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TOK

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Kaitlin Roaholm

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of TOK

Biological Family To What Extent Do We Justify Strange Behaviors? Jordan Meng, Kaitlin Rosholm, Monica Valenzuela, Maria Barajas Knower's Perspective Maria Jordan Kaitlin Monica Psychological Societal Ways of Knowing Examples How does family cause Idiosyncrasies, Obsessions, and Eccentricities? Connections Conclusion


• Force Feeding: http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/taboo/videos/force-feeding-children/

• “Beautiful” Bodies:
http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/taboo/videos/beauty/ Strained family relationships
Behavior
Emphasis on certain aspects of life
Appearances Language
Sense Perception
Emotion Phobias
Racism, stereotypes
Relationships
Job opportunities .".".".
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.----. _..............._.----. Genetic Inheritance of Behavior Anorexia
Dysfunctional Families nature vs nurture argument
behavior is jointly influenced by upbringing and genetic factors
personality
intelligence Idiosyncrasy: Peculiarity of constitution; that temperament, or state of constitution, which is peculiar to a person

Obsession:the domination of one's thoughts or feelings by a persistent idea, image, desire

Eccentricities: an oddity or peculiarity, as of conduct: Evidence Against Biological Justification of Behavior no identifiable gene that causes addictions
minor evidence for direct genetic inheritance of behaviors
"genetically inherited" behaviors result from like characteristics inherited, rather than the behaviors themselves Shared Biological Behaviors Some Quick Definitions... instinctual behaviors
survival instinct
natural tendency of humans to seek the course of action most likely to preserve themselves
maternal instinct
natural tendency of humans to want to protect and nurture others How does society cause
idiosyncrasies, obsessions,
and eccentricities? Case Study of Twins identical twins separated at birth exhibit like behaviors and lifestyle choices after years of rearing
personality, preferences, aesthetic sense, marital status, etc. Traumatic Events Counter Examples Biological Disorders Ways Of Knowing Affects On The Brain autism
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
depression
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Tourette's disorder
exposure to alcohol or drug use in pre-natal stages of development Traditions
Parental habits Sexual Assault
Accident (car, boat,factory, ect.)
Family Events
Bullying/Harassment
Natural Disasters Emotion
Reason
Language Result After Trauma Hoarding
Daily rituals
Anxiety Attacks
Eating Disorders Counter Claim •Tradition •Subjective •Lady Gaga Chickens Rock. Conclusion Obsession Video: http://tlc.howstuffworks.com/tv/my-crazy-obsession/videos/bun-in-the-oven.htm Body Image Society's idea of "Beauty" Beauty is unique to each culture But really...
To What Extent Do We Justify Obsessions, Idiosyncrasies, and Eccentricities? PET Scans
Damage to brain resulting in compulsive behaviors
2004 University of Iowa
Chemical balance related to addiction Western Cultures Beautiful = thin Case Study
• Anne Becker (1995)
•Fiji girls
•TV viewing affected cultural norms Non-Western Cultures •"The bigger the better" •Force feed •Size indicates good health and status Muscular bodies Ways of Knowing Emotion
Sense Perception
Language •Not everything is right Ways of Knowing Reason vs. Emotion Counter claim Fate or Chance
Biological causes
Addiction
Full transcript