health center or GP for emergency contraceptive pill within 72 hours
Condoms

Front line protection against most sexually transmitted infections

Effectiveness is dependent upon application and motivation

Condoms can break - USE LUBE

There is a right way to put them on - don’t expect your partner to know how to do it



QUESTIONS?
Full transcript