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The Constitutional Convention
Transcript of The Constitutional Convention
Bicameral national Legislature, or Congress, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate
Representation in each house would be based off a state's population
Voters in each state would elect members of the House of Representatives and then those officials would choose the members of the Senate
Congress would have the power to make laws for the states, override state laws, and force states to obey national laws
Congress would choose members of the judiciary and the president, who whould each serve for 7 years
Called for a stronger central government, supported by nationalists Central government had power to raise taxes, regulate trade, and enforce national laws
3 Branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial Having the power to make laws having the power to carry out the laws having the power to tell what laws mean and decide if they are carried out fairly Proportional Representation or nay? 2 House legislature, upper and lower houses Unicameral legislature
Representation in Congress would be equal, no matter the size of the state, large or small (this was an element of the Articles of Confederation)
Congress would be elected by the state legislatures, not directly by the people
A multi-person executive would be chosen by Congress
This several person executive would have the power to appoint the federal judiciary
Protected the small states who feared a federal government ruled by the large states a system of representation based on differences in population size between areas COMPROMISE One house legislature The Connecticut, or "Great Compromise" Although the Framers disagreed on a number of points, they also agreed on many basic issues: Popular sovereignty, limited national government, representative system of government, separation of powers, and checks and balances -Roger Sherman of Connecticut offered this compromise to the delegates at the Convention
-Considered the central Compromise of the entire Convention and marked a turning point in the Convention as it opened the door for other compromises
That Congress should consist of 2 Houses, a House of Representatives and a Senate
In the House, a state's representation would be based upon current population (to satisfy the larger, heavily populated states)
In the Senate, each state would have two representatives (to satisfy the smaller states) Compromise The 3/5 Compromise Should slaves be counted as part of the population? Southerners: yes! This would increase their representation in the House. If they were not represented, the Southern states would remain weak in the House.
Northerners: no! Slaves cannot vote, why should they be counted?
The Compromise: All slaves would be counted, but the total population would be multiplied by 3/5 The Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise This compromise was passed on July 16, 1787 Since the South's economy was more dependent on the export of agricultural products than the North's, delegates worried that northern business interests would try to hurt the interests of the agricultural South.
So, before they would agree to give the national government the power to control national and international trade, Southerners insisted that Congress be forbidden the authority to tax the export goods of any state. The Southern delegates also argued that the slave trade was crucial to their region's economy
Northerners wished to abolish the slave trade completely
Southerners refused to remain part of the Confederation unless the Northern states would agree to not abolish the Slave Trade for a period of at least 20 years after the Constitution went into effect
The slave Trade was thus not abolished until the year 1808 On August 6th, the delegates had a separate committee assemble the various resolutions they had passed. The finished document had 23 Clauses.
The delegates met for the last time on September 17, 1787. No one was completely happy with the document, some even refused to sign. Most signed knowing that there was still room for improvement. Framers of the Constitution self-government based on the will of the people what do we mean by "Founding Fathers" or "Framers of the Constitution"? The Preamble What do these words mean?
-liberty- fairness peace among states government aid programs provide for defense and safety of country with militia future generations freedom