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Geography of India

6.5.1Locate the major river systems and discuss the physical setting that supported the rise of civilization.
by

sandra valles-metzger

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Geography of India

EQ: What are the 8 key physical features in India? Geography of India Brahmaputra River
DRAW THIS RIVER!
*Starts in the Himayalas
*winds through snow-capped mountains
*becomes deeper as it goes into the valley
*monsoons (wind & rain) add water yearly to the river
*river overflows, leaving rich minerals
*meets the Ganges River Deccan Plateau *DRAW THIS PLATEAU!
*raised flat land area
*between 2 mountain ranges of India
*rocky areas of granite
*hilly parts have thin forests/bushes
*fairly dry
*monsoons provide water
*soil is black, yellow, or red
*black soil=good for farming cotton Eastern & Western Ghats
DRAW THESE MTNS.
*long mtn. chains that form a "V"
*Eastern=several rivers, rare floods, fast/dangerous rivers, cliffs/rocks
*Western=higher
slopes, valleys, forests,heavy rain,tropical plants Ganges River
DRAW THIS RIVER
*flows across northern India
*through rocks, ice, mountains, valleys
*carries sediment (earth/sand)
*enriches soil of plains from Himalayas down to valleys
*makes the valleys most fertile farming area of the world
*water is from the Himalayas
*often floods, destroys crops along banks Himalaya Mtns.
DRAW THESE MTNS.!
*along the northern border (agst. China)
*highest range in the world
*Mt. Everest, tallest mtn. in world
*reach 5.5 miles into sky
*name means "home of the snows"
*fierce storms (10 ft. of snow at a time)
*its snow/ice fields (glaciers) feed northern rivers
*rise every year due to earthquakes
*landslides Hindu Kush Mtns.
DRAW THESE MTNS.!
*b/t India & Afghanistan
*one of highest in world
*some peaks 5 mi. high
*snow and ice year round
*Khyber Pass (28 mi. gap) links central Asia to India
*used for trade route, but dangerous Indus River
DRAW THIS RIVER!
*begins in the Himalayas
*gets water from Hindu Kush, too
*water level always high
*flows through India, Pakistan, and into Arabian Sea
*leaves soil rich and fertile
*good for farming/along banks Thar Desert
DRAW THIS DESERT!
*northern India
*sand and stone
*rocks
*little plant life!
*more than 45 kinds of lizards, snakes
*gazelles
*birds: qual, ducks, geese
*very little rain/water
*river dried up around 1900 B.C. EQ: Where did early settlements develop & why?
*river valleys
1st in Sarasvati River (Thar Desert)
Indus River Valley
Ganges River Valley
*for farmland
*for water resources
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